The year 1916 has recently been identified as "a tipping point for the intensification of protests, riots, uprisings and even revolutions." Many of these constituted a challenge to the international pre-war order of empires, and thus collectively represent a global anti-imperial moment, which was the revolutionary counterpart to the later diplomatic attempt to construct a new world order in the so-called Wilsonian moment. Chief among such events was the Easter Rising in Ireland, an occurrence that took on worldwide significance as a challenge to the established order. This is the first collection of specialist studies that aims at interpreting the global significance of the year 1916 in the decline of empires.
Table of Contents
Section One: Transnational and Comparative Approaches to 1916
- Globalising the Easter Rising: 1916 and the Challenge to Empires
- The Easter Rising and the Changing Character of Irregular Warfare
- Echoes of the Rising in Quebec’s Conscription Crisis: The French Canadian Press and the Irish Revolution between 1916 and 1918
- The Great American Protest: African Americans and the Great Migration
- Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian Nationalism, and the Irish Revolution: The View from New York, 1914-1920
- Johannesburg’s Green Flag: The Contemporaneity of the Easter Rising and the 1922 Rand Rebellion
- 1916 in the Middle East and the Global War for Empire
- "A Tempest in a British Tea Pot": The Arab Question in Cairo and Delhi
- "Revolutionaries, Renegades and Refugees": Anti-British Allegiances in the Context of World War I
- From Dublin to Turgai: Discourses on Small Nations and Violence in the Russian Muslim Press in 1916
- "To be avoided at all hazards: rebel Irish and syndicalists coming into office": The Easter Rising, Climatic Conditions and the 1916 Australian Referendum on Conscription
- British Labour and Irish Rebels: "Try and Understand"
- The Execution of Cesare Battisti: Loyalty, Citizenship, and Empire in the Trentino in World War I
- "The Same Thing Could Happen in Finland": The Anti-Imperial Moment in Ireland and Finland, 1916-1917
- Early Risers and Late Sleepers: The Easter Rising and the Poznanian Uprising of 1918/19 Compared
Enrico Dal Lago, Róisín Healy and Gearóid Barry (NUI Galway)
Timothy D. Hoyt (U.S. Naval War College, Newport)
Section Two: The Atlantic World
Charles-Philippe Courtois (Royal Military College Saint-Jean)
Cecelia Hartsell (University College Dublin)
David Brundage (University of California Santa Cruz)
Jonathan Hyslop (Colgate University and University of Pretoria)
Section Three: North Africa, Asia and the Pacific
Michael Provence (University of California San Diego)
Erin O’Halloran (University of Oxford)
Stephen McQuillan (Trinity College Dublin)
Danielle Ross (Utah State University)
Daniel Marc Segesser (University of Bern)
Section Four: European Responses and Parallels
Geoffrey Bell (independent scholar)
Vanda Wilcox (John Cabot University, Rome)
Andrew Newby (University of Helsinki)
Róisín Healy (NUI Galway)
Enrico Dal Lago is Professor of American History at NUI Galway. He is the author of several books, the latest of which are The Age of Lincoln and Cavour: Comparative Perspectives on Nineteenth-Century American and Italian Nation-Building (2015), and Civil Wars and Agrarian Unrest: The Confederate South and Southern Italy (2018).
Róisín Healy is Lecturer in Modern European History at NUI Galway. Her publications include The Shadow of Colonialism on Europe’s Modern Past (2014) and Poland in the Irish Nationalist Imagination, 1772-1922: Anti-Colonialism within Europe (2017).
Gearóid Barry is Lecturer in Modern European History at NUI Galway. His books include The Disarmament of Hatred: Marc Sangnier, French Catholicism and the Legacy of the First World War, 1914-45 (2012) and Small Nations and Colonial Peripheries in World War I (2016).
"In this slim anthology, Dal Lago, Healy, and Barry ably take up the dual challenge laid down by the late Keith Jeffery with his pathbreaking 1916: A Global History: to internationalise the study of the Easter Rising, so often treated as a purely domestic affair â€“ as, indeed, the British state insisted it was; and to restore 1916, long neglected in favour of Bolshevik 1917, to its proper place as the revolutionary hinge of twentieth century politics."
- Matthew Kovac. University of Oxford, Keble College
"1916 in Global Context manages to be both cohesive and comprehensive. It adeptly weaves conflict and cooperation between strands of propaganda, high politics, and violence around the world. Authors forensically show the extent and limit of transnational connections, demonstrating mostly excellent source work and analysis across a gamut of relevant and crisscrossing topics."
-William Bullock Jenkins, University of Leipzig & London School of Economics