The concept of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) has undergone dramatic changes over the last several decades since C. Ray Jeffery coined the term in the early 1970s, and Tim Crowe wrote the first CPTED applications book. The second edition of 21st Century Security and CPTED includes the latest theory, knowledge, and practice of CPTED as it relates to the current security threats facing the modern world: theft, violent crime, terrorism, gang activity, and school and workplace violence.
This significantly expanded edition includes the latest coverage of proper lighting, building design—both the interior and exterior—physical security barriers, the usage of fencing, bollards, natural surveillance, landscaping, and landscape design. Such design concepts and security elements can be applied to address a wide variety of threats including crime prevention, blast mitigation, and CBRNE threat protection.
Authored by one of the U.S.’s renowned security experts—and a premiere architect and criminologist—the book is the most comprehensive examination of CPTED and CPTED principles available. This edition includes a complete update of all chapters in addition to five new chapters, over 700 figure illustrations and photos, numerous tables and checklists, and a 20-page color plate section. This latest edition:
- Features five new chapters including green and sustainable buildings, infrastructure protection, and premises liability
- Presents step-by-step guidelines and real-world applications of CPTED concepts, principles and processes—from risk assessment to construction and post-occupancy evaluation
- Outlines national building security codes and standards
- Examines architectural surety from the perspective of risk analysis and premises liability
- Demonstrates CPTED implementation in high-security environments, such as hospitals, parks, ATMs, schools, and public and private sector buildings
A practical resource for architects, urban planners and designers, security managers, law enforcement, CPTED practitioners, building and property managers, homeland security professionals, and students, 21st Century Security and CPTED, Second Edition continues to serve as the most complete and up-to-date reference available on next-generation CPTED practices today.
Table of Contents
What, Me Worry?
Challenge of Architecture in a Free Society: Form Follows Function
Introduction to Planning of a Building
Interface between Architects and Engineers; W. Douglas Fitzgerald and Randall I. Atlas
Understanding CPTED and Situational Crime Prevention; Severin L. Sorensen, John G. Hayes, and Randall I. Atlas
Second-Generation CPTED: Rise and Fall of Opportunity Theory; Gregory Saville and Gerard Cleveland
Premises Liability: Design against Premises Security Negligence Lawsuits
Terrorism and Infrastructure Protection: Risks and Protection; Randall I. Atlas and Anthony DiGregorio
Problem Seeking before Problem Solving: Assessing Threats and Risks
Problem Seeking before Problem Solving: CYA: Cover Your Assets
Problem Seeking before Problem Solving: Vulnerability Assessment
Problem Seeking before Problem Solving: Risk Assessment
Problem Solving (Finally!): Mitigation Options: Or Be Careful What You Ask for, You May Get It! Be Clear What You Ask for!
Designing for Explosive Resistance; Randall I. Atlas and Anthony DiGregorio
Protecting Buildings and Infrastructure with CPTED
ATRiM for Critical Infrastructure Protection; Gregory Saville
Codes and Standards of Care for Infrastructure Protection: Or, Complaining Is Pretending You Have a Choice!
Designing Safe Healthcare Facilities: Hospitals and Medical Facilities; Anthony Potter and Randall I. Atlas
Designing Safe Communities and Neighborhoods
Creating Safe and Secure Environments for Schools and Colleges; Randall I. Atlas, Richard H. Schneider, and Tod Schneider
Designing Safe ATMs; Michael S. Scott and Randall I. Atlas
Designing Safe Gas Stations and Convenience Stores
CPTED Considerations for Office Buildings
Parking Lots and Garages
Landscape and Site Design
Designing Safe Green Spaces and Parks
Lighting Provides Choice
Security Lighting: Part 2
LEED, GREEN, and MEAN: Security versus Sustainability: Conflict or Compatibility; Randall I. Atlas, Valerie J. Amor, and Daniel O’Neill
Designing against Workplace Violence
Graphics, Signage, and Wayfinding for Security
Measuring Success; Randall I. Atlas and Gregory Saville
Fast Money or Fast Food: A CPTED Case Study; Randall I. Atlas
Implementing CPTED; Randall I. Atlas and Gregory Saville
Conducting a CPTED Survey; Randall I. Atlas
Randall I. Atlas, PhD, AIA, CPP, is president of Atlas Safety & Security Design, Inc., in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Dr. Atlas is a nationally recognized speaker, trainer, and writer on crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) and has worked in these capacities for the National Crime Prevention Institute (NCPI), the American Institute of Architects (AIA), and the American Society of Industrial Security (ASIS). Dr. Atlas is a certified protection professional (CPP) with ASIS and is a member and past chairman of the Security Architecture and Engineering Council (SAEC). He is a human factors and ergonomics expert and is a member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society and the Environmental Design Research Association (EDRA). He was a technical assistance consultant to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Drug Elimination Grant Program and has conducted numerous CPTED and infrastructure security audits throughout the United States. Dr. Atlas has contributed numerous articles to the Protection of Assets manual and Access Control & Security Systems, Security Technology & Design, Security Management, Door Hardware Institute, and Parking Today magazines.
Dr. Atlas serves on the National Fire Protection Association 730 Committee on Premises Security, has contributed to NFPA 730: Guide for Premises Security (NFPA, 2006–2012, Quincy, MA), and has served on the ASIS Physical Security Guidelines Committee, developing the Facility Physical Security Measures (2009) publication. Dr. Atlas serves on the American Society of Testing Materials (ASTM) technical committees F33 on Corrections and Detention Facilities, ASTM E54 Homeland Security Committee, F13 Pedestrian/Walkway Safety and Footwear, and F12 Committee on Security Systems and Equipment. He is a member of the International Society of Crime Prevention Practitioners; the International Association of Counterterrorism and Security Professionals; National Floor Safety Institute Standards Committee B101 Safety Requirements for Slip, Trip and Fall Prevention; Florida Design Out Crime; and United States Regional Board representative of the International CPTED Association. Dr. Atlas is certified in the Sandia Labs Risk Assessment Methodology RAM-W (Dams), RAM-T (Power) 2002; critical infrastructure and asset protection—ACAM and PCII, April 2010; antiterrorism specialist, Anti-Terrorism Accreditation Board, 2010; and is a certified master antiterrorism specialist, Anti-Terrorism Accreditation Board, 2010.
Dr. Atlas serves as an expert witness on many premises security cases and as an architectural consultant on large justice architecture projects. He received his doctorate in criminology from Florida State University, a master’s of architecture from the University of Illinois, and has bachelor degrees in architecture and criminal justice from the University of Florida and the University of South Florida, respectively.
Praise for the First Edition:
A major guide to CPTED takes up the cause of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design. … Each chapter has plenty of references and web links. … Arguably most important is one of the end chapters, on measuring success. … As it’s a hefty book, if well-aimed, it could knock some sense into the heads of builders and contractors.
—Mark Rowe, Professional Security Magazine