1st Edition

50 Landmark Papers Every Vascular and Endovascular Surgeon Should Know

Edited By Juan Carlos Jimenez, Samuel Eric Wilson Copyright 2021
    282 Pages
    by CRC Press

    282 Pages
    by CRC Press

    This book identifies the 50 key scientific articles in the field of vascular and endovascular surgery. It provides a commentary to each carefully selected paper and explains why these papers are so important, thus providing every surgeon with the foundation stones of knowledge in this fast-moving area.

    There has been an exponential increase in the volume and quality of published research relating to vascular and endovascular surgery in recent decades. Among thousands of articles, a small fraction is truly "game changing." Such studies form the foundations of vascular surgery today and the selection of papers within this book provide the 50 landmark papers every 21st-century vascular and endovascular surgeon needs to know.

    A valuable reference not only to the established surgeon, but also to vascular surgery residents and trainees, as well as to more experienced surgeons as they continue to learn new techniques and approaches and to improve their knowledge of vascular disorders and treatments. The papers provide an evidence-based resource for those surgeons preparing for professional exams and may inspire clinicians to produce new research.

    About the Editors

    Juan Carlos Jimenez MD, MBA

    Professor of Surgery

    Gonda (Goldschmied) Vascular Center

    David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA

    Los Angeles, California

    Samuel Eric Wilson, MD

    Distinguished Professor of Surgery and Chair Emeritus

    University of California Irvine

    Irvine, California


    1. North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial Collaborators, Barnett HJM, Taylor DW, Haynes RB, Sackett DL, Peerless SJ, Ferguson GG, Fox AJ, Rankin RN, Hachinski VC, Wiebers DO, Eliasziw M. Beneficial effect of carotid endarterectomy in symptomatic patients with high-grade carotid stenosis. N Engl J Med. 1991 Aug 15;325(7):445-53.

    Samuel Eric Wilson

    2. Brott TG, Hobson RW 2nd, Howard G, Roubin GS, Clark WM, Brooks W, Mackey A, Hill MD, Leimgruber PP, Sheffet AJ, Howard VJ, Moore WS, Voeks JH, Hopkins LN, Cutlip DE, Cohen DJ, Popma JJ, Ferguson RD, Cohen SN, Blackshear JL, Silver FL, Mohr JP, Lal BK, Meschia JF; CREST Investigators. Stenting versus endarterectomy for treatment of carotid-artery stenosis. N Engl J Med. 2010 Jul 1;363(1):11-23.

    Wesley S. Moore

    3. Michael D. Walker, MD; John R. Marler, MD; Murray Goldstein, DO, et al. Endarterectomy for Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis JAMA. 1995;273(18):1421-1428. doi:10.1001/jama.1995.03520420037035

    Wesley S. Moore

    4. Kashyap VS, King AH, Foteh MI, Janko M, Jim J, Motaganahalli RL, Apple JM, Bose S, Kumins NH. A multi-institutional analysis of transcarotid artery revascularization compared to carotid endarterectomy. J Vasc Surg. 2019 Jul;70(1):123-129. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.09.060. Epub 2019 Jan 6.

    Vikram S. Kashyap MD and Alex King

    Infrarenal Aortic Aneurysm.

    5. Lederle FA, Wilson SE, Johnson GR, Reinke DB, Littooy FN, Acher CW, Ballard DJ, Messina LM, Gordon IL, Chute EP, Krupski WC, Busuttil SJ, Barone GW, Sparks S, Graham LM, Rapp JH, Makaroun MS, Moneta GL, Cambria RA, Makhoul RG, Eton D, Ansel HJ, Freischlag JA, Bandyk D; Aneurysm Detection and Management Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study Group. Immediate repair compared with surveillance of small abdominal aortic aneurysms. 

    Samuel E. Wilson, Samuel P. Arnot and J. C. Jimenez

    6. Svensson LG, Crawford ES, Hess KR, Coselli JS, Safi HJ. Experience with 1509 patients undergoing thoracoabdominal aortic operations. J Vasc Surg. 1993 Feb;17(2):357-68; discussion 368-70.

    Harleen K. Sandhu; Charles C. Miller III; Anthony L. Estrera; Hazim J. Safi

    7. Oderich GS, Greenberg RK, Farber M, Lyden S, Sanchez L, Fairman R, Jia F, Bharadwaj P; Zenith Fenestrated Study Investigators. Results of the United States multicenter prospective study evaluating the Zenith fenestrated endovascular graft for treatment of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. J Vasc Surg. 2014 Dec;60(6):1420-8.e1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2014.08.061. Epub 2014 Sep 5.

    Gustavo Oderich and Emanuel Ramos Tenorio

    8. Lederle FA, Freischlag JA, Kyriakides TC, Padberg FT Jr, Matsumura JS, Kohler TR, Lin PH, Jean-Claude JM, Cikrit DF, Swanson KM, Peduzzi. Outcomes following endovascular vs open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a randomized trial PN; Open Versus Endovascular Repair (OVER) Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study Group. JAMA. 2009 Oct 14;302(14):1535-42. doi: 10.1001/jama.2009.1426.

    Julie Freischlag and Gabriela Velázquez

    9. Veith FJ, Lachat M, Mayer D, Malina M, Holst J, Mehta M, Verhoeven EL, Larzon T, Gennai S, Coppi G, Lipsitz EC, Gargiulo NJ, van der Vliet JA, Blankensteijn J, Buth J, Lee WA, Biasi G, Deleo G, Kasirajan K, Moore R, Soong CV, Cayne NS, Farber MA, Raithel D, Greenberg RK, van Sambeek MR, Brunkwall JS, Rockman CB, Hinchliffe RJ; RAAA Investigators. Collected world and single center experience with endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. Ann Surg. 2009 Nov;250(5):818-24.

    Frank Veith

    10. Estrera AL, Sandhu HK, Miller CC, Charlton-Ouw K, Nguyen TC, Afifi RO, Azizzadeh A, Safi HJ. Repair of extensive aortic aneurysms: a single-center experience using the elephant trunk technique over 20 years. Ann Surg. 2014 Sep;260(3):510-6; discussion 517-8.

    Ali Azizzadeh and Anthony Estrera

    11. Patel R, Sweeting MJ, Powell JT, Greenhalgh RM; EVAR trial investigators. Endovascular versus open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm in 15-years' follow-up of the UK endovascular aneurysm repair trial 1 (EVAR trial 1): a randomised controlled trial.

    Zoë Öhman, Fiona Rohlffs and Roger Greenhalgh

    12. van Schaik TG, Yeung KK, Verhagen HJ, de Bruin JL, van Sambeek MRHM, Balm R, Zeebregts CJ, van Herwaarden JA, Blankensteijn JD; DREAM trial participants. Long-term survival and secondary procedures after open or endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.J Vasc Surg. 2017 Nov;66(5):1379-1389.

    Karen Woo

    13. Mastracci TM, Eagleton MJ, Kuramochi Y, Bathurst S, Wolski K. Twelve-year results of fenestrated endografts for juxtarenal and group IV thoracoabdominal aneurysms.J Vasc Surg. 2015 Feb;61(2):355-64.

    Matthew Eagleton

    Aortic Dissection.

    14. Lou X, Duwayri YM, Chen EP, Jordan WD Jr, Forcillo J, Zehner CA, Leshnower BG. Predictors of Failure of Medical Management in Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection. Ann Thorac Surg. 2018 Oct 4. pii: S0003-4975(18)31355-9.

    William Jordan

    15. Ray HM, Durham CA, Ocazionez D, Charlton-Ouw KM, Estrera AL, Miller CC 3rd, Safi HJ, Azizzadeh A. Predictors of intervention and mortality in patients with uncomplicated acute type B aortic dissection. J Vasc Surg. 2016 Dec;64(6):1560-1568.

    Ray HM, Durham CA, Ocazionez D, Charlton-Ouw KM, Estrera AL, Miller CC 3rd, Safi HJ, Ali Azizzadeh

    16. Nienaber CA, Kische S, Rousseau H, Eggebrecht H, Rehders TC, Kundt G, Glass A, Scheinert D, Czerny M, Kleinfeldt T, Zipfel B, Labrousse L, Fattori R, Ince H; INSTEAD-XL trial. Endovascular repair of type B aortic dissection: long-term results of the randomized investigation of stent grafts in aortic dissection trial. Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2013 Aug;6(4):407-16.

    Jesus Ulloa and Justin Galovich

    17. Tjaden BL Jr, Sandhu H, Miller C, Gable D, Trimarchi S, Weaver F, Azizzadeh A. Outcomes from the Gore Global Registry for Endovascular Aortic Treatment in patients undergoing thoracic endovascular aortic repair for type B dissection. J Vasc Surg. 2018 Jun 22. pii: S0741-5214(18)30826-7.

    Fred Weaver and Gregory A. Magee

    Aorto-iliac Occlusive Disease.

    18. Palmaz JC, Garcia OJ, Schatz RA, Rees CR, Roeren T, Richter GM, Noeldge G, Gardiner GA Jr, Becker GJ, Walker C, et al. Placement of balloon-expandable intraluminal stents in iliac arteries: first 171 procedures. Radiology. 1990 Mar;174(3 Pt 2):969-75.

    Donald Baril

    19. Malone JM, Moore WS, Goldstone J. The natural history of bilateral aortofemoral bypass grafts for ischemia of the lower extremities. Arch Surg. 1975 Nov;110(11):1300-6.

    Jerry Goldstone

    20. Murphy TP, Cutlip DE, Regensteiner JG, Mohler ER 3rd, Cohen DJ, Reynolds MR, Massaro JM, Lewis BA, Cerezo J, Oldenburg NC, Thum CC, Jaff MR, Comerota AJ, Steffes MW, Abrahamsen IH, Goldberg S, Hirsch AT. Supervised exercise, stent revascularization, or medical therapy for claudication due to aortoiliac peripheral artery disease: the CLEVER study.J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Mar 17;65(10):999-1009. 

    Anthony Comerota

    21. Sharma G, Scully RE, Shah SK, Madenci AL, Arnaoutakis DJ, Menard MT, Ozaki CK, Belkin M. Thirty-year trends in aortofemoral bypass for aortoiliac occlusive disease.J Vasc Surg. 2018 Jul 9. pii: S0741-5214(18)30857-7.

    Michael Belkin and Gaurav Sharma

    Endovascular Management of Infrainguinal Occlusive Disease.

    22. DeRubertis BG, Faries PL, McKinsey JF, Chaer RA, Pierce M, Karwowski J, Weinberg A, Nowygrod R, Morrissey NJ, Bush HL, Kent KC. Shifting paradigms in the treatment of lower extremity vascular disease: a report of 1000 percutaneous interventions.Ann Surg. 2007 Sep;246(3):415-22; discussion 422-4.

    Brian Derubertis

    23. Dake MD, Ansel GM, Jaff MR, Ohki T, Saxon RR, Smouse HB, Machan LS, Snyder SA, O'Leary EE, Ragheb AO, Zeller T; Zilver PTX Investigators. Durable Clinical Effectiveness With Paclitaxel-Eluting Stents in the Femoropopliteal Artery: 5-Year Results of the Zilver PTX Randomized Trial.Circulation. 2016 Apr 12;133(15):1472-83; discussion 1483.

    Nina Bowens and Mark Archie

    24. Zeller T, Baumgartner I, Scheinert D, Brodmann M, Bosiers M, Micari A, Peeters P, Vermassen F, Landini M, Snead DB, Kent KC, Rocha-Singh KJ; IN.PACT DEEP Trial Investigators. Drug-eluting balloon versus standard balloon angioplasty for infrapopliteal arterial revascularization in critical limb ischemia: 12-month results from the IN.PACT DEEP randomized trial.J Am Coll Cardiol. 2014 Oct 14;64(15):1568-76

    Steven Tohmasi and Nii-Kabu Kabutey

    25. Adam DJ, Beard JD, Cleveland T, Bell J, Bradbury AW, Forbes JF, Fowkes FG, Gillepsie I, Ruckley CV, Raab G, Storkey H; BASIL trial participants. Bypass versus angioplasty in severe ischaemia of the leg (BASIL): multicentre, randomised controlled trial.Lancet. 2005 Dec 3;366(9501):1925-34.

    Rameen Moridzadeh and Peter Lawrence

    26. Veith FJ, Gupta SK, Ascer E, White-Flores S, Samson RH, Scher LA, Towne JB, Bernhard VM, Bonier P, Flinn WR, et al. Six-year prospective multicenter randomized comparison of autologous saphenous vein and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts in infrainguinal arterial reconstructions. J Vasc Surg. 1986 Jan;3(1):104-14. 

    Frank J. Veith, Neal S. Cayne, and Enrico Ascher

    27. Conte MS, Bandyk DF, Clowes AW, Moneta GL, Seely L, Lorenz TJ, Namini H, Hamdan AD, Roddy SP, Belkin M, Berceli SA, DeMasi RJ, Samson RH, Berman Results of PREVENT III: a multicenter, randomized trial of edifoligide for the prevention of vein graft failure in lower extremity bypass surgery.SS; PREVENT III Investigators.J Vasc Surg. 2006 Apr;43(4):742-751; discussion 751.

    Michael Conte

    28. Schanzer A, Hevelone N, Owens CD, Beckman JA, Belkin M, Conte MS. Statins are independently associated with reduced mortality in patients undergoing infrainguinal bypass graft surgery for critical limb ischemia. J Vasc Surg. 2008 Apr;47(4):774-781.

    Andres Schanzer and Hazel Marecki

    29. Shah DM1, Darling RC 3rd, Chang BB, Fitzgerald KM, Paty PS, Leather RP. Long-term results of in situ saphenous vein bypass. Analysis of 2058 cases. Ann Surg. 1995 Oct;222(4):438-46; discussion 446-8.

    R. Clement Darling III, Benjamin B. Chang, and Paul B. Kreienberg

    Visceral Occlusive Disease.

    30. Park WM, Gloviczki P, Cherry KJ Jr, Hallett JW Jr, Bower TC, Panneton JM, Schleck C, Ilstrup D, Harmsen WS, Noel AA. Contemporary management of acute mesenteric ischemia: Factors associated with survival. J Vasc Surg. 2002 Mar;35(3):445-52.

    Woosup M. Park and Peter Gloviczki

    31. Shukla AJ, Eid R, Fish L, Avgerinos E, Marone L, Makaroun M, Chaer RA. Contemporary outcomes of intact and ruptured visceral artery aneurysms. J Vasc Surg. 2015 Jun;61(6):1442-7.

    Rabih Chaer

    32. Stanley JC, Wakefield TW, Graham LM, Whitehouse WM Jr, Zelenock GB, Lindenauer SM. Clinical importance and management of splanchnic artery aneurysms. J Vasc Surg. 1986 May;3(5):836-40.

    Dawn Coleman

    Peripheral Artery Aneurysms.

    33. Shortell CK, DeWeese JA, Ouriel K, Green RM. Popliteal artery aneurysms: A 25-year surgical experience. 1991;14:771-779.

    Cynthia Shortell


    34. Nordon IM, Hinchliffe RJ, Brar R, Moxey P, Black SA, Thompson MM, Loftus IM. A prospective double-blind randomized controlled trial of radiofrequency versus laser treatment of the great saphenous vein in patients with varicose veins. Ann Surg. 2011 Dec;254(6):876-81.

    Thakshyanee Bhuvanakrishna and Ian Nordon

    35. Rollo JC, Farley SM, Oskowitz AZ, Woo K, DeRubertis BG. Contemporary outcomes after venography-guided treatment of patients with May-Thurner syndrome. J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2017 Sep;5(5):667-676.

    Brian Derubertis and Rameen Moridzadeh

    36. Todd KL 3rd, Wright DI; VANISH-2 Investigator Group. The VANISH-2 study: a randomized, blinded, multicenter study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of polidocanol endovenous microfoam 0.5% and 1.0% compared with placebo for the treatment of saphenofemoral junction incompetence. Phlebology. 2014 Oct;29(9):608-18. doi: 10.1177/0268355513497709. Epub 2013 Jul 17.

    Juan Carlos Jimenez

    Vascular Medicine.

    37. Ridker PM, Danielson E, Fonseca FAH, Genest J, Gotto AM, Kastelein JP, et al. Rosuvastatin to prevent vascular events in men and women with elevated C-reactive protein. N Engl J Med 2008;359:2195-2207.

    Juan Carlos Jimenez

    38. Parmar GM, Novak Z, Spangler E, Patterson M, Passman MA, Beck AW, Pearce BJ. Statin use improves limb salvage after intervention for peripheral arterial disease. J Vasc Surg. 2019 Aug;70(2):539-546. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.07.089. Epub 2019 Feb 2.

    Gaurav M. Parmar and Adam W. Beck

    39. Anand SS, Caron F, Eikelboom JW, Bosch J, Dyal L, Aboyans V, Abola MT, Branch KRH, Keltai K, Bhatt DL, Verhamme P, Fox KAA, Cook-Bruns N, Lanius V, Connolly SJ, Yusuf S. Major Adverse Limb Events and Mortality in Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease: The COMPASS Trial. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2018 May 22;71(20):2306-2315.

    Joe Pantoja and Karen Woo

    40. CAPRIE Steering Committee. A randomised, blinded, trial of clopidogrel versus aspirin in patients at risk of ischaemic events (CAPRIE). CAPRIE Steering Committee. Lancet. 1996 Nov 16;348(9038):1329-39.

    Rhusheet Patel and Jessica O’ Connell

    Miscellaneous Topics.

    41. Chung J, Modrall JG, Ahn C, Lavery LA, Valentine RJ. Multidisciplinary care improves amputation-free survival in patients with chronic critical limb ischemia. J Vasc Surg. 2015 Jan;61(1):162-9. 

    Jayer Chung

    42. Stanley JC, Criado E, Upchurch GR Jr, Brophy PD, Cho KJ, Rectenwald JE; Michigan Pediatric Renovascular Group, Kershaw DB, Williams DM, Berguer R, Henke PK, Wakefield TW. Pediatric renovascular hypertension: 132 primary and 30 secondary operations in 97 children. J Vasc Surg. 2006 Dec;44(6):1219-28; discussion 1228-9. Epub 2006 Oct 20.)

    Dawn Coleman

    43. Reilly LM, Ammar AD, Stoney RJ, Ehrenfeld WK. Late results following operative repair for celiac artery compression syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 1985 Jan;2(1):79-91.

    Juan Carlos Jimenez

    44. Quiñones-Baldrich WJ, Panetta TF, Vescera CL, Kashyap VS. Repair of type IV thoracoabdominal aneurysm with a combined endovascular and surgical approach.J Vasc Surg. 1999 Sep;30(3):555-60.

    William J Quinones-Baldrich and Meena Archie

    45. Klausner JQ, Lawrence PF, Harlander-Locke MP, Coleman DM, Stanley JC, Fujimura N; Vascular Low-Frequency Disease Consortium. The contemporary management of renal artery aneurysms. J Vasc Surg. 2015 Apr;61(4):978-84. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2014.10.107. Epub 2014 Dec 20.

    Peter Lawrence and Dawn Coleman

    46. Mills JL Sr, Conte MS, Armstrong DG, Pomposelli FB, Schanzer A, Sidawy AN, Andros G; Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Guidelines Committee. The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Threatened Limb Classification System: risk stratification based on wound, ischemia, and foot infection (WIfI). J Vasc Surg. 2014 Jan;59(1):220-34.e1-2.

    Joe Mills

    47. Kreienberg PB, Chang BB, Darling RC 3rd, Roddy SP, Paty PS, Lloyd WE, Cohen D, Stainken B, Shah DM. Long-term results in patients treated with thrombolysis, thoracic inlet decompression, and subclavian vein stenting for Paget-Schroetter syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2001 Feb;33(2 Suppl):S100-5.

    Clement Darling and Paul B. Kreienberg

    48. Rigberg DA, Zingmond DS, McGory ML, Maggard MA, Agustin M, Lawrence PF, Ko CY. Age stratified, perioperative, and one-year mortality after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a statewide experience. J Vasc Surg. 2006 Feb;43(2):224-9.

    David Rigberg and Mark Ajalat

    49. Gelabert HA, Rigberg DA, O'Connell JB, Jabori S, Jimenez JC, Farley S. Transaxillary decompression of thoracic outlet syndrome patients presenting with cervical ribs. J Vasc Surg. 2018 Oct;68(4):1143-1149. doi: 10.1016/j.jvs.2018.01.057. Epub 2018 Apr 25.

    Hugh Gelabert

    50. Cooper CJ, Murphy TP, Cutlip DE, Jamerson K, Henrich W, Reid DM, Cohen DJ, Matsumoto AH, Steffes M, Jaff MR, Prince MR, Lewis EF, Tuttle KR, Shapiro JI, Rundback JH, Massaro JM, D'Agostino RB Sr, Dworkin LD; CORAL Investigators. Stenting and medical therapy for atherosclerotic renal-artery stenosis. N Engl J Med. 2014 Jan 2;370(1):13-22. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1310753. Epub 2013 Nov 18.

    Tristen Chung and Steven Farley


    Juan Carlos Jimenez MD, MBA, Professor of Surgery, Gonda (Goldschmied) Vascular Center, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California

    Samuel Eric Wilson, MD, Distinguished Professor of Surgery and Chair Emeritus, University of California Irvine, Irvine, California