A Century of X-Rays and Radioactivity in Medicine: With Emphasis on Photographic Records of the Early Years celebrates three great discoveries-x-rays (1895), radioactivity (1896), and radium (1898)-and recalls the pioneering achievements that founded the new science of radiology and changed the face of medicine forever. Over 700 historical illustrations with full and informative captions are supported by short introductory essays to illuminate the fascinating radiological past in an easy-to-read style.
The focus of this book is on the historically more interesting early years of discovery, invention, diagnosis, therapy, dosimetry, risk, and protection. Interspersed with a variety of radiological anecdotes, the photographic record is complemented by archival accounts of the pioneer scientists and physicians and their early patients. In the chapters on diagnostic techniques, radiotherapy, and nuclear medicine, the author contrasts old methods with newer technologies. He also includes two fascinating chapters on museum and industrial applications of radiography. The book is comprehensively indexed for easy retrieval of the wide variety of people, techniques, apparatus, and examples featured throughout this radiological journey.
Table of Contents
Discovery of x-rays: Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen. Discovery of radioactivity and radium: Henri Becquerel and Marie Curie. Early days of x-rays and radium: Diagnosis, therapy and experiment. The first radiological journal 1896 - 1899. Gas tubes 1895 - 1913. Spark coils and interruptors. Hot cathode x-ray tubes: William Coolidge and thermionic emission. Military radiography. Animal radiography. Diagnostic radiology. Paintings and museum artefacts. Industrial applications. External beam radiotherapy. Brachytherapy. Nuclear medicine. Radiation units and quantities and radiation measurement. Radiation risks and radiation protection.