1st Edition

A Comparative Typology of English and German Unifying the Contrasts

By John Hawkins Copyright 1986
    262 Pages
    by Routledge

    266 Pages
    by Routledge

    First published in 1986, this book draws together analyses of English and German. It defines the contrasts and similarities between the two languages and, in particular, looks at the question of whether contrasts in one area of the grammar is systematically related to contrasts in another, and whether there is any ‘directionality’ or unity to contrast throughout grammar as a whole. It is suggested that there is, and that English and German can serve as a case study for a more general typology of languages than we now have.

    This volume will be of interest to a wide range of linguists, including students of Germanic languages; language typologists; generative grammarians attempting to ‘fix the parameters’ on language variation;’ historical linguists; and applied linguists.



    Part One: An Overview of Some English/German Contrasts 

    1. Introduction: the Theoretical Interest of English/German Contrasts  

    2. Grammatical Morphology  

    3. Word Order Freedom 

    4. Basic Grammatical relations and their Semantic Diversity 

    5. Raising Structures 

    6. Extractions  

    7. Deletions  

    8. The Unity of English/German Contrasts: A Realignment in the Mapping between Form and Meaning 

    Part Two: The Position of the Verb in English and German 

    9. Verb-final Order in German 

    10. Leaking Behing the Verb in German

    11. Verb-first Structures in English and German 

    Overview and Further Prospects 





    Hawkins, John