1st Edition

A Debate on God and Morality What is the Best Account of Objective Moral Values and Duties?

    246 Pages
    by Routledge

    246 Pages
    by Routledge

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    In 2018, William Lane Craig and Erik J. Wielenberg participated in a debate at North Carolina State University, addressing the question: "God and Morality: What is the best account of objective moral values and duties?" Craig argued that theism provides a sound foundation for objective morality whereas atheism does not. Wielenberg countered that morality can be objective even if there is no God. This book includes the full debate, as well as endnotes with extended discussions that were not included in the debate. It also includes five chapters by other philosophers who have written substantive responses to the debate - J. P. Moreland, David Baggett, Mark Linville, Wes Morriston, and Michael Huemer. The book provides crucial resources for better understanding moral realism and its dependence on, or independence from, theistic foundations.  

    Key Features

    • A valuable debate about whether or not God is the best explanation for objective morality, bringing together theists and atheists working on the same subject who normally are not in conversation with each other.
    • Includes clear coverage of ontological and epistemological issues in metaethical theories, focusing on Divine Command Theory and Non-natural Robust Moral Realism.
    • Engaging and accessible throughout, making the book well suited for undergraduate and seminary classrooms.

    1. Introduction  Adam Lloyd Johnson

    Part I: The Debate

    2. Opening Speech  William Lane Craig

    3. Opening Speech  Erik J. Wielenberg

    4. First Rebuttal  William Lane Craig

    5. First Rebuttal  Erik J. Wielenberg

    6. Second Rebuttal  William Lane Craig

    7. Second Rebuttal  Erik J. Wielenberg

    8. Closing Statement  William Lane Craig

    9. Closing Statement  Erik Wielenberg

    10. Questions and Answers  William Lane Craig, Erik J. Wielenberg, and Adam Lloyd Johnson

    Part II: Responses to the Debate

    11. Wielenberg and Emergence: Borrowed Capital on the Cheap  J. P. Moreland

    12. Does Morality Have a Theological Foundation?  Wesley Morriston

    13. Psychopathy and Supererogation  David Baggett

    14. Groundless Morals  Michael Huemer

    15. Darwin, Duties, and the Demiurge  Mark Linville

    Part III: Final Remarks

    16. Final Remarks  William Lane Craig

    17. Final Remarks  Erik J. Wielenberg



    Erik J. Wielenberg is Professor of Philosophy at DePauw University and is the author of Value and Virtue in a Godless Universe (2005), God and the Reach of Reason: C.S. Lewis, David Hume, and Bertrand Russell (2007); and Robust Ethics: The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Godless Normative Realism (2014).

    William Lane Craig is Professor of Philosophy at the Talbot School of Theology and Houston Baptist University. He has authored or edited more than forty books, including, Divine Foreknowledge and Human Freedom (1990), Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology (with Quentin Smith, 1995), The Kalam Cosmological Argument (2000), God, Time, and Eternity (2001), and God Over All (2016).


    Adam Lloyd Johnson is a Ph.D. student at Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary.


    P. Moreland, David Baggett, Mark Linville, Wes Morriston, and Michael Huemer