1st Edition

A Discourse Analysis of Corruption Instituting Neoliberalism Against Corruption in Albania, 1998-2005

By Blendi Kajsiu Copyright 2015

    Why did Albania enjoy some of the most successful anti-corruption programs and institutions along with what appeared to be growing levels of corruption during the period 1998-2005? Looking at corruption through a post-structuralist discourse analysis perspective this book argues that the dominant corruption discourse in Albania served primarily to institute the neoliberal order rather than eliminate corruption. It did so in four interrelated ways. First, blaming every Albanian failure on corruption avoided a critical engagement with the existing neoliberal developmental model. Second, the dominant articulation of corruption as abuse of public office for private gain consigned it to the public sector, transforming neoliberal policies of privatisation and expanding markets into anticorruption measures. Third, international anticorruption campaigns reproduced an asymmetric relationship of dependency between Albania and the international institutions that monitored it by articulating corruption as internal to the Albanian condition. Finally, against corruption international and local actors could articulate a neoliberal order that was free of internal contradictions and fully compatible with democratization. As a rare example of post-structuralist discourse analysis of corruption this book can be useful for future research on discourses of corruption in other countries of the region and beyond.

    Introduction The Corruption Paradox in Albania; Chapter 1 Limitations of Corruption Analysis; Chapter 2 A Discourse Analysis of Corruption: A Theoretical Framework; Chapter 3 1 Most of the analysis in this chapter is based on data collected from the transcripts of Albanian parliamentary sessions for the years 1991–2006. The transcripts are organized on a yearly basis. They contain everything that has been said in the Albanian parliamentary sessions each year from 1991 until 2006. The transcripts do not include discussions of the parliamentary committees. I secured these transcripts in electronic form, from the Office of Publications in the Albanian Parliament. For a copy of these transcripts please contact the author at [email protected]; Chapter 4 International Intervention: Fixing the Meaning of Corruption, 1998–2005; Chapter 5 The International Politics of Anti-Corruption: Instituting Neoliberal Order; Chapter 6 Corruption Discourse in the Albanian Political Scene, 1998–2005; Chapter 7 Sustaining Neoliberalism against Corruption; Chapter 8 Conclusion: Instituting Neoliberal Order through the Discourse of Corruption;


    Blendi Kajsiu is lecturer at the University of New York in Tirana, Albania. He holds a Ph.D. in Ideology and Discourse Analysis from the University of Essex, United Kingdom. His research has appeared in journals such as East European Politics and Societies (EEPS), Nationalities Papers, and Südosteuropa.

    ’In post-communist Albania, anti-corruption reforms produced what the World Bank once called the best public administration institutions in the region, yet Albania is still considered one of the most corrupt states in Europe. Kajsiu’s book resolves this apparent paradox by convincingly showing that the discourse of corruption has less to do with sanctioning illegal behavior and more with politically legitimizing far-reaching, market-based reforms.’ Besnik Pula, Princeton University, USA ’Anti-corruption discourses have long been at the centre of both academic debates and policy proposals in the Western Balkans. Focusing on the case of Albania, Kajsiu's excellent book offers a lucidly argued and sophisticated critique of the way in which such discourses have served to legitimise a neo-liberal order detrimental to an authentic renewal of the democratic public spirit. Those seeking to understand the pathologies of politics in the region will have a great deal to learn.’ Lea Ypi, London School of Economics and Political Science, UK