A Ditadura Militar e a Governança da Água no Brasil (The Military Dictatorship and Water Governance in Brazil): Ideologia, Poderes Político-Econômico e Sociedade Civil na Construção das Hidrelétricas de Grande Porte (The Role of Ideology, Political-Economic Power and Civil Society in the Construction of Large Hydropower Dams), 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

A Ditadura Militar e a Governança da Água no Brasil (The Military Dictatorship and Water Governance in Brazil)

Ideologia, Poderes Político-Econômico e Sociedade Civil na Construção das Hidrelétricas de Grande Porte (The Role of Ideology, Political-Economic Power and Civil Society in the Construction of Large Hydropower Dams), 1st Edition

By Fernanda de Souza Braga

CRC Press

226 pages

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Paperback: 9780367498757
pub: 2020-05-08
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Description

In recent decades there has been an exponential increase in large hydroelectric plants in Brazil, especially in the Amazon region. These large hydraulic structures impact the environment and the lives of people living in the places where they settle and require a special type of water governance.

The dictatorial regime (1964-1985) created a "standard" for the construction of these great structures, through an institutional and legal framework, which benefited the Brazilian business elite but also, through the creation of a popular imagination, which shows itself lasting progress on the country's progress and development. The suspension of security, the fragility of institutional environmental structures, the disrespect for indigenous reserves, the lack of clarity about the concept of "affected population" and the non-payment of fair compensation were identified as one of the main challenges for a democratic water governance in the country.

In the late 1970s, the Dam-Affected Movement (MAB) began its organization and is also studied in this research.

The study is an important and insightful academic contribution to the understanding of the main bottlenecks of effective water governance in Brazil.

Table of Contents

1 GOVERNANÇA DA ÁGUA: DISCURSO, PODER E IDEOLOGIA NA CONSTRUÇÃO DAS GRANDES ESTRUTURAS HIDRÁULICAS

1.1 – GOVERNANÇA DA ÁGUA

1.2 – DISCURSO, PODER E INFRAESTRUTURA

2 A CONSTITUIÇÃO DO SETOR ELÉTRICO: UMA CONSTELAÇÃO DE PODER COM IMPACTO NAS DECISÕES SOBRE O USO DOS RECURSOS HÍDRICOS

2.1 – A CONSTITUIÇÃO DO SETOR HIDRELÉTRICO NO BRASIL EM PERSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA: DA COMISSÃO DE ESTUDOS DAS FORÇAS HIDRÁULICAS (1924) À ELETROBRÁS (1962)

2.2 – ESTRUTURA INSTITUCIONAL DO SETOR ELÉTRICO NO PERÍODO MILITAR

CONCLUSÃO

3 AS POLÍTICAS DO ESTADO E A CONSTRUÇÃO DAS HIDRELÉTRICAS DE GRANDE PORTE DURANTE O REGIME MILITAR: ESTUDO DE CASO DAS UHES TUCURUÍ, BALBINA E BELO MONTE

3.1 – GESTÃO DAS ÁGUAS NO BRASIL

3.2 – TRÊS ESTUDOS DE CASO: TUCURUÍ, BALBINA E BELO MONTE

CONCLUSÃO

4 CONTROLE DA INFORMAÇÃO E LEGITIMAÇÃO DAS HIDRELÉTRICAS DE GRANDE PORTE POR MEIO DA PROPAGANDA GOVERNAMENTAL E COMERCIAL

4.1 – ARQUIVOS CONFIDENCIAIS: SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INFORMAÇÕES

4.2 – “ESTE CINEMA NÃO ANUNCIA UM ESPETÁCULO GRANDIOSO”. AGÊNCIA NACIONAL: A FIGURA DO PRESIDENTE E O DESENVOLVIMENTO NACIONAL

4.3 – “O BRASIL QUE OS BRASILEIROS ESTÃO FAZENDO”: AS ASSESSORIAS DE RELAÇÕES PÚBLICAS DA PRESIDÊNCIA DA REPÚBLICA

4.4 – “GOVERNAR É COMUNICAR”: A GRANDE IMPRENSA E OS PROJETOS DAS USINAS HIDRELÉTRICAS DE GRANDE PORTE

4.5 “CONTINUAMOS A CONTRIBUIR PARA O PROGRESSO DO NOSSO PAÍS”: PUBLICIDADE EMPRESARIAL E IDEOLOGIA

CONCLUSÃO

5 AS MANIFESTAÇÕES DA SOCIEDADE CIVIL E AS USINAS HIDRELÉTRICAS DE GRANDE PORTE

5.1 – A QUESTÃO DA TERRA E OS GRANDES PROJETOS HIDRELÉTRICOS

5.2 – “TERRA SIM! BARRAGEM NÃO! ” – O MOVIMENTO DOS ATINGIDOS POR BARRAGENS (MAB) COMO UMA DECLARAÇÃO DAS CONTRADIÇÕES GERADAS PELA LÓGICA DESENVOLVIMENTISTA E DESIGUAL

CONCLUSÃO

CONSIDERAÇÕES FINAIS

REFERÊNCIAS

JORNAIS E REVISTAS

FILMES E VÍDEOS

LEGISLAÇÃO

DOCUMENTOS DO ARQUIVO NACIONAL

SUMMARY

About the Author

Fernanda de Souza Braga is a Brazilian researcher working in the water sector since 2009, both in government and in NGO roles. Fernada has been a counsellor in River Basin Committees in Brazil for the past 5 years, and has experience in teaching and education. Her background includes a Master’s degree in Geography.

About the Series

IHE Delft PhD Thesis Series

IHE Delft PhD programme leads to a deepening of a field of specialisation. PhD fellows do scientific research, often with conclusions that directly influence their region. At IHE Delft, PhD researchers from around the world participate in problem-focused and solution-oriented research on development issues, resulting in an inspiring research environment. PhD fellows work together with other researchers from many countries dealing with topics related to water and the environment.

PhD research is often carried out in the ‘sandwich’ model. Preparation and final reporting – the first and last portion of the programme – are carried out in Delft, while actual research is done in the fellow’s home country, under co-supervision of a local institute. Regular contacts with the promotor are maintained through visits and long-distance communication. This enables researchers to employ solutions directly to problems in their geographical region.

IHE Delft PhD degrees are awarded jointly with a university. The degrees are highly valued and fully recognised in all parts of the world.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC010030
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / Water Supply