1st Edition

A History of Pre-Cinema V2

Edited By Stephen Herbert Copyright 2000

    A History of Pre-Cinema Volume 2 (and volumes 1 and 3) cover the optical devices used for entertainment and instruction that proliferated before the introduction of cinema. Volume 2 is divided into the following sections: Peepshows; The Panorama; The Diorama; Magic Mirrors; Shadowplay; Magic Lanterns; Pepper's Ghost; Recreative Science; Various Optical Devices.

    Part 1: Peepshows, Panoramas and Dioramas 1. Picture Book for Little Children, extract, The Religious Tract Society n.d. 2. 'Cosmorama', Literary Gazette 19 May 1821/12 January 1822 3. 'Fuhrmann's Revolving Streoscopic Panorama' English Mechanic and World of Science 28 Setpember 1888 4. 'Edison's Invention of the Kineto-Phonograph' Antonia and W. K. L. Dickson, The Century June 1894 5. Description of the View of Naples and Surrounding cenery, now Exhibiting in Henry Aston Barker and J. Burford's Panorama Strand...(pamphlet plus fold-out panorama) 1821 6. Description of a view of the Ruins of the City of Pompeii...now Exhibiting in the Panorama, Strand... by Mr Burford (pamphlet plus fold-out panorama) 1826 7. 'Interior of the Colosseum' The Mirror 14 February 1829 8. 'The Colosseum' Penny Magazine (Monthly Supplement) 28 February-31 March 1833 9. 'Panorama of Milan' The Mirror 16 June 1832 10. 'Panorama of Stirling' The Mirror 15 December 1832 11. 'Burford's Panorama [View of Mago Maggiore] The Mirror 30 July 1836 12. 'Panoramas' Chambers' Journal of Popular Literature 21 January 1860 13. 'Panorama Skit' from Bunkum Entertainments Robert Ganthony (L. Upcott Gill, n.d.) 14. ' A Panorama Party: And How to Make it a Success' The New Penny Magazine December 1901 15. 'The Eidophusikon Illustrated' Sybil Rosenfled, Theatre Notebook 1963/4 16. 'The Eidophusikon' Ralph G. Allen, Theatre Design and Technology 1966 17. 'The Diorama, Pharos' Mechanic's Magazine 1824 18. 'View of Roslyn Chapel, at the Diorama' The Mirror 4 March 1826 19. 'Diorama, Ruins in a Fog' The Mirror 30 June 1827 20. 'Diorama, Regent's Park' The Mirror 29 March 1828 21. 'Diorama, Regent's Park' Village of Unterseen, Switzerland, The Mirror 19 April 1828 22. 'The Diorama' Magazine of Science 4 July 1840 23. 'Diorama, Notre Dame' The Mirror 15 June 1844 24. Optical Illusion in Examining a Dioramic Picture' Edinburgh Journal of Science 1826 25. 'Moving (Dioramic) Experiences' All the Year Round 23 March 1867 26. 'Description of a Portable Diorama', On Producing The Effect of Fog in a Portable Diorama' and 'Description of a Portable Diorama which may be viewed by a number of persons at a time' George Tait, Transactions of the Royal Scottish Society of Arts 1844 Part 2: Mirror Projection, Shadows, Magic Lanterns 27. ' The Magic Mirror of Japan' W. E. Ayrton and John Perry, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London 1878 28. 'Chinese Shadows in Algiers - The Garagousse Pictorial Times 7 January 1846 29. 'The Forerunner of the Movies' Brander Matthews, The Century April 1914 30. Proposal for Improving the Phantamagoria' William Ritchie, Edinburgh Journal of Science 1826 31. Fun for Winter Evenings; containing descriptives dialogues for the slides, and full directions for exhibiting the Phantasmagoria Francis West (J. Harris 1833) 32. 'Magic Lanthorn and Phantasmagoria' Magazine of Science 20 April/4 May 1839 33. 'Moveable Magic Lanthorn Sliders', Magazine of Science 7 December 1839 34. 'Chinese, or Artificial Fire-Works', Magazine of Science 21 December 1839 35. 'The Oxy-Hydrogen Microscope' Magazine of Science 2 January 1841 36. 'Objects for the Oxy-Hydrogen Microscope' Magazine of Science 20 March 1841 37. 'Dissolving Views' The Mirror 12 February 1842 38. 'Dissolving Views' (concluded) The Mirror 19 February 1842 39. 'Optical Magic of our Age' Chambers' Edinburgh Journal 28 April 1849 40. 'Scenes in a Magic Lantern' J. S. Coyne, Illustrated London News 25 December 1858 41. The Art of Transparent Painting on Glass for the Magic Lantern Edward Groom (Windsor and Newton n. d. c. 1865) 42. ' How to Get up a Magic Lantern Exhibition' J. Martin Photographic News 10 January 1873 43. The Magic Lantern Manual W. J. Chadwick (Frederick Warne & Co. c. 1878) 44. Lilly's Magic Lantern, Mrs Sale Barker (Routledge 1880) 45. 'The Magic Lantern (for Beginners)' Hobbies 1896/7 46. 'Lantern Projections in Natural Colours' Albert W. Scott, British Journal of Photography 22 May 1891 47. ' Sentiment to Order' Philip Reynolds, Harmsworth Magazine November 1900 48. On an Apparatus for exhibiting optical illusions, including spectral phenomena, Henry Dircks, The Engineer 1 October 1858 49. 'Professor Pepper's Ghost' George Speaight, Theatre Notebook Vol 43, 1899 Part 3: Various Optical Devices and EffectsRecreative Science: A Selection of Pieces from The Popular Educator Vols 5 & 6, c. 1880s 50. 'Reflecting Tube and other Optical Contrivances' 51. ' Magic Designer, Distorted Portraits, Blue Beard's Closet' 53. 'Amusing Effects of Refraction, Dissolving Views' 54. 'The Shooting Star, an Illustration of Persistence of Vision, imitation of this natural effect by Pilkington's Toy, and the Astrometroscope' 55. 'The Astrometroscope', 'The Thamatrope', 'The |Pdemascope' 56. 'The Coour-Top, invented after Mr Rose's optical contrivance call the Kalotrope' 57. 'Rose's Kalotrope, Pilkington's simple form of the Kalotrope and Photodrome, King's Oxy-hydrogen Colour Top Movement' 58. 'The Phenakistiscope, Beale's Automatic Face, the Wheel Animalcule' 59. 'The Wheel Animalcule, Beale's Dancing Skeleton'.


    Stephen Herbert trained as a media technician, and spent many years in film exhibition and production. His interest in the origins of the moving image led to Stephen co-editing the influential book and website Who’s Who of Victorian Cinema, and contributions to academic journals. He ran the small press The Projection Box, and has recently retired as a freelance museum consultant.

    'This three volume set is a unique fascimile set of rare documents on "Time Based" Visual Media. The books concentrate on items published beforde the spread of cinema and later references to devices of that period. Priority is given to documents that are rare and/or difficult to consult. For this, the set has great value for researchers by giving insight on vintage documents dating back to the period before the dawn of cinematography & cinema' - Early Visual Media.