A History of the Muslim World since 1260: The Making of a Global Community, 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

A History of the Muslim World since 1260

The Making of a Global Community, 2nd Edition

By Vernon O Egger

Routledge

578 pages

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Description

A History of the Muslim World since 1260 continues the narrative begun by A History of the Muslim World to 1750 by tracing the development of Muslim societies, institutions, and doctrines from the time of the Mongol conquests through to the present day. It offers students a balanced coverage of Muslim societies that extend from Western Europe to Southeast Asia. Whereas it presents a multifaceted examination of Muslim cultures, it focuses on analysing the interaction between the expression of faith and contemporary social conditions.

This extensively updated second edition is now in full colour, and the chronology of the book has been extended to include recent developments in the Muslim world. The images and maps have also been refreshed, and the literature has been updated to include the latest research from the last 10 years, including sections dedicated to the roles and status of women within Muslim societies throughout history.

Divided chronologically into three parts and accompanied by a detailed glossary, A History of the Muslim World since 1260 is a perfect introduction for all students of the history of Muslim societies.

Reviews

'Assimilating so many centuries, countries and communities together, especially following the invasions by the Mongols and the Crusaders is a daunting proposition. Egger has accomplished it and to a high quality. Information on Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, often ignored or found on the margins in historical accounts, is certainly comprehensive here. Students, as well as a general readership, will be able to relate to the various phases, challenges, and dynamics of Muslim societies.'

Iftikhar H. Malik, Bath Spa University, UK

Table of Contents

Introduction: The Making of a Civilization 610-1260

PART ONE MONGOL HEGEMONY, 1260–1405

CHAPTER 1 THE GREAT TRANSFORMATION

The Mongol Khanates

The Qipchaq Khanate

The Il-khanate

The Chaghatay Khanate

New Centers of Islamic Culture

The Mamluk Empire

The Delhi Sultanate

The Ottoman Sultanate

Scourges

Plague

Timur Lang

Conclusion

CHAPTER 2 UNITY AND DIVERSITY IN ISLAMIC TRADITIONS

Intellectual Life in the Fourteenth Century

The End of the "Golden Age"?

Against All Odds

Law

The Queen of the Sciences

The "Closing of the Gate of Ijtihad"?

The Varieties of Religious Expression

"Orthodoxy" and "Heterodoxy"

The Proliferation of Sufi Groups

Conclusion

PART TWO MUSLIM ASCENDANCY, 1405–1750

CHAPTER 3 THE CENTRAL MUSLIM LANDS

The Ottoman Empire

The Creation of an Empire

Society

The State

The Economy

Culture

From Dominance to Parity

The Arabian Peninsula

The Holy Cities

Yemen and Oman

The Eurasian Steppes

Conclusion

CHAPTER 4 THE UMMA IN THE WEST

The Iberian Peninsula

Mudejars

Granada

Moriscos

The Maghrib

The Land

The Berber States

Crusaders, Corsairs, and Janissaries

The Regencies

Alawite Morocco

The Sudan

Trans-Saharan Trade

The Islamization of the Western and Central Sudan

The Islamization of the Eastern Sudan

The Intensification of the Slave Trade

Islam in the Sudan

Conclusion

CHAPTER 5 CENTRAL ASIA AND IRAN

Central Asia

The Timurids

The Uzbek Khanate

The Islamization of Central Asia

Iran

The Nizaris Regroup

The Safavids: A Militant Sufi Order

The First Twelver Shi‘ite Empire

The Apocalypse Postponed

Society

The State

The Decline of Tariqa Sufism in Iran

The Economy

Culture

The End of an Empire

Conclusion

CHAPTER 6 SOUTH ASIA

South Asia after the Delhi Sultanate

Southern and Central South Asia

The Indo–Gangetic Plain

Islam in South Asia

Patterns of Muslim Influence

South Asian Sufism

An Isma‘ili Revival

The Timurids in South Asia: The Mughals

The Formation of the Mughal Empire

Society

The State

The Economy

Culture

The End of Imperial Rule

Conclusion

CHAPTER 7 THE INDIAN OCEAN BASIN

A Muslim Lake

The East Coast of Africa

Berbera and the Land of the Zanj

The Impact of Imperialism

Kerala

The Land of Pepper

The Impact of Imperialism

Southeast Asia

The Malayo–Polynesian Lands

Muslims Establish a Presence in Southeast Asia

The Impact of Imperialism

The Appeal of a Universal Faith

A Loss of Dynamism

Conclusion

PART THREE THE WORLD TURNED UPSIDE DOWN, 1750–PRESENT

CHAPTER 8 REFORM AND RENEWAL, 1750–1875

Developments within Twelver Shi‘ism

The Growth of Mujtahid Authority

Twelver Ritual Life

Sunni Reform Movements

A Search for First Principles

Jihad Movements

European Intervention and Annexation

South Asia

Southeast Asia

The Indian Ocean Basin

The Caucasus and Central Asia

North Africa

Governmental Responses to External Threats

The Ottoman Empire

Iran

Cultural Fragmentation

Conclusion

CHAPTER 9 THE LOSS OF SOVEREIGNTY: 1875–1920

European Imperialism, 1875–1914

The Balkans

North and West Africa

The Western Indian Ocean

Central Asia and Iran

Southeast Asia

Imperial Rule

Encounters with Tradition

Movements of Political and Social Reform

Movements of Religious Reform and Renewal

The Great War

Conclusion

CHAPTER 10 THE INTERWAR YEARS, 1920–1939

Independent Muslim States

The Republic of Turkey

The Pahlavi Monarchy of Iran

States in the Arabian Peninsula

The Kingdom of Afghanistan

Muslim Minorities in the USSR

Nationalist Movements

North Africa

The Eastern Arab World

South Asia

Southeast Asia

Islamic Movements

The Muslim Brothers

Abu’l A‘la Mawdudi

Tablighi Jama‘at

Indonesian Religious Organizations

Women’s Issues

Conclusion

CHAPTER 11 REGAINING SOVEREIGNTY, 1939–1970

World War II

The Middle East

Southeast Asia

Africa

South Asia

Formal Independence

The 1940s

The 1950s

The 1960s and 1970s

Muslim Minorities in the USSR and China

Disillusionment with Secular Nationalism

Pakistan

Indonesia

Iran

The Arab World

Turkey

Voices of Urgency

Conclusion

CHAPTER 12 NEW DIRECTIONS, 1970–PRESENT

The Watershed Years

The Arab World

Iran

Afghanistan

Responding to the Divine Imperative: Political Islam

Egypt

Tunisia

Turkey

Responding to the Divine Imperative: A Revival of Jihad

Jihad as the Means to Implement an Islamic State

Jihad as National Liberation

Global Jihad

Twenty-First-Century Challenges and Opportunities

A Siege Mentality

A Crisis of Religious Authority

Whither Islamism?

Economic and Social Issues

New Frontiers

Conclusion

Glossary

Index

About the Author

Vernon O. Egger is Professor Emeritus of Middle Eastern and Islamic History at Georgia Southern University. His other books include A History of the Muslim World to 1750 and A Fabian in Egypt: Salamah Musa and the Rise of the Professional Classes in Egypt, 1909–1939.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS010000
HISTORY / Europe / General
HIS026000
HISTORY / Middle East / General
HIS037000
HISTORY / World
HIS037010
HISTORY / Medieval
HIS037030
HISTORY / Modern / General
HIS037040
HISTORY / Modern / 17th Century
HIS037050
HISTORY / Modern / 18th Century
HIS037060
HISTORY / Modern / 19th Century
HIS037070
HISTORY / Modern / 20th Century
HIS037080
HISTORY / Modern / 21st Century
HIS037090
HISTORY / Modern / 16th Century