A Material History of Medieval and Early Modern Ciphers : Cryptography and the History of Literacy book cover
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A Material History of Medieval and Early Modern Ciphers
Cryptography and the History of Literacy





ISBN 9781138244641
Published September 21, 2017 by Routledge
298 Pages 22 B/W Illustrations

 
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Book Description

The first cultural history of early modern cryptography, this collection brings together scholars in history, literature, music, the arts, mathematics, and computer science who study ciphering and deciphering from new materialist, media studies, cognitive studies, disability studies, and other theoretical perspectives. Essays analyze the material forms of ciphering as windows into the cultures of orality, manuscript, print, and publishing, revealing that early modern ciphering, and the complex history that preceded it in the medieval period, not only influenced political and military history but also played a central role in the emergence of the capitalist media state in the West, in religious reformation, and in the scientific revolution. Ciphered communication, whether in etched stone and bone, in musical notae, runic symbols, polyalphabetic substitution, algebraic equations, graphic typographies, or literary metaphors, took place in contested social spaces and offered a means of expression during times of political, economic, and personal upheaval. Ciphering shaped the early history of linguistics as a discipline, and it bridged theological and scientific rhetoric before and during the Reformation. Ciphering was an occult art, a mathematic language, and an aesthetic that influenced music, sculpture, painting, drama, poetry, and the early novel. This collection addresses gaps in cryptographic history, but more significantly, through cultural analyses of the rhetorical situations of ciphering and actual solved and unsolved medieval and early modern ciphers, it traces the influences of cryptographic writing and reading on literacy broadly defined as well as the cultures that generate, resist, and require that literacy. This volume offers a significant contribution to the history of the book, highlighting the broader cultural significance of textual materialities.

Table of Contents

Introduction: Ciphers and the Material History of Literacy



Katherine Ellison and Susan Kim





1. Medieval Musical Notes as Cryptography



Elsa DeLuca and John Haines





2. Keeping History: Images, Texts, Ciphers, and the Franks Casket



Susan Kim and Asa Simon Mittman





3. Anglo-Saxon Ciphers



Stephen J. Harris





4. The Cryptographic Imagination: Revealing and Concealing in Anglo-Saxon Literature



E.J. Christie





5. The Printing Press and Cryptography: Alberti and the Dawn of a Notational Epoch



Quinn Dupont





6. "That you are both decipher’d": Revealing Espionage and Staging Written Evidence in Early Modern England



Lisa M. Barksdale-Shaw





7. Out of "their covert of words": Cipher and Secrecy in the Writing of Early Modern Algebra



Lisa Wilde





8. Limited by Their Letters: Alphabets, Codes, and Gesture in Seventeenth-Century England



Michael C. Clody





9. Deciphering and the Exhaustion of Recombination



Katherine Ellison





10. "What I write I do not see": Reading and Writing With Invisible Ink



Karen Britland





11. Real Life Cryptology: Enciphering Practice in Early Modern Hungary



Benedek Láng





12. Afterword: The Critical Legacy of Medieval and Early Modern Cryptography Before and After World War I



Katherine Ellison and Susan Kim

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Editor(s)

Biography

Katherine Ellison is Professor of English at Illinois State University, USA.





Susan Kim is Professor in the Department of English at Illinois State University, USA.