1st Edition

A New Introduction to Jurisprudence Legality, Legitimacy and the Foundations of the Law

By Paul Cliteur, Afshin Ellian Copyright 2019
    222 Pages
    by Routledge

    222 Pages
    by Routledge

    A New Introduction to Jurisprudence takes one of the central problems of law and jurisprudence as its point of departure: what is the law? Adopting an intermediate position between legal positivism and natural law, this book reflects on the concept of ‘liberal democracy’ or ‘constitutional democracy’.

    In five chapters the book analyses: (i) the idea of higher law, (ii) liberal democracy as a legitimate model for the state, (iii) the separation of church and state or secularism as essential for the democratic state, (iv) the universality of higher law principles, (v) the history of modern political thought.

    This interdisciplinary approach to jurisprudence is relevant for legal scholars, philosophers, political theorists, public intellectuals, historians, and politicians.


    Chapter 1: Legality and Legitimacy in Natural Law and Legal Positivism

    1. Five Characteristics of Natural Law
    2. Plato
    3. Teleology
    4. Man as a Rational Being
    5. Metaphysical Principles
    6. Absolute Validity
    7. A Touchstone
    8. Objections
    9. Sein and Sollen
    10. Empty Formulas
    11. Feelings
    12. Evaluation of the Objections
    13. Lon Fuller
    14. Natural Law, a Form of Morality?
    15. Judge and Conductor
    16. Ubi Societas, Ibi Ius
    17. Again: Empty Formulas
    18. Alternative Natural Law
    19. Perelman and Hayek
    20. Hayek on Spontaneous Order
    21. Tradition
    22. A Touchstone for the Law
    23. Gustav Radbruch
    24. H.L.A. Hart
    25. The Hart-Fuller Debate
    26. A Synthesis
    27. Lex Iniusta Non Est Lex?

    Chapter 2: Democracy and the Rule of Law as a Legitimate Form of Government

    1. Postmodernism
    2. Liberal Democracy
    3. Democracy
    4. The Rule of Law and "Rechtsstaat"
    5. Five Principles of the Rule of Law
    6. The GPM
    7. Humanism
    8. Humanism and the Rule of Law
    9. The Tension Between Entrenchment and Democracy
    10. Paine and Burke
    11. Judicial Review
    12. Contradictions Between the GPM
    13. Two Consequences
    14. The End Thesis Revisited

    Chapter 3: The Separation of Church and State

    1. Bishop Nazir-Ali
    2. Nazir-Ali Under Criticism
    3. Theoterrorism and the Agnostic State
    4. The Atheist State
    5. The Theocratic State
    6. Saudi-Arabia as a Theocratic State
    7. Prosecutions and Executions
    8. Cruel Punishments
    9. Phinehas and Moses
    10. Who Are We These Days?
    11. State Religions
    12. The Multiculturalist State
    13. The Agnostic State
    14. Western?
    15. The French Laïcité

    Chapter 4: The Universality of Values and Principles

    1. Cultural Conflicts
    2. Live and Let Live
    3. Female Genital Mutilation
    4. The Conflict Defined
    5. Acceptance on the Basis of Respect
    6. Cultural Relativism
    7. Six Cultural Relativists
    8. Herodotus
    9. The Sophists
    10. Protagoras
    11. Montaigne
    12. Sumner
    13. Folkways
    14. Benedict
    15. Socially Approved Habits
    16. Westermarck
    17. Stace, Bloom, and Bork
    18. Dickens and Kipling
    19. Seven Elements of Cultural Relativism
    20. Dworkin on Critical Morality
    21. Critical Morality and Cultural Anthropology
    22. Consistency
    23. Practical Objections
    24. Universality is Indispensable
    25. Hamed Abdel-Samad

    Chapter 5: The Classical Foundations of Modern Law

    1. A Modern Worldview
    2. From the Middle Ages to Modern Times
    3. Descartes
    4. Penal Law and Modernity
    5. Enlightenment
    6. Social Contract Theories
    7. Hobbes
    8. Rousseau
    9. Human Rights
    10. Rousseau and Hobbes Revisited



    Paul Cliteur is Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University, the Netherlands. He is the author of The Secular Outlook (2010) and Theoterrorism v. Freedom of Speech (forthcoming).

    Afshin Ellian is Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University, the Netherlands. He edited The State of Exception and Militant Democracy in a Time of Terror (2012) and Counterterrorism after the IS-Caliphate (forthcoming).