A New Introduction to Jurisprudence: Legality, Legitimacy and the Foundations of the Law, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

A New Introduction to Jurisprudence

Legality, Legitimacy and the Foundations of the Law, 1st Edition

By Paul Cliteur, Afshin Ellian

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208 pages

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Description

A New Introduction to Jurisprudence takes one of the central problems of law and jurisprudence as its point of departure: what is the law? Adopting an intermediate position between legal positivism and natural law, this book reflects on the concept of ‘liberal democracy’ or ‘constitutional democracy’.

In five chapters the book analyses: (i) the idea of higher law, (ii) liberal democracy as a legitimate model for the state, (iii) the separation of church and state or secularism as essential for the democratic state, (iv) the universality of higher law principles, (v) the history of modern political thought.

This interdisciplinary approach to jurisprudence is relevant for legal scholars, philosophers, political theorists, public intellectuals, historians, and politicians.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1: Legality and Legitimacy in Natural Law and Legal Positivism

  1. Five Characteristics of Natural Law
  2. Plato
  3. Teleology
  4. Man as a Rational Being
  5. Metaphysical Principles
  6. Absolute Validity
  7. A Touchstone
  8. Objections
  9. Sein and Sollen
  10. Empty Formulas
  11. Feelings
  12. Evaluation of the Objections
  13. Lon Fuller
  14. Natural Law, a Form of Morality?
  15. Judge and Conductor
  16. Ubi Societas, Ibi Ius
  17. Again: Empty Formulas
  18. Alternative Natural Law
  19. Perelman and Hayek
  20. Hayek on Spontaneous Order
  21. Tradition
  22. A Touchstone for the Law
  23. Gustav Radbruch
  24. H.L.A. Hart
  25. The Hart-Fuller Debate
  26. A Synthesis
  27. Lex Iniusta Non Est Lex?

Chapter 2: Democracy and the Rule of Law as a Legitimate Form of Government

  1. Postmodernism
  2. Liberal Democracy
  3. Democracy
  4. The Rule of Law and "Rechtsstaat"
  5. Five Principles of the Rule of Law
  6. The GPM
  7. Humanism
  8. Humanism and the Rule of Law
  9. The Tension Between Entrenchment and Democracy
  10. Paine and Burke
  11. Judicial Review
  12. Contradictions Between the GPM
  13. Two Consequences
  14. The End Thesis Revisited

Chapter 3: The Separation of Church and State

  1. Bishop Nazir-Ali
  2. Nazir-Ali Under Criticism
  3. Theoterrorism and the Agnostic State
  4. The Atheist State
  5. The Theocratic State
  6. Saudi-Arabia as a Theocratic State
  7. Prosecutions and Executions
  8. Cruel Punishments
  9. Phinehas and Moses
  10. Who Are We These Days?
  11. State Religions
  12. The Multiculturalist State
  13. The Agnostic State
  14. Western?
  15. The French Laïcité

Chapter 4: The Universality of Values and Principles

  1. Cultural Conflicts
  2. Live and Let Live
  3. Female Genital Mutilation
  4. The Conflict Defined
  5. Acceptance on the Basis of Respect
  6. Cultural Relativism
  7. Six Cultural Relativists
  8. Herodotus
  9. The Sophists
  10. Protagoras
  11. Montaigne
  12. Sumner
  13. Folkways
  14. Benedict
  15. Socially Approved Habits
  16. Westermarck
  17. Stace, Bloom, and Bork
  18. Dickens and Kipling
  19. Seven Elements of Cultural Relativism
  20. Dworkin on Critical Morality
  21. Critical Morality and Cultural Anthropology
  22. Consistency
  23. Practical Objections
  24. Universality is Indispensable
  25. Hamed Abdel-Samad

Chapter 5: The Classical Foundations of Modern Law

  1. A Modern Worldview
  2. From the Middle Ages to Modern Times
  3. Descartes
  4. Penal Law and Modernity
  5. Enlightenment
  6. Social Contract Theories
  7. Hobbes
  8. Rousseau
  9. Human Rights
  10. Rousseau and Hobbes Revisited

Index

About the Authors

Paul Cliteur is Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University, the Netherlands. He is the author of The Secular Outlook (2010) and Theoterrorism v. Freedom of Speech (forthcoming).

Afshin Ellian is Professor of Jurisprudence at Leiden University, the Netherlands. He edited The State of Exception and Militant Democracy in a Time of Terror (2012) and Counterterrorism after the IS-Caliphate (forthcoming).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW000000
LAW / General
LAW052000
LAW / Jurisprudence
PHI019000
PHILOSOPHY / Political