A Quarter Century of the “Clash of Civilizations”
The "clash of civilizations" focuses on conflict and cooperation between and within states. Dealing with the clash is essential for a peaceful and harmonious world.
The "clash of civilizations" is a topic of great interest around the world and constitutes an important dimension of religion and international relations. In the quarter century since Huntington first aired his controversial framework, inter-civilizational "clash" and "dialogue" have become mainstream issues both in international relations and in many Western countries' domestic concerns. The book examines a key question: how does Samuel Huntington’s "clash of civilizations" "paradigm" help explain current Western governments" responses to Muslim migration and related security issues? Understanding relations between the West/Westerners and Muslim-majority societies/Muslims is impossible without being aware that right-wing populist politicians in the West, as well as some policy makers and commentators, seem to view all Muslims in a malign way. This indicates a lack of willingness to make a distinction between, on the one hand, the mass of "moderate," "ordinary," and "peaceful" Muslims and, on the other hand, a small minority of Islamist extremists and even smaller number of Islamist terrorists. The result is a crucial topic of our times: how do different civilizations coexist in a small and increasingly congested planet without conflict?
The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of The Review of Faith & International Affairs.
Introduction: The "Clash of Civilizations" and Relations between the West and the Muslim World
1. From Huntington to Trump: Twenty-Five Years of the "Clash of Civilizations"
2. Civilization as Disciplinization and the Consequences for Religion and World Politics
3. Civilizational Clash or Balderdash? The Causes of Religious Discrimination in Western and European Christian-Majority Democracies
4. Europe versus Islam?: Right-Wing Populist Discourse and the Construction of a Civilizational Identity
Ahyan Kaya and Ayşe Tecmen
5. Religion, Cleavages, and Right-Wing Populist Parties: The Italian Case
6. Religion as a Weapon: Invoking Religion in Secularized Societies
7. Cultural Barbarism in Relation to Women?: Huntington’s Theory and the German Case of Mass Sexual Assaults on New Year’s Eve 2015
8. Muslim Calls to Prayer in the Swedish Welfare State