1st Edition

A Sourcebook of Early Modern European History Life, Death, and Everything in Between

Edited By Ute Lotz-Heumann Copyright 2019
    330 Pages
    by Routledge

    330 Pages
    by Routledge

    A Sourcebook of Early Modern European History not only provides instructors with primary sources of a manageable length and translated into English, it also offers students a concise explanation of their context and meaning.

    By covering different areas of early modern life through the lens of contemporaries’ experiences, this book serves as an introduction to the early modern European world in a way that a narrative history of the period cannot. It is divided into six subject areas, each comprising between twelve and fourteen explicated sources: I. The fabric of communities: Social interaction and social control; II. Social spaces: Experiencing and negotiating encounters; III. Propriety, legitimacy, fi delity: Gender, marriage, and the family; IV. Expressions of faith: Offi cial and popular religion; V. Realms intertwined: Religion and politics; and, VI. Defining the religious other: Identities and conflicts.

    Spanning the period from c. 1450 to c. 1750 and including primary sources from across early modern Europe, from Spain to Transylvania, Italy to Iceland, and the European colonies, this book provides an excellent sense of the diversity and complexity of human experience during this time whilst drawing attention to key themes and events of the period. It is ideal for students of early modern history, and of early modern Europe in particular.

    List of figures



    How to use this book

    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    General introduction

    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    I. The fabric of communities: Social interaction and social control


    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    1. Show me your horse and I will tell you who you are: Marx Fugger on horses as markers of social status, 1584

    By Pia F. Cuneo

    2. From Bohemia to Spain and back again: Sports diplomacy in fifteenth-century Europe

    By Paul Milliman

    3. Resisting and defending noble privileges in the New World: Garcíade Contreras Figueroa before the royal appellate court of New Spain, Mexico City, 1580

    By Michael Crawford

    4. "And so the old world has renewed": Magdalena Paumgartner of Nuremberg reveals the social significance of fashion, 1591

    By Ulinka Rublack

    5. In and out of the ivory tower: The scholar Conrad Pellikan starts a new life in Zurich in 1526

    By Bruce Gordon

    6. A Protestant pastor should set an example for his community: Johannes Brandmüller of Basel gets into trouble in 1591

    By Amy Nelson Burnett

    7. Spain, 1649: The Inquisition disciplines two Catholic priests who shot the baby Jesus

    By Allyson M. Poska

    8. Canterbury, 1560: Slander and social order in an early modern town

    By Catherine Richardson

    9. ‘Popular duels’: Honor, violence, and reconciliation in an Augsburg street fight in 1642

    By B. Ann Tlusty

    10. Regulating day laborers’ wages in sixteenth-century Zwickau

    By Siegfried Hoyer

    11. Ore Mountain miners stage a social protest in 1719

    By Helmut Bräuer

    12. Against corruption in all the estates: An early eighteenth-century Pietist vision for universal reform through education

    By Richard L. Gawthrop

    II. Social spaces: Experiencing and negotiating encounters


    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    13. Life at a German court: The importance of equestrian skill in the early seventeenth century 65

    By Pia F. Cuneo

    14. The constitutional treaty of a German city: Strasbourg, 1482

    By Thomas A. Brady, Jr.

    15. Contested spaces: Bishop and city in late fifteenth- century Augsburg

    By J. Jeffery Tyler

    16. Uproar in Antwerp, 1522

    By Victoria Christman

    17. "We want the friar!" A civic uprising in Augsburg in 1524

    By Joel Van Amberg

    18. Bourges: Public rituals of collective and personal identity in the middle of the sixteenth century

    By Jonathan A. Reid

    19. Castres, 1561: A town erupts into religious violence

    By Barbara B. Diefendorf

    20. Swiss towns put on a play: Urban space as stage in the sixteenth century

    By Kaspar Von Greyerz

    21. Smoke, sound, and murder in sixteenth- century Paris

    By Alan E. Bernstein

    22. Bologna’s Feast of the Roast Pig: A carnivalesque festival in a sixteenth-century Italian city square

    By Nicholas Terpstra

    23. Taking control of village religion: Wendelstein in Franconia, 1524

    By Katherine G. Brady and Thomas A. Brady, Jr.

    24. A Swiss village’s religious settlement: Zizers in Graubünden, 1616

    By Randolph C. Head

    25. Mapping the unseen: A Bohemian Jesuit meets the Palaos Islanders, 1697

    By Ulrike Strasser

    III. Propriety, legitimacy, fidelity: Gender, marriage, and the family


    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    26. Housefather and housemother: Order and hierarchy in the early modern family

    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    27. Sexual crime and political conflict: An Alsatian nobleman is burned to death with his male lover in 1482

    By Christopher Ocker

    28. "O abomination!" A sixteenth-century sermon against adultery

    By Curt Bostick

    29. Hans Gallmeyer: Seduction, bigamy, and forgery in an Augsburg workshop in 1565

    By Marjorie Elizabeth Plummer

    30. Professor Bryson’s unfortunate engagement, Geneva, 1582

    By Karin Maag

    31. Gender relations in Germany during the Thirty Years’ War: A groom refuses to marry his bride

    By Heide Wunder

    32. Defining a new profession: Ordinance regulating midwives, Nuremberg, 1522

    By Merry E. Wiesner- Hanks

    33. A Chatty Comedy About the Birthing Room: Johannes Praetorius observes women’s lives in seventeenth-century Germany

    By Gerhild Scholz Williams

    34. A letter sent from Augsburg in 1538: A Protestant minister writes to a friend about his illegitimate son

    By Milton Kooistra

    35. Piedmont, 1712: Son forced into monastery by his father manages to get out

    By Anne Jacobson Schutte (†)

    36. A mother tries to reform her son: Elisabeth of Braunschweig’s "Motherly Admonition" to her son Erich, 1545

    By Jill Bepler

    37. Old age outside the bosom of the family: Elizabeth Freke of Norfolk (d. 1714)

    By Lynn A. Botelho

    IV. Expressions of faith: Official and popular religion


    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    38. Reformation by accident? Martin Luther’s Ninety-Five Theses of 1517

    By Scott H. Hendrix

    39. Thomas Müntzer: A radical alternative

    By Günter Vogler

    40. Holy Scripture alone: Philip Melanchthon and academic theology

    By Nicole Kuropka

    41. Interpreting the Bible in the sixteenth century: John Calvin on the Gospels of Luke and Matthew

    By Bernard Roussel

    42. How to organize a church: John a Lasco on the election of ministers, 1555

    By Michael S. Springer

    43. What is a good death? Barbara Dürer, 1514

    By Helmut Puff

    44. A funeral sermon for Christian Röhrscheidt, law student in Leipzig, 1627

    By Cornelia Niekus Moore

    45. Pilsen, 1503: A wonderful apparition

    By Kathryn A. Edwards

    46. Hornhausen: A Protestant miracle well in seventeenth-century Germany

    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    47. Gent, 1658: The miracle of the breast milk – or perhaps not

    By Craig Harline

    48. A snapshot of Iberian religiosities: The inquisitorial case against the New Christian Mar í a de Sierra, 1651

    By David Graizbord

    49. Blazing stars: Interpreting comets as portents of the future in late seventeenth- century Germany

    By Andrew Fix (†)

    50. Picturing witchcraft in late seventeenth- century Germany

    By Charles Zika

    51. Loftur the Sorcerer and clerical magic in eighteenth-century Iceland

    By Thomas B. De Mayo

    V. Realms intertwined: Religion and politics


    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    52. Martin Luther defies Frederick the Wise: A letter from Borna, 1522

    By Heinz Schilling

    53. Philip Melanchthon justifies magisterial reform, 1539

    By James M. Estes

    54. The courage to avow the truth: Philip Melanchthon on the Interim, 1548

    By Irene Dingel

    55. 6 July 1535 – interpreting Thomas More’s last words: God or king?

    By Marjory E. Lange

    56. Mansfeld, 1554: Follow- up to an ecclesiastical visitation

    By Robert Christman

    57. Reformation mandates for the Pays de Vaud, 1536: How Bernese authorities tried to force their subjects to become Protestants

    By James J. Blakeley

    58. Ministers and magistrates: The excommunication debate in Lausanne in 1558

    By Michael W. Bruening

    59. Who is in charge? Politics, religion, and astrology during the Thirty Years’ War

    By Sigrun Haude

    60. Advocating religious tolerance: A Nuremberg voice of 1530

    By Berndt Hamm

    61. Assuring civil rights for religious minorities in sixteenth-century France

    By Raymond A. Mentzer

    62. Turda, 1568: Tolerance Transylvanian style

    By Graeme Murdock

    63. Who suffered? A row in the Dublin Privy Council, 1605

    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    64. Is the throne empty? James II’s supposed desertion of 1688 discussed

    By Peter Foley (†)

    65. Dubrovnik: A Catholic state under the Ottoman sultan

    By James D. Tracy

    VI. Defining the religious other: Identities and conflicts


    By Ute Lotz-Heumann

    66. The ‘red Jews’ and Protestant reformers

    By Andrew Colin Gow

    67. Debating the Reformation in Torgau, 1522

    By Craig Koslofsky

    68. A Freiburg citizen’s response to Luther in 1524

    By Tom Scott

    69. Augustin Bader of Augsburg (d. 1530): Weaver, prophet, messianic king

    By Robert J. Bast

    70. Should you consecrate bells? Johannes Eberlin von Günzburg argues against an established religious practice in 1525

    By Euan Cameron

    71. Catholic preaching on the eve of the French Wars of Religion: A eucharistic battleground

    By Larissa Juliet Taylor

    72. How to convince Catholics that Protestants have sex in the open air: Gabriel du Pr é au’s Catalogue of All Heretics, 1569

    By Irena Backus

    73. The Luther family’s flight: A Counter- Reformation polemical broadsheet of the 1620s

    By Barbara Stollberg-Rilinger

    74. God intervenes: A eucharistic miracle in the principality of Orange, 1678

    By S. Amanda Eurich

    75. Different confessions, difficult choices: Theodore Beza converts after thirteen years of inner struggles

    By Scott M. Manetsch

    76. "A priest you were on Sunday / Monday morning a minister": Clerical conformity in eighteenth- century Ireland

    By Monica Brennan

    77. A great poet describes his own times: John Milton’s Of Reformation, 1641

    By David Cressy

    78. Thomas Gage in Guatemala: A Puritan’s memoir of preaching among the Maya, 1648

    By Kevin Gosner

    79. The morality of doubt: The religious skeptics of seventeenth-century Venice

    By Edward Muir

    Map 1: Europe after 1648

    List of Contributors



    Ute Lotz-Heumann is Heiko A. Oberman Professor of Late Medieval and Reformation History and Director of the Division for Late Medieval and Reformation Studies at the University of Arizona. She specializes in European early modern history, especially the history of Germany and Ireland.