The modeling tool is applied to address water management issues in the case study region (Sharm El Sheikh, South-Sinai, Egypt) that suffers from water shortage and that is located near a unique but sensitive marine environment of high ecological value. The main economic activity in the city is tourism.
The modeling tool box is composed of five types of models depending on the specific site situations: water demand/need model, water supply model, wastewater reuse model, environmental model and economic model. The coupling of the models facilitates assessing different scenarios for integrated water resources management including different time-variant domestic and irrigation water demand, water supply options: long-distance piping and reverse osmosis desalination (RO), potable and non-potable water supply contracts between a hotel and a water company, optimum capacity and expansion for an RO desalination plants, renewable and non-renewable energy sources for RO desalination, and brine disposal options.
List of Symbols
1 General Introduction
2 Water resources management to satisfy high water demand in the arid Sharm El Sheikh, the Red Sea, Egypt
3 Basic cost equations to estimate unit production costs for RO desalination and long-distance piping to supply water to tourism-dominated arid coastal regions of Egypt
4 Impact of solar energy cost on water production cost of seawater desalination plants in Egypt
5 A model for calculation of water demand by the tourism industry in arid coastal regions: The case of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt
6 Optimum contracted-for water supply for hotels in arid coastal regions
7 Dynamic programming of capacity expansion of reverse osmosis desalination plant - Case study: Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt
8 Integrating wastewater reuse in water resources management for hotels in arid coastal regions - Case study of Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt
9 Environmental impact and economic costs of brine disposal methods from RO desalination plants in arid coastal regions
10 Conclusions and recommendations