1st Edition

A World History of Railway Cultures, 1830-1930

Edited By Matthew Esposito
    2985 Pages
    by Routledge

    A World History of Railway Cultures, 1830-1930 is the first collection of primary sources to historicize the cultural impact of railways on a global scale from their inception in Great Britain to the Great Depression. Its dual purpose is to promote understanding of complex historical processes leading to globalization and generate interest in transnational and global comparative research on railways.

    In four volumes, organized by historical geography, this scholarly collection gathers rare out-of-print published and unpublished materials from archival and digital repositories throughout the world. It adopts a capsule approach that focuses on short selections of significant primary source content instead of redundant and irrelevant materials found in online data collections. The current collection draws attention to railway cultures through railroad reports, parliamentary papers, government documents, police reports, public health records, engineering reports, technical papers, medical surveys, memoirs, diaries, travel narratives, ethnographies, newspaper articles, editorials, pamphlets, broadsides, paintings, cartoons, engravings, photographs, art, ephemera, and passages from novels and poetry collections that shed light on the cultural history of railways. The editor’s original essays and headnotes on the cultural politics of railways introduce over 200 carefully selected primary sources. Students and researchers come to understand railways not as applied technological impositions of industrial capitalism but powerful, fluid, and idiosyncratic historical constructs.

    A World History of Railway Cultures

    Edited by Matthew D. Esposito



    Volume I. The United Kingdom

    Table of Contents

    Author Acknowledgements

    Part 1: The Rocket, Rainhill Trials, and Early Promotion of Railways

    1. Early Illustrations of the Rocket and Liverpool and Manchester trains.

    Figure 1. The Rocket with wagon car from the cover of Mechanics’ Magazine, 24 October, 1829.

    Figure 2. Isaac Shaw’s lithograph of Liverpool and Manchester passenger train. S. G. Hughes aquatint (1831). Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection.

    Figure 3. Isaac Shaw’s lithograph of Liverpool and Manchester freight train. S. G. Hughes aquatint (1831). Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection.

    2. The Rainhill Trials and Inauguration of the Liverpool & Manchester Railway, "Account of the Competition of Locomotive Steam-Carriages on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway," in Mechanics’ Magazine 12: 322 (October 10, 1829), 114-116; 12: 323 (October 17, 1829), 135-141; 12: 324 (October 24, 1829), 146-147; 12: 325 (October 31, 1829), 161; 14: 372 (September 25, 1830), 64-69.

    3. Charles Maclaren. Railways Compared with Canals & Common Roads, and Their Uses and Advantages Explained. Edinburgh: Constable, 1825, pp. 48-54.

    4. Nineteenth-Century Engravings, Lithographs, and Prints.

    Figure 4. "View of the Entrance to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway." Mechanics’ Magazine XIV: 342 (September 25, 1830).

    Figure 5. Isaac Shaw. "View on the Liverpool and Manchester Railway with the Locomotive "Twin Sisters" in a Siding." (1830). Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection.

    Figure 6. Isaac Shaw. "Opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway," (1830). Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection.

    Figure 7. Isaac Shaw. "Railway Office Liverpool," (1830). Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection.

    Figure 8. "Metropolitan Railway." The Wonders of the Universe: A Record of Things Wonderful and Marvelous in Nature, Science, and Art (New York: Cassell & Co., 1885), 53.

    Part 2: Engineering Enemies

    5. Joseph Sandars. A Letter on the Subject of the Projected Rail Road between Liverpool and Manchester. Second ed. London: W. Wales, 1824, pp. 3-32.

    6. "Second Prospectus of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Company," Liverpool Mercury XV (30 December 1825), 203.

    7. George Eliot. Middlemarch. New edition. Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood, 1874, pp. 407-414.

    8. The Creevy Papers: A Selection from the Correspondence & Diaries of the Late Thomas Creevy. Ed. Sir Herbert Maxwell. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1904, pp, 429-431, 545-546.

    9. William Wordsworth, ‘On the Projected Kendel and Windermere Railway’, 147, "Letters on the Kendal and Windermere Railway, 301-311" From Vol. 8 of The Poetical Works of William Wordsworth. Ed. William Angus Knight. (Edinburgh: W. Paterson, 1888-1889), p. 147, 301-311

    Part 3: Cultures of Railway Construction

    10. John Francis. A History of the English Railway: Its Social Relations and Revelations. 2 vols. London: Longman, Brown, Green, & Longmans, 1851. Vol. 2, Chapter 3 pp. 67-91.

    11. Benjamin Disraeli. Sybil or The Two Nations. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1913, pp. 433-441.

    12. Stephen W. Fullom, "The Brawl Viaduct", "English and Irish" and "The Reward of Merit," in The Great Highway: A Story of the World’s Struggles. Third ed. London: G. Routledge & Co., 1854, pp. 119-146.

    13. Patrick MacGill. Children of the Dead End: The Autobiography of a Navvy. London: H. Jenkins, 1914, pp. 129-145, 209-212, 225-229, 254-262.

    14. Patrick MacGill. "A Platelayer’s Story" and "The Navvy’s Sunday" and from Gleanings from a Navvy’s Scrapbook. Second ed. Derry, North Ireland: Derry Journal, 1911, pp. 52-53, 55.

    Part 4: Novel Impressions: Early Victorian Railway Cultures

    15. Frances Ann Kemble. Records of a Girlhood. Second ed. New York: H. Holt, 1884, 278-284.

    16. ‘Railroad Travelling’, Herapath’s Railway Journal [The Railway Magazine] 1 (Mar.-Dec. 1836), 110-112.

    17. Charles Greville. Memoirs (Second Part): A Journal of the Reign of Queen Victoria from 1837 to 1852. 3 vols. Ed. Henry Reeve. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1885. I, p. 11.

    18. William Makepeace Thackeray, ‘Two Days in Wicklow’, in The Paris Sketch Book of Mr. M.A. Titmarsh, The Irish Sketch Book, & Notes of a Journey from Cornhill to Grand Cairo. New York: Caxton, 1840, pp. 491-493.

    19. William Makepeace Thackeray, "Physiology of the London Idler," Punch 3 (1842), p. 102, "Railway Parsimony," Punch 13 (1847), 150, "Natural Phenomenon," Punch 14 (1848), 87, and "Railway Charges," Punch 14 (1848), 218.

    20. Albert Richard Smith. The Struggles and Adventures of Christopher Tadpole at Home and Abroad. London: Willoughby, [1847], pp. 481-483.

    21. Charles Dickens, "Paul’s Second Deprivation," in Dombey and Son. 2 Vols. New York: Harper & Bros, 1852. I: 70-72.

    22. Charles Dickens, "Mugby Junction" in Stories from the Christmas Numbers of "Household Words" and "All Year Round." New York: Macmillan and Co., 1896. PP. 464-465, 500-512.

    23. Charles Dickens, Our Mutual Friend (New York: Macmillan, 1907), p. 720.

    24. Charles Dickens, "A Flight," in Reprinted Pieces. New York: University Society, 1908. PP. 151-161.

    Part 5: Timetables, Calendars, and Stations: Mid-Victorian Railway Cultures

    25. Henry Booth. An Account of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, "Considerations, Moral, Commercial, Economical." Liverpool: Wales and Baines, 1830, pp. 85-94.

    26. "Easter Travelling," Illustrated London News, 29 April 1905, 626.

    27. Figure 9. William Powell Frith. "The Railway Station." [Paddington Station] (1862).

    28. George Catlin. Adventures of the Ojibbeway and Ioway Indians in England, France, and Belgium. Third ed. London: n.p., 1852, pp. 15, 17, 20-26, 34-35, 123-127, 129, 145-146.

    29. John Overton Choules, Young Americans Abroad. Boston: Gould and Lincoln, 1853, pp. 48-52, 92-95.

    30. Miss [Julia] Pardoe, ‘On the Rail’, Reginald Lyle. New York: Burgess & Day, 1854, pp. 103-106.

    31. Elizabeth Gaskell, ‘Mischances’ North and South. London: Oxford University Press, 1908, pp. 312-317.

    32. George Augustus Sala, "The Art of Sucking Eggs" in, Temple Bar 1 (1861), 558-564.

    33. Miss. Muloch (Dinah Maria Mulock Craik), A Life for a Life: A Novel. New York: Carleton, 1864, pp. 196-197.

    34. Frances Eleanor Trollope, Veronica, "The Railway Waiting Room.", in All the Year Round, New Series V.2 (September 25, 1869), p. 386.

    35. G. K. Chesterton, ‘The Prehistoric Railway Station’, in Tremendous Truffles (New York: Dodd, Mead, 1909), pp. 260-267.

    Part 6: Subterranean Railways and the Underground: High Victorian Railway Cultures

    36. ‘The Metropolitan Subterranean Railway’, The Times (London), 30 November 1861, p. 5.

    37. Mortimer Collins, The Vivian Romance (New York: Harper, 1870), pp. 31-32.

    38. M. E. Braddon, ‘On the Track’, from Henry Dunbar: The Story of an Outcast, Three Vols. (London: J. Maxwell, 1866), III, pp. 187-201.

    39. M. E. Braddon, The Lovels of Arden (Leipzig: B. Tauchnitz, 1871), pp. 92-97.

    40. Figure 10. Gustave Doré. The Workmen's Train, Ludgate Hill, and Over the City by Railway. Illustrations originally printed in Doré and Blanchard Jerrold, London: A Pilgrimage. London: Grant, 1872.

    41. Lady Margaret Majendie, ‘A Railway Journey’, Blackwood’s Magazine 121 (April 1877), pp. 497-503.

    42. Figure 11. Cover Illustration of H. L. Williams’s adaptation of Dion Boucicault’s play After Dark (1880s), depicting railway rescue scene in the London Underground/Subterranean Railway.

    43. Dion Boucicault, scene II from After Dark: A Drama of London Life in 1868, in Four Acts. (New York: DeWitt, n.d.) pp. 36-37.

    Part 7: Netherworlds and Nostalgia: Late Victorian and Edwardian Railway Cultures

    44. George Gissing, ‘10 Saturnalia!’, in The Nether World (London: Smith, Elder, & Co., 1890), pp. 105-113.

    45. James John Hissey, Through Ten English Counties (London: Richard Bentley & Son, 1894), pp. 392-393.

    46. Thomas Hardy, Jude the Obscure (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1896), pp. 341-343.

    47. Arthur Quiller-Couch, ‘The Cuckoo Valley Railway’ and ‘Punch’s Understudy’, in The Delectable Duchy: Stories, Studies, and Sketches (New York: C. Scribners’ Sons, 1898), pp. 61-69, 107-115.

    48. George John Whyte-Melville, The Brookes of Bridlemere (London: Ward, Lock, 1899), pp. 156-161, 200-205.

    49. H. G. Wells, When the Sleeper Wakes (New York: Harper & Bros., 1899), pp. 201-211.

    50. Henry James, ‘London’, English Hours (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., 1905), pp. 36-39.

    51. Henry James, ‘Isle of Wight’, Portraits of Places (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., [1911]), pp. 292-294.

    52. E. Nesbit, ‘Saviours of the Train’, The Railway Children (London and New York: Macmillan, 1906), pp. 127-137.

    53. E. M. Forster, Howards End (New York: G. P. Putnam Sons, 1911), pp. 12-19.

    Part 8: The Railway Accident, Public Health, and Military Deployment

    54. ‘Wolverhampton’, The Spectator, February 24, 1838, pp. 176-177.

    55. ‘In the Temple Gardens’, Temple Bar 2 (July, 1861), pp. 286-287.

    56. ‘Armagh’, The Spectator, June 15, 1889, 813.

    57. ‘The Influence of Railway Travelling on Public Health’, The Lancet, 1862, pp. 15-17.

    58. John Charles Hall, ‘Railway Accidents’, in Medical Evidence in Railway Accidents (London: Longmans & Co. 1868), pp. 27-42.

    59. ‘Navvies for the Crimea’ and ‘The Balaclava Railway Corps’, Illustrated London News, 13 January 1855, 28-29, 304.

    60. ‘The Invasion of the Free State’, The Spectator 17 March 1900, 229.

    61. Boer War: Diary of Eyre Lloyd, 2nd Coldstream Guards, Assistant Staff Officer, Colonel Benson’s Column, killed at Brakenlaagte, 30th October 1901 (London: Army and Navy Cooperative Society, 1905), pp. 3-6, 17-19, 27-28, 43, 45, 56-58, 63, 66-67, 71-78, 105-118, 124, 131, 137-141, 153, 169-171, 187, 242, 249-250, 260, 288-289.

    Part 9: The Great War and Interwar Railway Cultures

    62. ‘Railways and the War’, in The Times History of the War 6 (1915), pp. 161, 167, 169-174.

    63. Edwin A. Pratt, ‘Employment of Women and Girls’, in British Railways and the Great War: Organisation, Efforts, Difficulties and Achievements, 2 vols. (London: Selwyn and Blount, 1921), pp. 475-482.

    64. Thomas Hardy, ‘Midnight on the Great Western’, in The Poetical Works of Thomas Hardy, 2 vols. (London: Macmillan, 1919), I, pp. 483.

    65. Lord Monkswell, ‘Making Up Lost Time’, The Railway Magazine 50 (Jan.-June 1922), pp. 157-160.

    66. ‘Railway Art and Literature in 1922’, The Railway Magazine 51 (July-Dec. 1922), pp. 59-66.

    67. ‘Flying Scotsman’s First Run’, Times (London), 2 May 1928, p. 13.

    68. Frank Parker Stockbridge, ‘Cargoes through the Clouds’, Harper’s 140, 1919-1920, pp. 189-191.

    Part 10: Railway Cultures of Scotland and Ireland

    69. Anon. [David Croal], Early Recollections of a Journalist, 1832-1859 (Edinburgh: Andrew Eliot, 1898), pp. 8-10.

    70. Charles Richard Weld, Two Months in the Highlands, Orcadia, and Skye (London: Longmans, Green, Longman, and Roberts, 1860), pp. 4-6.

    71. W. Edmondstoune Aytoun, Norman Sinclair 3 vols. (Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons, 1861), I, pp. 250-251, 271-274, II, pp. 102-114.

    72. C. F. Gordon Cumming, In the Hebrides (London: Chatto & Windus, 1883), pp. 201-204, 420-422.

    73. C. F. Gordon Cumming, Memories (Edinburgh: W. Blackwood, 1904), pp. 440-441.

    74. ‘The Dublin and Kingstown Railway’, Dublin Penny Journal 3, 113, 30 August 1834, pp. 65-68.

    75. J. Jay Smith, A Summer’s Jaunt across the Water (Philadelphia: J. W. Moore, 1846), pp. 46-47.

    76. Frederick Richard Chichester, Masters and Workmen: A Tale Illustrative of the Social and Moral Condition of the People, 3 vols. (London: Newby, 1851), I, pp. 7-17.

    77. Andrew Dickinson, My First Visit to Europe (New York: G. P. Putnam, 1851), pp. 48-50.

    78. Sir Francis Bond Head, A Fortnight in Ireland, 2nd ed. (London: John Murray, 1852), pp. 70, 108-114.

    79. George Foxcroft Haskins, Travels in England, France, Italy and Ireland (Boston: P. Donahoe, 1856), pp. 265-266, 269.

    80. Michael Cavanagh (ed.), Memoirs of General Thomas Francis Meagher Comprising the Leading Events of His Career (Worcester, Mass.: The Messenger Press, 1892), pp. 245-253.

    81. C. O. Burge, The Adventures of a Civil Engineer: Fifty Years on Five Continents (London: Alston Rivers, 1909), pp. 8-13, 47-53.

    82. J. M. Synge, In Wicklow, West Kerry and Connemara (Dublin: Maunsel, 1911), pp. 65-67, 157-165.

    83. J. M. Synge, The Aran Islands, 4 vols. (Dublin: Maunsel, 1912). I, pp. 115-120.

    84. Joseph Tatlow. Fifty Years of Railway Life in England, Scotland and Ireland (London: The Railway Gazette, 1920), pp. 110-111.

    85. Padraic Colum, ‘Into Munster: On the Train’, The Road Round Ireland (New York: Macmillan, 1926), pp. 416-419.

    Volume II. The British Empire

    Part 1: Mobility and Mutability

    1. Amelia Cary, Chow-Chow. 2 vols. (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1857), I, pp. 46-50.

    2. Robert Bowne Minturn, From New York to Delhi, Second ed. (New York: D. Appleton, 1858), pp. 6, 122-126.

    3. Bholanauth Chunder, The Travels of a Hindoo to Various Parts of Bengal and Upper India (London: N. Trubner, 1869), I, pp. 139-141, 149-150, 162-173, 326-327, 332-333, 348, 433 II: 130-131.

    4. Figure 1, ‘Modes of Travelling in India’, Illustrated London News, September 19, 1863, 284.

    5. Sidney Laman Blanchard, The Ganges and the Seine, 2 vols. (London: Chapman and Gall, 1862), II, pp. 6-13.

    6. William Howard Russell, My Diary in India in the Year 1858-1859, 2 vols. (London: Routledge, 1860), I, pp. 154-162, II, pp. 407-409.

    7. G. O. Trevelyan, The Competition Wallah, Second ed. (London: Macmillan, 1866), pp. 21-30.

    8. Mary Carpenter, Six Months in India, 2 vols. (London: Longmans, Green, 1868), I, pp. 27-31, 227-228, 234-235, 238-239.

    9. John Matheson. England to Delhi: A Narrative of Indian Travel (London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1870), pp. 278-286, 347-348, 509-510.

    Part 2: Modernity and the Masses

    10. Jules Verne, Around the World in Eighty Days, trans. George M. Towle (Philadelphia: Porter & Coates, 1873), pp. 55-56, 60-62, 70-78.

    11. C. F. Gordon Cumming, In the Himalayas and on the Indian Plains (London: Chatto & Windus, 1884), pp. 44-47, 76, 266-268, 274-277, 593-594.

    12. James Hingston. The Australian Abroad: Branches from the Main Routes Round the World, 2 vols. (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle, and Rivington, 1879), pp. 98-101, 163-164, 200-203, 209-210.

    13. W. S. Caine, A Trip Round the World in 1887-8 (London: G. Routledge & Sons, 1888), pp. 264-269, 273-276.

    14. Annie Brassey, The Last Voyage: 1887 (London: Longmans, Green, 1889), pp. 99-102, 104-105.

    15. Mrs. Brassey, Around the World in the Yacht "Sunbeam": Our Home on the Ocean for Eleven Months (New York: H. Holt, 1889), pp. 398-399.

    16. C. F. Gordon Cumming, Two Happy Years in Ceylon, 2 vols. (London: Blackwood and Sons, 1892), I, pp. 155-159, 1716, II, pp. 27-29, 184-186, 238-239.

    17. Flora Annie Steel, ‘In the Permanent Way’, In the Permanent Way and Other Stories (London: William Heinemann, 1898), pp. 27-42.

    Part 3: Kipling’s Railway Kingdom

    18. Rudyard Kipling, ‘An Escape Northwards’, in Out of India: Things I Saw and Failed to See in Certain Days and Nights at Jeypore and Elsewhere (New York: G. W. Dillingham, 1895), pp. 116-119.

    19. Rudyard Kipling, ‘Namgay Doola’, from Mine Own People, in Works, 15 vols. (New York: Lovell, n.d.), I, pp. 31-37.

    20. Rudyard Kipling, ‘The Man Who Would Be King’, in Works, 15 vols. (New York: Lovell, 1899), V, pp. 92-99.

    21. Rudyard Kipling, Letters of Marque’, Works, 15 vols. (New York: Lovell, 1899), XII, pp. 5-9.

    22. Rudyard Kipling, ‘Among the Railway Folk’, Works, 15 vols. (New York: Lovell, 1899), VII, pp. 65-93.

    Part 4: Anglo-Indian Junctions

    23. Rabindranath Tagore, ‘A Journey with My Father’, in My Reminiscences (London: Macmillan, 1917), pp. 77-81, 86-87.

    24. Fanny Bullock Workman and William Hunter Workman, Through Town and Jungle: Fourteen Thousand Miles A-Wheel among the Temples and People of the Indian Plain (London: T. F. Unwin, 1904), pp. 6, 48, 63-64, 66, 102, 204-207, 226.

    25. Walter Del Mar, The Romantic East: Burma, Assam, & Kashmir (London: A. and C. Black, 1906), pp. 106-110.

    26. Robert Maitland Brereton, Reminiscences of an Old English Civil Engineer, 1858-1908 (Portland, Ore.: Irwin-Hodson, 1908), pp. 11-16.

    27. C. O. Burge, The Adventures of a Civil Engineer: Fifty Years on Five Continents (London: Alston Rivers, 1909), pp. 73-74, 98-101.

    28. Frank A. Swettenham, The Real Malay: Pen Pictures, Second ed. (London: John Lane, 1907), pp. 37-42.

    29. Malcolm Watson, The Prevention of Malaria in the Federated Malay States, Preface by Ronald Ross (Liverpool: Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, 1911), pp. 111, 121, 134.

    Part 5: Colonial Railways: Third-Class Passengers, Famine, and the Drain

    30. John L. Stoddard, Lectures, Ten vols. (Boston: Balch, 1899), IV, India, pp. 23-24.

    31. Mahatma Gandhi, Third-Class in Indian Railways (Lahore: Gandhi Publications League, 1917), pp. 3-7.

    32. ‘Third-Class Passenger Complaints and Indian Pilgrims’, from East India Railway Committee, 1920-21. Report of the Committee Appointed by the Secretary of State for India to Enquire into the Administration and Working of Indian Railways. Vol. I. (London: His Majesty’s Stationary Office for the India Office, n. d.), pp. 54-55.

    33. M. Gandhi, ‘The Question of Real Convenience’, Young India 2, 8, February 25, 1920, pp. 1-2.

    34. ‘Treatment of Indians Abroad’, Young India 2, 44, November 3, 1920, 7.

    35. M. Gandhi, ‘Carping Criticism’, Young India 3, 19, May 11, 1921, 146.

    36. Sir Richard Temple, The Bengal Famine (1874)’, in The Story of My Life, 2 vols. (London: Cassell, 1896), I, pp. 229-248.

    37. Vaughan Nash, The Great Famine and Its Causes (London: Longmans, Green, 1900), pp. 12-13, 102-104, 110-114, 144-152, 163-165, 175-182, 229.

    38. Romesh Chunder Dutt, Open Letters to Lord Curzon on Famine and Land Assessments in India (London: K. Paul, Trench, Trübner, 1900), pp. 124-125, 305, 314-315.

    39. Dadabhai Naoroji, Poverty and Un-British Rule in India (London: S. Sonnenschein & Co., 1901), pp. 193-196, 227-229.

    Part 6: Railways and the Spread of Epidemic Disease

    40. R. Senior White, ‘Studies in Malaria as it Affects Railways’, Railway Board Technical Paper 258 (Part I), (Reprint, Indian Medical Gazette, LXII (Calcutta: Government of India, 1928), 55-59.

    41. J. A. Sinton, ‘The Effects of Malaria on Railways’, Records of the Malaria Survey of India 5, 4 (December 1935), 471-476.

    42. R. Nathan, The Plague in India, 1896, 1897, 4 vols. (Simla: Government Central Printing Office, 1898), I, pp. 291-297.

    43. James Knighton Condon, ‘Railway Inspection’, The Bombay Plague, Being a History of the Progress of Plague in the Bombay Presidency from September 1896 to June 1899 (Bombay: Education Society, 1900), pp. 141-146.

    Part 7: Railways and Crime

    44. L. F. Morshead. Report on the Police Administration in the Bengal Presidency (Calcutta: Bengal Secretariat Book Depot, 1907), pp. 36-38.

    45. S. T. Hollins, The Criminal Tribes of the United Provinces (Allahabad: Government Press, 1914), pp. 2-5, 90-94, 109-110, 115-117.

    46. M. Pauparao Naidu, The History of Railway Thieves with Illustrations & Hints on Detection Fourth ed. (Madras: Higginbothams, 1915), pp. 4-19.

    47. Report of the Railway Police Committee, 1921 (Simla: Government Monotype Press, 1921), pp. 2-5.

    48. Abstract of Evidence Recorded by the Railway Police Committee, 1921 (Calcutta: Superintendent Government Printing, 1921), pp. i-iv, 1-8.

    Part 8: The Railway as Oasis: Egypt, the Near East, and the Middle East

    49. Isabella F. Romer, A Pilgrimage to the Temples and Tombs of Egypt, Nubia, and Palestine in 1845-6, 2 vols. (London: R. Bentley, 1846), pp. 98-100.

    50. James Hingston, The Australian Abroad on Branches from the Main Routes Round the World (Melbourne: W. Inglis, 1885), p. 348.

    51. C. F. Gordon Cumming, Via Cornwall to Egypt (London: Chatto & Windus, 1885), pp. 102-104.

    52. Hadji Khan (Gazanfar Ali), Armin Vamberry and Wilfrid Sparroy, With the Pilgrims to Mecca (London: J. Lane, 1905), pp. 83-84, 87.

    53. Norma Lorimer, By the Waters of Egypt (London: Methuen, 1909), pp. 1-3, 425-427.

    54. E. L. Butcher, Egypt as We Know It (London: Mills & Bonn, 1911), pp. 6-16, 22-23, 153-155.

    55. E. L. Butcher, Things Seen in Egypt (London: Seeley, Service and Co., 1914), pp. 177-178.

    56. Francis E. Clark and Harriet E. Clark, Our Journey around the World (Hartford, Conn.: A. D. Worthington, 1896), pp. 377-380, 383-389.

    57. Louisa Jebb Wilkins, By Desert Ways to Baghdad (London: T. Nelson & Sons, [1912]), pp. 55-87.

    Part 9: Railways and the Re-Partitioning of British Africa

    58. Thomas Joseph Willans, The Abyssinian Railway (London: 1870), pp. 163-176.

    59. Rudyard Kipling, The Light that Failed, in Works, 15 vols. (New York: Lovell, 1899), III, pp. 296-303.

    60. Annie Brassey, The Last Voyage: 1887 (London: Longmans, Green, 1889), pp. 435-437.

    61. Frank Vincent, Actual Africa; or, The Coming Continent (New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1895), pp. 208-210, 295-296, 298-306, 312-314, 376-379, 414-415, 419-428.

    62. Henry M. Stanley, Through South Africa (London: Sampson Low, Marston, 1898), pp. 4-19, 22-23, 76-79.

    63. Joseph Conrad, ‘Heart of Darkness’, in Youth, and Two Other Stories (New York: McClure, Phillips & Co., 1903), pp. 71-80. Originally published in Blackwoods Magazine 165, 1,000-1,002 (February, March, and April 1899), 193-220, 479-502, 634-657.

    64. Lions. The Spectator, March 3, 1900, 307-308.

    65. J. H. Patterson, The Man-Eaters of Tsavo and Other East African Adventures (London: Macmillan and Co., 1910), pp. 61-74.

    66. C. O. Burge, The Adventures of a Civil Engineer: Fifty Years on Five Continents (London: Alston Rivers, 1909), pp. 154-155.

    67. Charlotte Mansfield, Via Rhodesia: A Journey through Southern Africa (London: S. Paul, [1911]), pp. 161-168.

    68. John R. Raphael, Through Unknown Nigeria (London: T. W. Laurie, [1914]), pp. 43-53, 130-138.

    Part 10: Australiana and Aborigines: Possession and Dispossession

    69. Figure 2, Samuel Calvert, Engraving, ‘Skipton Jacky Jacky and His Tribe at the Opening of the Beaufort Railway’, September 7, 1874.

    70. Figure 3, Eastern Excursionists. The Early Morning Train at Spencer Street Station (Melbourne, Victoria), May 4, 1881.

    71. James Hingston. The Australian Abroad on Branches from the Main Routes Round the World (Melbourne: W. Inglis, 1885), pp. viii-ix, 151-153.

    72. Hume Nisbet, A Colonial Tramp: Travels and Adventures in Australia and New Zealand 2 vols. (London: Ward & Downey, 1891), pp. 166-172, 233-234, 274-276.

    73. May Vivienne, Sunny South Australia (Adelaide, Australia: Husse & Gillingham, 1908), pp. 299, 301, 303, 305-312, 314, 316-318.

    74. May Vivienne, Travels in Western Australia, Second ed. (London: W. Heinemann, 1902), pp. 325-326, 329-330.

    75. Robert Watson, Queensland Transcontinental Railway. Field Notes and Reports (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1883), pp. 85-86.

    76. Mark Twain, More Tramps Abroad, Third ed. (London: Chatto & Windus, 1898), pp. 201-206.

    77. Annie Brassey, The Last Voyage: 1887 (London: Longmans, Green, 1889), pp. 233-239.

    78. Julius M. Price, The Land of Gold (London: S. Low, Marston & Company, 1896), pp. 15-21, 23-24.

    79. Albert Frederick Calvert, My Fourth Tour in Western Australia (London: W. Heinemann, 1897), pp. 4, 6, 8.

    80. Daisy Bates, The Passing of the Aborigines: A Lifetime Spent among the Natives of Australia. London: John Murray, 1938), pp. 163-164, 168-171, 190-192, 194-195, 207-208.

    81. Anthony Trollope, Australia and New Zealand (Leipzig: B. Tauchnitz, 1873), pp. 210-213, 222-224.


    Volume III. Continental Eurasia

    Part 1: Mentalité and the Machine Ensemble: France and Colonies

    1. Paul Verlaine, ‘The Scene behind the Carriage-Window Panes’, in Poems of Paul Verlaine Trans. Gertrude Hall (New York: Duffield, 1906), p. 22.

    2. William Makepeace Thackeray, The Paris Sketchbook of Mr. M. A. Titmarsh; The Irish Sketch Book; & Notes of a Journey from Cornhill to Grand Cairo (New York: Caxton, 1840), pp. 265-267.

    3. Michael J. Quin, Steam Voyages on the Seine, the Moselle, & the Rhine, with Railroad Visits to the Principal Cities of Belgium, 2 vols. (London: H. Colburn, 1843), II, pp. 71-75.

    4. George Musgrave, The Parson, Pen, and Pencil: Or, Reminiscences and Illustrations of an Excursion to Paris, Tours, and Rouen in the Summer of 1847 (London: R. Bentley, 1848), I, pp. 124-135, II, pp. 251-252.

    5. George Musgrave, By-roads and Battle-fields in Picardy, 2 vols. (London: Bell and Daldy, 1861), I, pp. 12-13, 212-218.

    6. George Musgrave, A Ramble into Brittany, 2 vols. (London: Hurst and Blackett, 1870), I, pp. 91-94.

    7. Thomas Adolphus Trollope, Impressions of a Wanderer in Italy, Switzerland, France, and Spain (London: H. Colburn, 1850), pp. 261-264.

    8. Andrew Dickinson, My First Visit to Europe (New York: G. P. Putnam, 1851), pp. 158-160.

    9. Frank B. Goodrich, Tricolored Sketches in Paris during the Years 1851-2-3 (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1855), pp. 202-203, 205-206, 210, 216.

    10. Mark Twain, The Innocents Abroad (Hartford: American Publishing Company, 1875), pp. 106-112.

    11. Henry James, A Little Tour in France (Leipzig: B. Tauchnitz, 1885), pp. 258-261.

    12. Henry James, Portraits of Places (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co., [1911]), pp. 81-86.

    13. Émile Zola, Germinal (London: Chatto & Windus, 1914), pp. 1-10.

    14. Mary Raymond Williams, July and August of 1914 (Cleveland: [Press of the Brooks Company], 1915), pp. 78-103.

    15. Marcel Proust, Swann’s Way, 2 vols. Trans. C. K. Moncrieff (New York: Holt, 1922), I, pp, 154-155 II, pp. 104-105, 232-234.

    16. Angus B. Reach, Claret and Oliver, from the Garonne to the Rhone (New York: G. P. Putnam, 1853), pp. 63-68.

    17. Charles Richard Weld, The Pyrenees, West and East (London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts, 1859), pp. 29-35, 45-46, 49.

    18. Gordon Casserly, Algeria To-day, (New York: F. A. Stokes, n.d.), pp. 170-185.

    19. Lewis Gaston Leary, Syria, the Land of Lebanon (New York: McBride, Nast, 1913), pp. 72-78, 80-84, 86-87.

    Part 2: Pathbreakers and Stone Breakers: Belgium, Holland, and Colonies

    20. E. H. Derby, Two Months Abroad (Boston: Redding & Co., 1844), pp. 36-38.

    21. W. C. Dana, A Transatlantic Tour (Philadelphia: Perkins & Purves, 1845), pp. 195-197, 216-219.

    22. Compagnie du Congo pour le commerce et l’industrie, Brussels, The Congo Railway from Matadi to the Stanley-Pool (Brussels: P. Weissenbruch, 1889), pp. 106-110.

    23. E. D. Morel, Red Rubber: The Story of the Rubber Slave Trade Flourishing in the Congo in the Year of Grace 1906. With an Introduction by Sir Harry Johnston (New York: The Nassau Print, 1906), pp. 91-103.

    24. Reverend J. H. Whitehead, ‘Reports and Letter of Protest to the Governor-General’, in E. D. Morel, Recent Evidence from the Congo (Liverpool: J. Richardson & Sons, 1907), pp. 14-17.

    Part 3: Incongruous Eisenbahn: Railways in Austria, Switzerland, Germany, and Colonies

    25. J. G. Kohl, Austria, Vienna, Hungary, Bohemia, and the Danube (London: Chapman and Hall, 1843), pp. 156-158, 160.

    26. John W. Corson, Loiterings in Europe (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1848), pp. 222-227, 234-239, 263-266.

    27. Rachel Harriette Busk, The Valleys of Tirol: Their Traditions and Customs, and How to Visit Them (London: Longmans, Green, 1874), pp. 148-149, 168-170, 327.

    28. Robert L. Jefferson, A New Ride to Khiva (New York: New Amsterdam Book Co., 1900), pp. 32-43.

    29. E. H. Derby, Two Months Abroad (Boston: Redding & Co., 1844), pp. 20-32, 34-36.

    30. Samuel Laing, Notes of a Traveller, on the Social and Political State of France, Prussia, Switzerland, Italy, and Other Parts of Europe, Second ed. (Philadelphia: Carey and Hart, 1846), pp. 165-169.

    31. Nathaniel Parker Willis, Rural Letters and Other Records of Thought at Leisure (New York: Baker and Scribner, 1849), pp. 288-289.

    32. Mark Twain, A Tramp Abroad (Hartford, Conn.: American Publishing Company, 1899), pp. 24, 103, 547-549.

    33. Peter Rosegger, The Light Eternal [The Eternal Light] (London: T. Fisher Unwin, 1907), pp. 246-248.

    34. Adolf Friedrich (Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin), From the Congo to the Niger and the Nile, 2 vols. (London: Duckworth & Co., 1913), I, pp. 3-10, II, pp. 196-198.

    35. A. D. C. Russell, ‘The Bagdad Railway’, Quarterly Review 235, 1921, 307-315.

    Part 4: Italia, España, Lusitania: Railways in Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Colonies

    36. William J. L. Maxwell, Letters of an Engineer while on Service in Syria in Connection with the Proposed Euphrates Valley Railway and the Beyrout Waterworks (London: Marcus Ward & Co., [1886]), pp. 5-10.

    37. Lina Duff Gordon (Lady Duff Gordon, Caroline Lucie Duff Gordon, Mrs. Aubrey Waterfield), Home Life in Italy: Letters from the Apennines, Second ed. (London: Metheun, 1909), pp. 12-14, 147-151, 174-175, 181-182.

    38. Edmondo de Amicis. Spain and the Spaniards (New York: Putnam, 1885), pp. 277-278.

    39. Henry N. Shore, Three Pleasant Springs in Portugal (London: S. Low, Marston & Company, 1899), pp. 307-314.

    40. James Johnston, Reality versus Romance in South Central Africa (New York: F. H. Revell Company, 1893), pp. 32-35.

    Part 5: Iron Roads to the Iron Mountains of Scandinavia: Railways in Sweden, Norway, Finland, and Denmark

    41. Edwin Coolidge Kimball, Midnight Sunbeams, or, Bits of Travel through the Land of the Norseman (Boston: Cupples and Hurd, 1888), pp. 78-86.

    42. William Eleroy Curtis, Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (Akron, Ohio: The Saalfield Publishing Co., 1903), pp. 118-124, 127-128.

    43. Francis E. Clark and Sydney A. Clark, The Charm of Scandinavia (Boston: Little, Brown, 1914), pp. 153-156.

    44. Theóphile Gautier, A Winter in Russia Trans. M. M. Ripley (New York: H. Holt and Company, 1874), pp. 22-24.

    45. Finland Johnson Sherrick. Letters of Travel (N.p.: N.p., 1905), pp. 79-82.

    Part 6: Railways among the Ruins: Greece, Ottoman Empire (Turkey), Czechoslovakia, and Serbia

    46. Mark Twain, The Innocents Abroad (Hartford: American Publishing Company, 1875), pp. 417-418.

    47. Mrs. Brassey, Sunshine and Storm in the East, or Cruises to Cyprus and Constantinople (New York: H. Holt and Company, 1880), pp. 354-357, 362-364.

    48. Olive Gilbreath, ‘Men of Bohemia’, Harper’s Magazine 138, 1918-1919, 251-254.

    49. Mary Heaton Vorse, ‘Milorad’, Harper’s Magazine 140, 1919-1920, 256-262.

    Part 7: Russian Prologues, Dialogues, Travelogues

    50. Theóphile Gautier, A Winter in Russia, Trans. M. M. Ripley (New York: H. Holt and Company, 1874), pp. 236-242.

    51. Leo Tolstoy, Anna Karenina, Trans. Nathan Haskell Dole (New York: Thomas Y. Crowell Company, 1886), pp. 721-725.

    52. The photography of Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii (1863-1944), Prokudin-Gorskii Collection. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division. Washington D.C.


    Figure 1. Steam Engine with Prokudin-Gorskii carriage in background. 1910.

    Figure 2. On the handcar outside Petrozavodsk on the Murmansk railway. 1915.

    Figure 3. Uneven tracks near the Ladva Station on Murmansk railway. 1915.

    Figure 4. Bashkir Switchman. 1910.

    Figure 5. Peasant Girls of the Russian Empire. 1909.

    Figure 6. Bashkir woman in a folk costume. 1910.

    Figure 7. Catholic Armenian Women in customary dress. 1905-1915.

    Figure 8. Georgian women in holiday attire in the park of Borzhom. 1905-1915.

    53. Maurice Baring, Russian Essays and Stories, Second Ed. (London: Methuen, 1909), pp. 1-24, 52-55, 63-70.

    Part 8: Strategic Russian Railways, Resources, and Representations

    54. George Dobson, Russia’s Railway Advance into Central Asia; Notes of a Journey from St. Petersburg to Samarkand (London: W. H. Allen & Co., 1890), pp. 71-73, 102-104, 109-113, 125-132, 139-144.

    55. C. E. Biddulph, Four Months in Persia and a Visit to Trans-Caspia (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1892), pp. 112-117.

    56. Sir Henry Norman, All the Russias: Travels and Studies in Contemporary Russia, Finland, Siberia, the Caucasus, and Central Asia (New York: Scribner’s Sons, 1903), pp. 231-235, 237.

    Part 9: Test of the Russian Will: The Trans-Siberian Railway

    57. Robert L. Jefferson, Roughing it in Siberia (London: S. Low, Marston & Co., 1897), pp. 1-11.

    58. James Young Simpson, Side-lights on Siberia; Some Account of the Great Siberian Railroad, the Prisons and Exile System (Edinburgh and London: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1898), pp. 147-149.

    59. Isabella L. Bird, Korea and Her Neighbors: A Narrative of Travel, with an Account of the Recent Vicissitudes and Present Position of the Country (New York: Fleming H. Revell, 1898), pp. 239-244.

    60. Annette M. B. Meakin, A Ribbon of Iron (Westminster: A. Constable, 1901), pp. 21-25, 110-118, 156-159, 166-172, 273-277.

    61. Leo Deutsch, Sixteen Years in Siberia (New York: E. P. Dutton, 1905), pp. 140-144, 324-327.

    62. Lindon Bates Jr., The Russian Road to China (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1910), pp. 71-74.

    63. Richardson L. Wright and Bassett Digby, Through Siberia: An Empire in the Making (New York: McBride, Nast & Company, 1913), pp. 231-234.

    Part 10: The Iron Road Meets the Silk Road: Railways in Japan and China

    64. Narrative of the Expedition of an American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan, Performed in the Years 1852, 1853, and 1854, under the Command of Commodore M. C. Perry Comp. Francis L. Hawks, (New York: D. Appleton, 1856), pp. 414-418.

    65. Lilias Dunlop Finlay Swainson, Letters from China & Japan (London: Henry S. King & Co., 1875), pp. 177-178, 181-183, 194-196.

    66. Isabella Bird, Unbeaten Tracks in Japan. An Account of Travels on Horseback in the Interior, 2 vols. (New York: G. P. Putnam’s Sons, 1880), pp. 26-32.

    67. E. G. Holtham, Eight Years in Japan, 1873-1881. Work, Travel and Recreation (London: Kegan Paul, Trench & Co., 1883), pp. 6-11, 101-112, 122-131, 211-213, 216-217, 247-249, 253-254.

    68. W. S. Caine, A Trip Round the World in 1887-8 (London: G. Routledge & Sons, 1888), pp. 159-164.

    69. Lafcadio Hearn, Out of the East: Reveries and Studies in New Japan (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin, 1899), pp. 275-279.

    70. Mrs. Hugh Fraser, Letters from Japan (New Edition. New York: Macmillan Co., 1904), pp. 43-45, 326-328, 331.

    71. Marie C. Stopes, A Journal from Japan. A Daily Record of Life as Seen by a Scientist (London: Blackie, 1910), pp. 46, 105-106.

    72. Baroness Albert d’Anethan (Eleanora Mary Anethan), Fourteen Years of a Diplomatic Life in Japan (London: S. Paul & Co., [1912]), pp. 358-359.

    73. Frank E. Younghusband, The Heart of a Continent (New York: Scribner’s Sons, 1896), pp. 50-52.

    74. John Foster Fraser, The Real Siberia (London: Cassell, 1902), pp. 220-230.

    75. R. Logan Jack, The Back Blocks of China (London: E. Arnold, 1904), pp. 89-93.

    76. Richardson L. Wright and Bassett Digby, Through Siberia: An Empire in the Making (New York: McBride, Nast & Company, 1913), pp. 203-208.

    77. Sir Alexander Hosie, On the Trail of the Opium Poppy, 2 vols. (London: G. Philip & Son, 1914), I, pp. 3-4, 165-167, 169-172, II, pp. 82-84.

    78. C. E. Bechhofer, A Wanderer’s Log (London: Mills & Boon, 1922), pp. 91-93.


    Volume IV. The Americas

    Part 1: America the Perilous: Cultures of Speed, Equality, and Freedom in the United States

    1. Edward Hungerford, ‘Getting the Traffic Through’, Harper’s Magazine 119, 1909, 876-887.

    2. Letters from David Henshaw to the Boston Morning Post, on the Western Rail-Road, and the Greatly Beneficial Effects of Internal Improvements (Boston: Beals and Greene, 1839), pp. 3-8.

    3. Henry David Thoreau, Walden: A Story of Life in the Woods (New York: A. L. Burt, 1902 [originally published in 1854]), pp. 56-59.

    4. Isabella Bird (Mrs. Bishop), The Englishwoman in America (London: John Murray, 1856), pp. 90-115.

    5. Charles Weld, A Vacation Tour in the United States (London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1859), pp. 192-197, 245-253.

    6. Walt Whitman, ‘To a Locomotive in Winter’, in Leaves of Grass (London: D. Bogue, 1881), 358-359.

    7. Emily Pfeiffer, Flying Leaves from East to West (London: Field and Tuer, 1885), pp. 118-120.

    Part 2: Rivers of Iron: Cultures of Railway Construction and Management

    8. Henry L. Abbot and R. S. Williamson, ‘Narrative and Itinerary-Pit River Valley’, Report of Lieut. Henry L. Abbot upon Explorations for a Railroad Route from the Sacramento Valley to the Columbia River (Washington D.C.: 1857), pp. 56-75.

    9. ‘Railway Engineering in the United States, The Atlantic Monthly 2, 13 (Nov. 1858), 644-645.

    10. Charles De Lano Hine, Letters from an Old Railway Official to His Son, and Division Superintendant (Chicago: The Railway Age, 1904), pp. 1-17.

    Part 3: From Eastern Excursions to Transcontinental Tourism

    11. Isabella Bird (Mrs. Bishop), The Englishwoman in America (London: John Murray, 1856), pp. 125-126, 133-152.

    12. ‘New York’s Elevated Train’, Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, (May 25, 1878), p. 203.

    13. Figure 1, ‘The Elevated Train in New York’, Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, (September 7, 1878), p. 12.

    14. Isabella Bird (Mrs. Bishop), The Englishwoman in America (London: John Murray, 1856), pp. 153-158, 344-345, 439-441.

    15. William H. Rideing, ‘Scenery of the Pacific Railway’, Art Journal, New Series, III (1877), pp. 105-108, 137-140.

    16. W. G. Marshall, Through America: or, Nine Months in the United States (London: S. Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1881), pp. 239-241.

    17. Robert S. Minot, Railway Travel in Europe and America (Boston: A. Williams, 1882), pp. 9-12.

    18. J. L. Dow, The Australian in America (Melbourne: The "Leader" Office, 1884), pp. xi-xii, 19-21.

    19. George Edward Wright, ‘The Chicago Limited Express’, A Visit to the States, 2 vols. (London: G.E. Wright, 1887-88), pp. 362-372.

    20. Lilian Leland, Traveling Alone. A Woman’s Journey around the World (New York: American News Company, 1890), pp. 302-313.

    21. Lady Howard, Journal of a Tour in the United States, Canada, and Mexico (London: S. Low, Marston, 1897), pp. 76-80.

    22. John Foster Fraser, America at Work (London: Cassell, 1903), pp. 124-132.

    23. Isabella Bird, A Lady’s Life in the Rocky Mountains (London: John Murray, 1910), pp. 25-39.

    Part 4: Railroad Problems and Public Health in the U.S.

    24. Sidney Andrews. The South since the War (Boston: Ticknor and Fields, 1866), pp. 11, 28-32, 107-109, 201.

    25. Figure 2, ‘The Discomforts of Travel-Weary Passengers’, Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper, (February 9, 1878), pp. 389.

    26. David Christie Murray, The Cockney Columbus (London: Downey & Co., 1898), pp. 9, 98-106.

    27. William A. Pinkerton, Train Robberies, Train Robbers, and the "Holdup" Men (1907), pp. 8-11, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 56, 58.

    28. Jno. C. King and M. D. Banning, ‘Tuberculosis among Railroad Employees’, California State Journal of Medicine 11, 2 (Feb. 1913), pp. 70-71.

    29. ‘100 Killed, 100 Hurt in Train Wreck’, The New York Times, July 10, 1918, p. 10.

    30. ‘Scores Killed or Maimed in Brighton Beach Tunnel Wreck’, The New York Times, November 2, 1918, pp. 1, 6.

    Part 5: Extreme Encounters and The Octopus

    31. Rose G. Kingsley, South by West; or, Winter in the Rocky Mountains and Spring in Mexico (London: W. Isbister, 1874), pp. 160-162.

    32. Sir Richard Tangye, Reminiscences of Travel in Australia, America, and Egypt (Birmingham: Printed at the Herald Press, 1883), pp. 151-157.

    33. Theodore Roosevelt, ‘The Rough Riders’, Scribner’s Magazine 25, 2 (Feb. 1899), pp. 136-146.

    34. Frank Norris, The Octopus: A Story of California (New York: Doubleday, 1907), pp. 247-262.

    Part 6: The Best in the World: The Dominion of the Canadian Pacific Railway

    35. J. T. Breeze, The Dominion of Canada. The Great Institution of Our Country. A Poem on the Grand Trunk Railway (Montreal: n.p., 1867), pp. 6-8.

    36. Charles Westly Busk, Notes of a Journey from Toronto to British Columbia via the Northern Pacific Railway, June to July 1884, Being Letters to his Sister and Mother (London: Taylor and Francis, 1884), pp. 3-6.

    37. George Edward Wright, A Canadian Tour: A Report of Letters from the Special Correspondent of the Times (London: George Edward Wright, 1886), pp. 17-21.

    38. W. S. Caine, A Trip Round the World in 1887-8 (London: G. Routledge & Sons, 1888), pp. 92-118.

    39. James Francis Hogan, The Sister Dominions: Through Canada to Australia by the New Imperial Highway (London: Ward and Downey, 1896), pp. 91-96.

    40. George Edward Wright, A Canadian Tour: A Report of Letters from the Special Correspondent of the Times (London: George Edward Wright, 1886), pp. 22-29.

    41. David Christie Murray, The Cockney Columbus (London: Downey & Co., 1898), pp. 109, 150-156.

    42. John Foster Fraser, Canada as it Is (London: Cassell, 1905), pp. 153-160.

    Part 7: Corridos and Calaveras: Ballads of Mexican Railroads

    43. ‘The Railways from Vera Cruz to Jalapa and Mexico’, in Ferguson’s Anecdotical Guide to Mexico, with a Map of the Railways (Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen, & Haffelfinger, 1876), pp. 25-38.

    44. ‘The Corrido of the Electric Trains’, in ‘Corridos from the Porfiriato (the Early 1900s)’ in Nora E. Jaffary, Edward W. Osowski and Susie S. Porter (eds), Mexican History: A Primary Source Reader, Westview Press, 2010), pp. 288-291. Translation by the editors from original publication in Higinio Vazquez Santa Anna, Canciones, cantares y corridos mexicanos (Mexico: Segundo Tomo, León Sánchez, 1925-1931, 244-245, 247-249.

    45. John Stealey III (ed.), Porte Crayon’s Mexico: David Hunter Strother’s Diaries in the Early Porfirian Era, 1879-1885 (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 2006), pp. 741-743, 745-746.

    46. Fig. 3. Shooting on a Trolley, Fig. 4. Gran Calavera Eléctrica, Fig. 5. Collision of an Electric Streetcar with a Hearse, from José Guadalupe Posada’s Mexican Prints, Roberto Berdecio and Stanley Applebaum (eds.), Posada’s Popular Mexican Prints (New York: Dover Publications, 1972),

    47. John L. Stoddard, Lectures, 10 vols. (Boston: Balch, 1899), vol. VII: Mexico, pp. 89-90, 93-94, 97-98, 101-102, 105.

    48. Mexico’s Great Isthmus Route: A Souvenir of the Visit of President Porfirio Díaz to Tehuantepec to Inspect the Isthmus Railway and the Port Works at Coatzacoalcos and Salina Cruz (N.p, 1905), pp. 1-5.

    49. Johnson Sherrick. Letters of Travel (N.p, 1905), pp. 191-198.

    50. John Kenneth Turner, Barbarous Mexico (Chicago: C. H. Kerr, 1910), pp. 49-69.

    51. Robert Welles Ritchie, ‘The Passing of a Dictator’, Harper’s Magazine 124 (1911-1912), pp. 782-789.

    52. John Reed, Insurgent Mexico (New York: D. Appleton, 1914), pp. 175-187, 191-204.

    Part 8: Sugar, Coffee, and Bananas: Railroads in Cuba, Central America, and British Jamaica

    53. David Turnbull, Travels in the West: Cuba, with Notices of Porto Rico, and the Slave Trade (London: Longman, Orme, Green, and Longmans, 1840), pp. 194-197.

    54. W. T. Brigham, ‘An Uncommercial Republic’, Scribner’s Magazine 1 (Jan.-June 1887), pp. 711-716.

    55. Nevin O. Winter, Guatemala and Her People of To-day (Boston: L. C. Page and Company, 1909), pp. 24-29.

    56. Henry R. Blaney, The Golden Caribbean: A Winter Visit to the Republics of Colombia, Spanish Honduras, Belize, and the Spanish Main via Boston and New Orleans (Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1900), pp. 73-85.

    57. Henry R. Blaney, The Golden Caribbean: A Winter Visit to the Republics of Colombia, Spanish Honduras, Belize, and the Spanish Main via Boston and New Orleans (Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1900), pp. 87-93.

    58. Edgar M. Bacon and Eugene Murray-Aaron, The New Jamaica (New York and Kingston: A. W. Gardener, 1890), pp. 73-82.

    Part 9: Railroads as the Amazon in Tropical Brazil

    59. Franz Keller, The Amazon and Madeira Rivers. Sketches and Description from the Notebook of an Explorer (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1875), pp. 140, 157-158.

    60. Neville B. Craig, Recollections of an Ill-Fated Expedition to the Headwaters of the Madeira River (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott, 1907), pp. 367-369, 380-383.

    61. Frank Vincent, Around and About South America: Twenty Months of Quest and Query (New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1890), pp. 249-250, 260-261, 265-266, 303.

    62. Nevin O. Winter, Brazil and Her People of To-day (Boston: L. C. Page and Company, 1910), pp. 91-95, 127-133, 254-256.

    Part 10: Conquering América del Sur: aRailroad Cultures in the River Plate, Chile, and Caribbean South America

    63. Central Argentine Railway Company, Letters Concerning the Country of the Argentine Republic (South America), Being Suitable for Emigrants and Capitalists to Settle In (London: Waterlow and Sons, 1869), pp. 1-16, 32-33.

    64. John Foster Fraser, The Amazing Argentina. A New Land of Enterprise (London: Cassell, 1910), pp. 134-138.

    65. Carlos María de Pena, The Oriental Republic of Uruguay at the World’s Columbian Exhibition, Chicago, 1893 (Montevideo: n.p,, 1893), pp. 24, 36-38.

    66. W. H. Koebel, Paraguay (London: T. F. Unwin, 1917), pp. 231-239.


    67. Mrs. George B. Merwin, Three Years in Chili (New York: Follett, Foster, 1863), pp. 1-9, 121-123.

    68. Francis E. Clark, The Continent of Opportunity Second ed. (New York: Young People’s Missionary Movement of the United States and Canada, 1907), pp. 181-189.

    69. Johnson Sherrick, Around the World and South America (Canton, Ohio: The Repository Press, 1912), pp. 235-243.

    70. Adolfo de Clairmont, Guide to Modern Peru: Its Great Advantages and Vast Opportunities (Toledo, Ohio: Barkdull, 1907), pp. 50-60.

    71. Marie Robinson Wright, The Old and the New Peru (Philadelphia: G. Barrie & Sons, 1908), pp. 367-374, 377-386.

    72. Edward Whymper, Travels amongst the Great Andes of the Equator (New York: C. Scribner’s Sons, 1892), pp. 385-391.

    73. Marie Robinson Wright, Bolivia: The Central Highway of South America (Philadelphia: G. Barrie & Sons, 1907), pp. 203-218.

    74. Santiago Pérez Triana, Down the Orinoco in a Canoe (New York: Crowell, 1902), pp. 240-248.

    75. Henry R. Blaney, The Golden Caribbean: A Winter Visit to the Republics of Colombia, Spanish Honduras, Belize, and the Spanish Main via Boston and New Orleans (Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1900), pp. 4-12.

    76. Hamilton Mercer Wright, A Traveler in Northern Colombia (Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1918), pp. 6, 8, 10, 12, 14.

    77. Fassenden N. Otis, Illustrated History of the Panama Railroad (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1862), pp. 46, 49, 72, 75-82, 85-86, 89-92, 95-98, 103-104, 110, 115-116, 121, 127.





    Matthew Esposito is Professor of History at Drake University, USA