1st Edition

AI and Society Tensions and Opportunities

By Christo El Morr Copyright 2022
    326 Pages 27 B/W Illustrations
    by Chapman & Hall

    326 Pages 27 B/W Illustrations
    by Chapman & Hall

    AI's impact on human societies is and will be drastic in so many ways. AI is being adopted and implemented around the world, and government and universities are investing in AI studies, research, and development. However, very little research exists about the impact of AI on our lives. This book will address this gap; it will gather reflections from around the world to assess the impact of AI on different aspects of society as well as propose ways in which we can address this impact and the research agendas needed.

    Section 1: AI in Health: Contextual Challenges

    Chapter 1: The Human Factors of Artificial Intelligence - Where Are We Now and Where Are We Headed? Lessons Learned from AI in Healthcare

    Andre Kushniruk and Borycki Elizabeth

    Chapter 2: Artificial Intelligence and Safety in Healthcare

    Elizabeth Borycki and Andre Kushniruk

    Chapter 3: The Politics of Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare: Diagnosis and Treatment

    Anis Germani

    Section 2: AI Impact: Social and Legal Aspects

    Chapter 4: Analysis of the Impact of Algorithms in Siloing Users: Special Focus on YouTube

    Joseph Vybihal and Mika Desblancs

    Chapter 5: Affective Change through Affective Artificial Intelligence

    Michaela Pňaček(ová)

    Chapter 6: Artificial Intelligence Lenses: Citizens’ Guide to the Futures with Citizen Digital Twins

    Aleksi Kopponen, Tero Villman, Petri Kettunen, Tommi Mikkonen, Matti Rossi

    Chapter 7: Artificial Intelligence in the Sports Industry

    Teodor Dinca-Panaitescu and Serban Dinca-Panaitescu

    Chapter 8: The Use of Artificial Intelligence by Public Service Media: Between Advantages and Threats

    Minna Horowitz, Marko Milosavljević, Hildegarde Van den Bulck

    Chapter 9: Tackling Bias in AI and Promoting Responsible Research and Innovation: Insights from Discussions with Different Stakeholders

    Kalypso Iordanou and Josephina Antoniou

    Chapter 10: Promises and Bargains: The Emerging Algorithmic Contract

    Amanda Turnbull

    Chapter 11: Artificial Intelligence, Law and Vulnerabilities

    Jude Dzevela Kong, Kesha Fevrier, Jake Okechukwu Effoduh, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi

    Section 3: AI in Action: Ethical Challenges

    Chapter 12: Artificial Intelligence and Bias: a Scoping Review

    Bushra Kundi, Christo El Morr, Rachel Gorman, Ena Dua

    Chapter 13: Artificial Intelligence and Ethics: An Approach to Building Ethical by Design Intelligent Applications

    Fabrice Muhlenbach

    Chapter 14: AI-Driven IoT Systems and Corresponding Ethical Issues

    Nadine Y. Fares and Manar Jammal

    Chapter 15: Trustworthy Bioethicists within Lifecycles of Artificial Intelligence in Health

    Kristine Bærøe and Torbjørn Gundersen

    Section 4: AI and Humans: Philosophical Reflections

    Chapter 16: Can an AI Analyze Arguments? Argument-Checking and the Challenges of Assessing the Quality of Online Information

    Ruben Brave, Federica Russo, Ondrej Uzovic, Jean Wagemans

    Chapter 17: On The 21st Century Digital Toys: The Paradox of Data Literacy

    Anna-Mari Rusanen and Teppo Vesikukka

    Chapter 18: What Is the Value of a Person When Artificial Intelligence Can do All the Work?

    Michael Janzen and Neal DeRoo


    Dr. Christo El Morr is an Associate Professor of Health Informatics, the Health Informatics Certificate

    Coordinator, and former Undergraduate Program Director at the School of Health Policy and Management at York University; he is also a Research Scientist at North York General Hospital, Toronto.

    His research subscribes in an Equity Informatics perspective; it covers Patient-Centered Virtual Care (e.g., chronic disease management, mental health), Global Health Promotion for equity (e.g., equity health promotion), Human Rights Monitoring (e.g., disability rights, bender-based violence), and Equity AI (e.g., patient readmission, disability advocacy).

    As a theologian and a poet, his wider intellectual contribution to Social Justice subscribes in a defense of the human person against alienation, be it in the form of infringement of human freedom or dignity in face of irrational powers and exploitation. His intellectual work encompasses work of freedom from oppression (e.g., analysis of exclusive identities, communion and solidarity, freedom, liberation of reason), freedom from exploitation (e.g., analysis of illusions of freedom, political and religious exploitation), and freedom to celebrate life (e.g., poetry).