This latest edition of AS Law has been fully updated to meet the requirements of the most recent changes to the specifications of both AQA and OCR examination boards. This title
- is tailored to the NEW four-module specifications for both AQA and OCR (although also suitable for the existing six-module specifications)
- includes a new chapter on Contract as part of the section on The Concept of Liability
- contains coverage of recent legal changes includes the effects of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005, especially concerning appointment of judges and the role of senior officers, such as the Lord Chancellor; reform of the powers of the police; recent statutes and cases particularly useful in preparing for questions involving judicial precedent and statutory interpretation.
- is written by authors who are experienced teachers, writers and examiners for AS/A-level law.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Law-making: sources of law in the English legal system 1. European Law Introduction Development of the European Union European institutions Legislation created by European law The effects of the European Union on national sovereignty Summary Tasks 2. Domestic legislative processes and institutions The UK Parliament The legislative process Parliamentary supremacy Summary Tasks 3. Delegated legislation The nature of delegated legislation Types of delegated legislation Controlling delegated legislation Summary Tasks 4. Influences upon Parliament and law reform The Law Commission Other aspects of law reform Royal Commissions The Civil Service Political considerations Public opinion Summary Tasks 5. Statutory interpretation The problems of interpreting statutes Presumptions Rules of language Approaches to interpretation and the Human Rights Act The 'rules' of interpretation Aids to interpretation The present-day approach Summary Tasks 6 .The doctrine of judicial precedent Law reporting The hierarchy of courts The House of Lords The Court of Appeal What makes a case important? Avoiding an awkward precedent - how far is a judge bound? Precedent in the lower courts Precedent in the criminal courts Summary Tasks Part 2: Dispute Solving (1): The Machinery of Justice 7. The court structure and appeal routes Original jurisdiction of civil and criminal courts Courts with appellate jurisdiction Civil and criminal processes Bail Summary Tasks 8. Alternatives to the courts Tribunals Other alternative methods of dispute resolution Summary Tasks 9. Police powers The balance of detection and protection Powers of stop and search Powers of arrest Powers of detention and the treatment of suspects at the police station Summary Tasks Part 3: Dispute solving (2): Legal Personnel 10. The legal profession Barristers Solicitors Other professionals Summary Tasks 11. Access to justice funding advice and representation The background Funding of civil cases Funding of criminal cases Summary Tasks 12. The judges Inferior judges Superior judges The role of the judge and judicial independence Appointment, training, retirement and removal from office Judicial independence Summary Tasks 13. Lay people in the legal system Jurors Magistrates Summary Tasks Part 4: The Concept of Liability 14. Criminal law Actus reus Mens rea Strict liability offences Coincidence of actus reus and mens rea Non-fatal offences against the person Proposals for reform Summary Tasks 15. The law of tort The tort of negligence Duty of care Breach of duty Damage caused The law of torts and criminal law Summary Tasks 16. Contract law Offer and acceptance Consideration Intent to create legal relations Breach Summary Tasks 17. Sanctions and remedies Sanctions Remedies Summary Tasks Part 5: Key Skills and Practice in Examination Questions 18. Key skills 19. Source-based exercises 20. Examination advice and practice examination questions 21. Answers guide Legal resources