Abdominal Radiology for the Small Animal Practitioner: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Abdominal Radiology for the Small Animal Practitioner

1st Edition

By Judith Hudson, William Brawner, Merrilee Holland, Margaret Blaik

Teton NewMedia

157 pages

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pub: 2001-12-11
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This text is meant to be a handy cookbook which can be quickly grabbed from the self and provide the practitioner with essential information on abdominal radiography. This practical presentation consists of the uses and interpretations of abdominal plain film for the small animal practitioner or technician. The text describes the normal appearance of the abdomen, ways in which the radiographic appearance changes to reflect disease, and common abdominal disorders. Discussions in the text also include techniques for better radiographs and steps to good film reading. The lay-flat binding is ideal for practical use in the clinic.

Published by Teton New Media in the USA and distributed by CRC Press outside of North America.

Table of Contents

Section1 Introduction and

Radiographic Technique

Some Helpful Hints

Indications for Abdominal Radiography

Role of Radiology in Patient Management

Steps to Good Film Reading

Step One: Technical Factors for

Abdominal Radiography

Step Two: Using a System for Interpretation

Step Three: Roentgen or Radiographic Signs

Step Four: Differential Diagnoses

Step Five: What’s Next?

Section2Normal Radiographic

Anatomy of the Abdomen

Viewing the Film










Lymph Nodes

Section3Peritoneal Cavity

Normal Appearance

Increased Peritoneal Opacity

Terminology – Synonyms

Decreased Peritoneal Opacity–Gas

Causes of Intraluminal Gas Accumulation

Causes of Extraluminal Gas Accumulation

Radiographic (Roentgen)

Signs of Extraluminal Gas

Decreased Peritoneal Opacity–Fat

Causes of Abnormal Fat Opacities

Radiographic (Roentgen) Signs

Disruption of Borders of the Peritoneal Cavity

Diaphragmatic Hernia

Hiatal Hernia

Peritoneopericardial Hernia

Inguinal or Ventral Hernia

Perineal Hernia

Section4 Intra-abdominal Masses

Evaluation of an Abdominal Mass

Gastric Masses

Generalized Hepatomegaly

Focal Hepatomegaly

Differentiate the Stomach

Renal Masses

Adrenal Mass

Diffuse Splenomegaly

Focal Splenomegaly

Mesenteric/Enteric Masses

Pancreatic Masses

Ovarian Masses

Masses Involving Urinary Bladder

Prostatic Masses

Uterine Masses

Caudal Sublumbar Masses

Section5Alimentary Tract

Contrast Media


Ionic Organic Iodine

Non-Ionic Organic Iodine Preparations

Esophageal/Gastrointestinal Contrast Procedures

Radiography of the Esophagus

Contrast Examination of the Esophagus–Esophagram

Esophagram Technique

Disorders of the Esophagus

Esophageal Foreign Bodies


Vascular Ring Anomalies

Esophageal Masses

Radiography of the Stomach and Small Intestine

Survey Radiographs

Contrast Examination of the

Stomach and Small Intestine–Indications

Upper Gastrointestinal Series

Normal Upper GI Series


Small Intestine

Differences in Cats

Principles of Interpretation

Other Contrast Procedures

Upper GI Series with Iodine


Double Contrast Gastrogram

Disorders of the Stomach

Gastric Foreign Body

Gastric Torsion/Dilatation

Pyloric Outflow Obstruction

Gastric Neoplasia

Gastroesophageal Intussusception

Disorders of Small Intestine


Mechanical Obstruction

Foreign Body


Inflammatory Diseases Without Ulceration


Infiltrative Disease

Radiography of the Large Intestine

Contrast Radiography of the Large Intestine


Barium Enema

Double Contrast Barium Enema

Disorders of the Large Intestine


Ileocolic Intussusception

Cecal Inversion

Infiltrative Diseases

Mucosal Diseases (Colitis)

Section6Urinary Tract

Selection of Appropriate Contrast Procedure

Contrast Examination of the Urinary Bladder


Positive Contrast Cystogram

Negative Contrast Cystogram (Pneumocystogram)

Double Contrast Cystogram

Vesicoureteral Reflux

Disorders of the Urinary Bladder

Urinary Calculi

Ruptured Bladder


Emphysematous Cystitis

Urinary Bladder Neoplasia

Contrast Examination of the Urethra (Urethrography)

Disorders of the Urethra

Urethral Calculi

Obstructive Uropathy

Ruptured Urethra

Contrast Examination of the Kidneys and

Ureters–Excretory Urogram

Normal Excretory Urogram

Arteriogram Phase

Nephrogram Phase

Pyelogram Phase

Cystogram Phase

Disorders of the Kidneys and Ureters

Chronic Renal Disease

Renal Dysplasia

Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder


Renal Calculi


Renal Neoplasia

Polycystic Renal Disease

Perirenal Pseudocyst

Compensatory Hypertrophy

Functional Evaluation of the Kidney

Ruptured Ureter

Ureteral Ileus

Ureteral Calculi

Primary Ureteritis

Ectopic Ureter

Section7Reproductive Tract

Female: Uterus and Ovaries


Disorders of the Female Reproductive Tract

Pyometra and Other Causes of

Uterine Enlargement


Fetal Death

Ovarian Neoplasia

Disorders of the Male Reproductive Tract

Retained Testicles and Prostate Gland

Testicular Masses

Prostatic Enlargement

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia


Prostatic Abscess

Prostatic Neoplasia

Prostatic and Paraprostatic Cysts



Renal Agenesis

Malpositioned Kidneys

Kartagener’s Syndrome

Recommended Readings

About the Series

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
MEDICAL / Veterinary Medicine / Food Animal