1st Edition

Abdominal Radiology for the Small Animal Practitioner

    168 Pages
    by Teton NewMedia

    157 Pages
    by Teton NewMedia

    This text is meant to be a handy cookbook which can be quickly grabbed from the self and provide the practitioner with essential information on abdominal radiography. This practical presentation consists of the uses and interpretations of abdominal plain film for the small animal practitioner or technician. The text describes the normal appearance of the abdomen, ways in which the radiographic appearance changes to reflect disease, and common abdominal disorders. Discussions in the text also include techniques for better radiographs and steps to good film reading. The lay-flat binding is ideal for practical use in the clinic.

    Published by Teton New Media in the USA and distributed by CRC Press outside of North America.

    Section1 Introduction and
    Radiographic Technique
    Some Helpful Hints
    Indications for Abdominal Radiography
    Role of Radiology in Patient Management
    Steps to Good Film Reading
    Step One: Technical Factors for
    Abdominal Radiography
    Step Two: Using a System for Interpretation
    Step Three: Roentgen or Radiographic Signs
    Step Four: Differential Diagnoses
    Step Five: What’s Next?
    Section2Normal Radiographic
    Anatomy of the Abdomen
    Viewing the Film
    Lymph Nodes
    Section3Peritoneal Cavity
    Normal Appearance
    Increased Peritoneal Opacity
    Terminology – Synonyms
    Decreased Peritoneal Opacity–Gas
    Causes of Intraluminal Gas Accumulation
    Causes of Extraluminal Gas Accumulation
    Radiographic (Roentgen)
    Signs of Extraluminal Gas
    Decreased Peritoneal Opacity–Fat
    Causes of Abnormal Fat Opacities
    Radiographic (Roentgen) Signs
    Disruption of Borders of the Peritoneal Cavity
    Diaphragmatic Hernia
    Hiatal Hernia
    Peritoneopericardial Hernia
    Inguinal or Ventral Hernia
    Perineal Hernia
    Section4 Intra-abdominal Masses
    Evaluation of an Abdominal Mass
    Gastric Masses
    Generalized Hepatomegaly
    Focal Hepatomegaly
    Differentiate the Stomach
    Renal Masses
    Adrenal Mass
    Diffuse Splenomegaly
    Focal Splenomegaly
    Mesenteric/Enteric Masses
    Pancreatic Masses
    Ovarian Masses
    Masses Involving Urinary Bladder
    Prostatic Masses
    Uterine Masses
    Caudal Sublumbar Masses
    Section5Alimentary Tract
    Contrast Media
    Ionic Organic Iodine
    Non-Ionic Organic Iodine Preparations
    Esophageal/Gastrointestinal Contrast Procedures
    Radiography of the Esophagus
    Contrast Examination of the Esophagus–Esophagram
    Esophagram Technique
    Disorders of the Esophagus
    Esophageal Foreign Bodies
    Vascular Ring Anomalies
    Esophageal Masses
    Radiography of the Stomach and Small Intestine
    Survey Radiographs
    Contrast Examination of the
    Stomach and Small Intestine–Indications
    Upper Gastrointestinal Series
    Normal Upper GI Series
    Small Intestine
    Differences in Cats
    Principles of Interpretation
    Other Contrast Procedures
    Upper GI Series with Iodine
    Double Contrast Gastrogram
    Disorders of the Stomach
    Gastric Foreign Body
    Gastric Torsion/Dilatation
    Pyloric Outflow Obstruction
    Gastric Neoplasia
    Gastroesophageal Intussusception
    Disorders of Small Intestine
    Mechanical Obstruction
    Foreign Body
    Inflammatory Diseases Without Ulceration
    Infiltrative Disease
    Radiography of the Large Intestine
    Contrast Radiography of the Large Intestine
    Barium Enema
    Double Contrast Barium Enema
    Disorders of the Large Intestine
    Ileocolic Intussusception
    Cecal Inversion
    Infiltrative Diseases
    Mucosal Diseases (Colitis)
    Section6Urinary Tract
    Selection of Appropriate Contrast Procedure
    Contrast Examination of the Urinary Bladder
    Positive Contrast Cystogram
    Negative Contrast Cystogram (Pneumocystogram)
    Double Contrast Cystogram
    Vesicoureteral Reflux
    Disorders of the Urinary Bladder
    Urinary Calculi
    Ruptured Bladder
    Emphysematous Cystitis
    Urinary Bladder Neoplasia
    Contrast Examination of the Urethra (Urethrography)
    Disorders of the Urethra
    Urethral Calculi
    Obstructive Uropathy
    Ruptured Urethra
    Contrast Examination of the Kidneys and
    Ureters–Excretory Urogram
    Normal Excretory Urogram
    Arteriogram Phase
    Nephrogram Phase
    Pyelogram Phase
    Cystogram Phase
    Disorders of the Kidneys and Ureters
    Chronic Renal Disease
    Renal Dysplasia
    Transitional Cell Carcinoma of the Urinary Bladder
    Renal Calculi
    Renal Neoplasia
    Polycystic Renal Disease
    Perirenal Pseudocyst
    Compensatory Hypertrophy
    Functional Evaluation of the Kidney
    Ruptured Ureter
    Ureteral Ileus
    Ureteral Calculi
    Primary Ureteritis
    Ectopic Ureter
    Section7Reproductive Tract
    Female: Uterus and Ovaries
    Disorders of the Female Reproductive Tract
    Pyometra and Other Causes of
    Uterine Enlargement
    Fetal Death
    Ovarian Neoplasia
    Disorders of the Male Reproductive Tract
    Retained Testicles and Prostate Gland
    Testicular Masses
    Prostatic Enlargement
    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
    Prostatic Abscess
    Prostatic Neoplasia
    Prostatic and Paraprostatic Cysts
    Renal Agenesis
    Malpositioned Kidneys
    Kartagener’s Syndrome
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