1st Edition

Above and Beyond Exploring the Business of Space

    206 Pages 27 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    206 Pages 27 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    The global space sector has always been regarded as a cutting-edge field, futuristic and at the forefront of innovation. In recent years, the sector has undergone massive change, giving rise to a high-technology niche worth over $330 billion in revenues worldwide and growing. That process, encompassing a greater and more diverse set of actors, has been described as the "democratization of space."

    Above and Beyond: Exploring the Business of Space provides a comprehensive and current overview of the business of space and its distinctive competitive dynamics. The book explores the commercialization of space, taking the reader on a journey from the era of the Space Race up to the present and beyond. Focusing on both state and commercial actors, the book provides an exhaustive panoramic view of an area of growing human endeavour and ambition that is both informative and fascinating. As the business of space continues to develop and grow at a remarkable pace, the book offers a thoughtful and timely analysis of its past, present and future scenarios.

    While providing a critical assessment of the business of space, this book offers valuable insights to academics, policy makers and anyone with a keen interest in the sector, as well as useful lessons from emerging commercial and traditional space actors that have broader applicability to other industries and their managers.


    List of Figures

    List of Tables


    Section One: Overview and Trends

    Chapter One: Introduction and background: the global space sector

      1. Introduction
      2. The conceptualisation of the business of space: a globalisation perspective
      3. De-territorialisation and re-territorialisation
      4. Origins of space
      5. Conclusion

    Chapter Two: Globalisation and pivotal role of the space industry

    2.1 Introduction

    2.2 The Pivotal Role of the Space Industry in fostering Globalization

    2.3 The fraying of Globalization

    2.4 Conclusion

    Chapter Three: Industry Analysis I – The Upstream Segment

    3.1 Introduction

    3.2 Industry Definition

    3.3 Current State of the Upstream Segment

    3.4 The Launch Industry

    3.5 Satellite Manufacturing

    3.6 Resources

    3.7 Military Sector

    3.8 Space Exploration Sector

    3.9 Manned Space Flight Sector

    3.10 Conclusion

    Chapter Four: Industry Analysis II – The Downstream Segment

    4.1 Introduction

    4.2 The current state of the downstream segment

    4.3 Satellite Communication Services

    4.4 Satellite Earth Observation

    4.5 Satellite Weather and Climate Monitoring

    4.6 Global Positioning and Navigation Services

    4.7 Space Tourism

    4.8 Conclusion

    Section Two: The National Players

    Chapter Five: The USA space program

    5.1 Introduction

    5.2 The Space Race spurs Investment in Space Technology

    5.3 NASA’s Creation and Organisational Setup

    5.4 Shared Norms and Mission lead to Outperformance

    5.5 Expanded Regulation and Organisational Inertia

    5.6 The Faster, Better, Cheaper Approach brings Mixed Results

    5.7 Funding and Policy Uncertainty

    5.8 Critiques of NASA

    5.9 Emergence of the Commercial Space Industry

    5.10 NASA"s Capability Development in Collaborating with Commercial Space

    5.11 A Shifting Industry: from Hierarchy to Network

    Chapter Six: The main country players

    6.1 Introduction

    6.2 The Long Established Players

    6.3 The Fast Growing Emerging Economy Players

    6.4 Other Players

    6.5 Space Service Economy Country Players

    6.6 Conclusion

    Section Three: Looking Ahead

    Chapter Seven: Future Trajectories

    7.1 Scenarios for the Future of the Space Sector

    7.2 Forecasts for Space Applications

    7.3 Comparison with Other Industry Sectors

    7.4 Forces Impacting the Space Sector

    7.5 Key Strategic Issues

    7.6 Further Potential

    7.7 International Business Perspective



    Louis Brennan is a Fellow of Trinity College and Professor within the Trinity Business School at Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. He has published extensively in the fields of International Business, Operations and Technology Management.

    Loizos Heracleous is Professor of Strategy at Warwick Business School, UK. He received his PhD from the University of Cambridge and a DSc from the University of Warwick for lifetime contributions to his field.

    Alessandra Vecchi is Assistant Professor in the Department of Management at the University of Bologna in Italy, where she holds a Marie Curie Fellowship, and works as Senior Research Fellow at London College of Fashion at the University of London Arts, UK.

    'Government space exploration is rapidly making way for privately-driven space commerce. Above and Beyond is an excellent treatise on the current state of the space enterprise and how it affects and is affected by commercial globalization trends.' — David Alexander, PhD, Director, Rice Space Institute, USA

    'A successful attempt to harness the convergence of divergent domains with lucidity, clarity and brevity. The analysis of the business of space is a thoughtfully dissected treatise on globalization which may serve as a compass for imagination, invention and innovation.' — Dr Shoumen Datta, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA