This edited volume’s chief aim is to bring together, in an English-language source, the principal histories and narratives of some of the most significant academies and national schools of art in South America, Mexico, and the Caribbean, from the late 18th to the early 20th centuries.
The book highlights not only issues shared by Latin American academies of art but also those that differentiate them from their European counterparts. Authors examine issues including statutes, the influence of workshops and guilds, the importance of patronage, discourses of race and ethnicity in visual pedagogy, and European models versus the quest for national schools. It also offers first-time English translations of many foundational documents from several significant academies and schools.
This book will be of interest to scholars in art history, Latin American and Hispanic studies, and modern visual cultures.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Oscar E. Vázquez
- Argentina. "Between Buenos Aires and Europe: Cosmopolitanism, Pensionnaires and Arts Education in late 19th Argentina." María Isabel Baldassare
- Brazil. "From ‘Academy’ to ‘School’: Transformations in the Academy of Fine Arts in Rio de Janeiro, 1816-1930." Arthur Valle
- Chile. "Visual Arts Education in Chile: Construction and Development of a State-led Artistic System (1849-1959)." Pablo Berrios González and Natalia Vargas Márquez
- Colombia. "Forming the National School of Fine Arts in Colombia: Local desires and external influences." Olga Acosta Luna
- Cuba. "The Coloniality of Aesthetics: Regulating Race and Buen Gusto in Cuba’s Nineteenth-Century Academy." Paul Niell
- Ecuador. "Art Academies and the emergence of a modern artistic system in Ecuador: 1848-1925." Trinidad Pérez Arias
- Mexico. "Between Peninsulares and Mexican Academicians: Jerónimo Gil and the Founding of the San Carlo Academy in New Spain. Eduardo Báez Macías
- Peru. "The first decade Peru’s National School of Fine Arts: Nationalism and Indigenismo in the ‘Patria Nueva’." Luis Eduardo Wuffarden
- Uruguay. "Pedro Figari’s innovative project in education and art."
Oscar E. Vázquez is Professor of Art History at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
"Various scholars who work on Latin American art history have long noted the absence of substantive work on art academies and museums in Latin America. This timely volume is welcome and hopefully represents a trend that will continue to develop our understanding of art institutions, art practices, and cultural politics in nineteenth-century Latin American countries."
--Ray Hernández-Durán, University of New Mexico
"Academies and Schools of Art in Latin America is an ambitious collection ... It presents developments in nine different countries and across a chronology that stretches for more than a century."