1st Edition

Achieving Biodiversity Protection in Megadiverse Countries A Comparative Assessment of Australia and Brazil

    312 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    310 Pages 12 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    This volume systematically analyses why legal doctrines for the protection of biodiversity are not sufficiently effective. It examples implementation in Australia and Brazil, two megadiverse countries with very differing legal and cultural traditions and natural environments.

    Substantial effort goes into the development and interpretation of legal doctrines for the protection of biodiversity in national and international law. Despite this, biodiversity continues in steep decline. Nowhere is this more evident than in megadiverse countries, such as Australia and Brazil, which possess the greatest number and diversity of animals and plants on Earth. The book covers a wide range of topics, including farming, mining, marine environments, indigenous interests and governance. Achieving Biodiversity Protection in Megadiverse Countries highlights specific causes of underperformance in protecting diverse terrestrial and marine environments. It provides proposals for more effective implementation in these two jurisdictions, relevant to other megadiverse territories, and for biodiversity protection generally. Each chapter was written by teams of Australian and Brazilian authors, so that similar issues are considered across both jurisdictions, to provide both country-specific and generalisable insights.

    Achieving Biodiversity Protection in Megadiverse Countries will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental law and governance and biodiversity conservation, as well as policymakers, practitioners and NGOs working in these fields.

    List of figures

    List of tables

    List of contributors



    List of acronyms and abbreviations

    1: The issues, methods and evidence

    2: Controlling the biodiversity impacts of agriculture

    3: Biodiversity risk management in mining 

    4: Creating and managing marine protected areas

    5: Social justice and the management of protected areas

    6: Low impact recreational use and biodiversity protection

    7: Partnered governance of biodiversity

    8: Biodiversity intelligence from satellites

    9: The challenge of using drones

    10: Funding biodiversity conservation

    11: Governing the governance system

    12: Strategies to improve outcomes

    Appendix A: Legislation list

    Appendix B: International material

    Appendix C: Cases



    Paul Martin is the Director of the Australian Centre for Agriculture and Law at the University of New England in Australia, and a member of the Research Committee of the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law. He has conducted extensive research on the implementation of biodiversity protection a number of countries.

    Marcia Dieguez Leuzinger is an Environmental Law Professor at Brasilia University Centre – UniCEUB, and a State Attorney for Parana. She has undergraduate, masters and doctoral degrees in Sustainable Development from Brasilia University – UnB and leads the Environmental Law and Sustainable Development Research Group at UniCEUB.

    Solange Teles Da Silva is a Law Professor at Mackenzie Presbyterian University. She graduated in Law at Sao Paulo University and has a PhD in Environmental Law at Paris I – Pantheon Sorbonne University. She has a CNPq Research Productivity Fellowship in Brazil, and is the Leader of the Research Group on Law and Sustainable Development. She is actively involved in the IUCN Academy of Environmental Law.

    Gabriel Leuzinger Coutinho is an electrical engineer with an MBA in Project Management from the Fundação Getúlio Vargas, and an MSc in Sustainability Policy and Management from the University of Brasília (UnB). He is currently a PhD student at UnB's Center for Sustainable Development, and is a coordinator of the environmental law and sustainable development research group at UniCEUB.