Active Lavas : Monitoring and Modelling book cover
1st Edition

Active Lavas
Monitoring and Modelling




ISBN 9781032350707
Published October 13, 2022 by Routledge
388 Pages

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Book Description

Originally published in 1993, Active Lavas looks at the practical aspects of monitoring uncontrolled streams of molten rock and how field data can be applied for theoretical modelling and forecasting the growth of lava flows. It describes the basic features of common subaerial lava flows and domes – both on Earth and on other bodies in the Solar System – before discussing the logistics of measuring lava properties during eruption and how these measurements are used to develop simple theoretical models for forecasting flow behaviour.

Table of Contents

Part 1: Morphology Preface 1. The Emplacement of Silicic Lava Flows and Associated Hazards Jonathan H. Fink 2. The Blocky Andesitic Lava Flows of Arenal Volcano, Costa Rica Scott R. Linneman and Andrea Borgia 3. Aa Lavas of Mount Etna, Sicily Christopher R. J. Kilburn and John E. Guest 4. Extra-terrestrial Lava Flows Rosaly M. C. Lopes-Gautier Part 2: Monitoring Preface 5. Field Observation of Active Lava in Hawaii: Some Practical Considerations Robert I. Tilling & Donald W. Peterson 6. Measuring the Properties of Flowing Lavas Harry Pinkerton 7. Convection Heat Transfer Rates in Molten Lava Harry C. Hardee 8. Remote Sensing of Active Lava David A. Rothery & David C. Pieri Part 3: Modelling Preface 9. Modelling The Rheology and Cooling of Lava Flows Michele Dragoni 10. Lava Crusts, aa Flow Lengthening and the Pahoehoe-aa Transition Christopher R. J. Kilburn 11. Thermal Feedback Mechanisms and their Potential Influence on the Emplacement of Lavas Harry C. Hardee 12. Cellular Automata Methods For Modelling Lava Flows: Simulation of the 1987-1987 Eruption, Mount Etna, Sicily D. Barca, G. M. Crisci, S. Di Gregorio & F. Nicoletta 13. A Short Introduction To Continuum Mechanics Søren-Aksel Sørensen Part 4: Mediating Preface 14. Interactions Between Scientists, Civil Authorities and the Public at Hazardous Volcanoes Donald W. Peterson & Robert I. Tilling.

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Editor(s)

Biography

Christopher R. J. Kilburn is Professor of Volcanology and Geophysical Hazards at University College London. Bill McGuire is Emeritus Professor of Earth Sciences at UCL. John Murray

Reviews

Reviews of the original edition of Active Lavas: ‘The fourteen papers assembled here provide an excellent overview of thinking on lava emplacement.’ Clive Oppenheimer, Geological Magazine, Vol 131, Issue 3.