Actors and Dynamics in the Syrian Conflict's Middle Phase
Between Contentious Politics, Militarization and Regime Resilience
- Available for pre-order. Item will ship after March 8, 2022
This volume covers the "middle" time period of the Syrian uprising, roughly from 2012 when Syria’s peaceful protest began to mutate into a violent insurgency and civil war until roughly 2018 when the conflict took on features of a "frozen conflict."
The middle period was important as one of key junctures or turning points when the struggle could have reached rather different outcomes. Non-violent protest failed to drive democratization and turned into violent insurrection but revolution from below also failed as did regime counter-insurgency, leaving protracted civil war the default outcome. Second, the consequences of civil war became evident with five themes: failing statehood coexisted with regime resilience; rebel governance emerged as a viable challenge to the regime; social forces were sharply polarized; external actors exacerbated internal divisions; a predatory war economy emerged; and intense violence led to massive displacement of the population.
Taking an innovative and interdisciplinary approach that seeks to capture the full complexity of the phenomenon, this book contributes significantly to our understanding of the Syrian conflict, therefore it will be of interest to academics, students, journalists and policy-makers interested in the Syrian civil war.
Table of Contents
- Introduction, The Syrian Uprising: Between Peaceful Protest and State Failure
Jasmine K. Gani and Raymond Hinnebusch, with time-line by Ferdinand Arslanian
- Governance amidst Civil War: from Failing Statehood to Competitive regime Re-formation
- Three Faces of the Syrian Contentious Movement: ‘Externalisation’ of Contention in the Middle Phase of the Syrian Conflict
Jasmine K. Gani
- The Syrian Civil War’s 2015 Impasse: How Russia’s Intervention Turned the Tide
- International Conflict Mediation in Syria: From ‘Transformation’ to ‘Containment’
- The Struggle for Territory: Territorial fragmentation and Competitive Governance in Syria through three case studies
- The Syrian Interim Government: Potential thwarted by domestic ‘irrelevance’ and foreign neglect
- Who owns the law? Logics of Insurgent Courts in the Syrian War (2012 – 2017)
Regine Schwab and Samer Massoud
- The Battle for Deir ez-Zor (2011-2017)
- Alawite Opposition and the Rise of ISIS
- Tribes at War
- Tracing Kurdish Politics in Syria and its Prospects
Filiz Katman and Dilshad Muhammad
- How did Muhajiroun become Jihadists? Foreign Fighters and the Geopolitics of the Conflict in Syria
Masaki Mizobuchi and Yutaka Takaoka
- Capital, Business Elites and the Syrian Uprising
- Syria’s Banking Sector: from crony capitalism to a survivalist strategy amidst the Syrian conflict
- Division and Cooperation among Syrian Businessmen in Turkey: an Investigation of the Political and Economic Behaviour of Syrian Business Migrants
- Syrians and the Quest for their voice
Naomí Ramírez Díaz
- Syrian Intellectuals and the Media: competing narratives and discursive wars
- The Syrian Humanitarian Disaster: Understanding Perceptions and Aspirations in Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey
- Trans-local Activism and the Syrian struggle in global politics – Civil society, agency, and ‘new’ political spaces
Part I. Critical Junctures
Part II. Local Contentious Politics
Part III. Militarisation, Division, and Regime Resilience
Part IV. The War Economy
Part V. Transnationalism in the Syrian Conflict: Intellectuals to Refugees
Jasmine K. Gani is Senior Lecturer in the School of International Relations and Co-Director of the Centre for Syrian Studies at the University of St Andrews. Her research, supervision, and teaching focus on three main areas: the history of European and US empires in the Middle East and Asia, with particular focus on US-Syrian relations; ideologies and social movements in the Middle East; and postcolonial thought and history. She is the author of The Role of Ideology in Syrian-US Relations: Conflict and Cooperation, and co-editor of the Routledge Handbook on the Middle East and North Africa State and States System (with Raymond Hinnebusch).
Raymond Hinnebusch is professor of International relations and Middle East politics and founder and Director of the Centre for Syrian Studies at the University of St. Andrews. His works include Authoritarian Power and State Formation in Ba’thist Syria (1990) and Syria: Revolution from above (Routledge: 2001); he co-edited Syria: From Reform to Revolt, (Syracuse, 2014); The Syria Uprising: Domestic Factors and Early Trajectory (Routledge 2018) and The War for Syria: Regional and International factors in the Syrian Conflict (Routledge 2019), and edited After the Arab Uprisings: between democratization, counter-revolution and state failure, (Routledge 2016).