2nd Edition

Acupuncture An Anatomical Approach, Second Edition

By Houchi Dung Copyright 2014
    256 Pages 107 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Practiced for more than 2,000 years, acupuncture was once restricted to the realm of alternative medicine. It was thought to be based on mythical elements and not easily understood by those in the scientific community. Acupuncture: An Anatomical Approach, Second Edition dispels these notions and brings this once backroom therapy into the forefront—explaining it in terms that can be easily comprehended by all medical professionals.

    Presenting a scientific, anatomical approach to acupuncture, this volume discusses:

    • The basics of the nervous system
    • Acupuncture points located in the head and face, formed by the cranial nerves
    • The cervical plexus, which forms acupuncture points in the neck region
    • Acupuncture points formed by the brachial plexus in the upper limbs, spinal nerves in the body trunk, and the lumbar–sacral plexuses in the lower limbs
    • The anesthesia effect of biochemical substances in the nervous system
    • The measurement and quantification of pain
    • Applications of acupuncture in clinical practice, from cases easy to treat to those more challenging
    • Theories on the future of acupuncture

    The treatment of pain, in general, is controversial, as many therapies have unintended consequences and side effects. Acupuncture provides a therapy that is quick, easy to perform, and requires no medications. This volume enables physicians, osteopaths, pain specialists, chiropractors, and other health professionals to perform this effective treatment for their patients who experience both chronic and acute pain.

    Anatomy in Acupuncture
    General Consideration
    Identity of Acupoints
    All in the Sensory Nerves
    Efferent Fibers
    Afferent Fibers
    Muscular Nerve Branches
    Cutaneous Nerve Branches
    Anatomical Features Contributing to the Formation of Acupoints
    Acupoints of the Cranial Nerves
    Cranial Nerves Without Acupoints
    Cranial Nerves with Acupoints
    Trigeminal Nerve
    Facial Nerve
    Glossopharyngeal Nerve
    Vagus Nerve
    Spinal Accessory Nerve
    Acupoints in the Neck Region
    Boundaries of the Neck
    Formation of the Cervical Plexus
    Acupoints of the Cutaneous Branches
    Acupoints of Muscular Branches
    Acupoints in the Upper Limb
    Topography of the Upper Limb
    Organization of the Brachial Plexus
    Acupoints on the Pectoral Region
    Acupoints Over the Scapular Region
    Arm and Forearm
    Wrist and Hand
    Acupoints in the Body Trunk
    Defining a Typical Spinal Nerve
    Composition of Fibers in the Typical Spinal Nerves
    Distributions of Acupoints
    Acupoints On Back Of The Neck
    Acupoints on the Dorsal Surface of the Chest
    Acupoints on the Lumbar and Sacrum
    Acupoints in the Front
    Lateral Side of the Chest Cage
    Acupoints in the Lower Limb
    Regional Anatomy
    Lumbar Plexus
    Sacral Plexus
    Acupoints of the Lumbar Plexus
    Acupoints of the Sacral Plexus
    Distributions to the Thigh
    Distributions in the Popliteal Fossa
    Acupoints on the Posterior Compartment of the Leg and Ankle
    Acupoints on the Lateral Compartment of the Leg
    Acupoints on the Anterior Compartment of the Leg
    Acupoints on the Foot
    Physiology in Acupuncture
    Electrical Phenomena of the Body
    Electrical Activity in Acupoints
    Dynamic Nature of Acupoints
    Three Phases of Acupoints
    Physical Properties of Acupoints
    Biochemistry in Acupuncture
    Biochemistry in Relation to Acupuncture
    Terminologies in Neurotransmitters
    Relevance of Neurotransmitters
    Importance of Endorphin
    Other Neurotransmitters
    Immediate Acupuncture Reactions
    Reactions After Acupuncture
    Pathology in Acupuncture
    Conventional Wisdom in Pathology
    Pathological Origins
    Endogenous Origins
    Exogenous Origins
    Modes for Trigger Points to Appear
    Combination of Systemic and Regional Appearances
    A Special Case
    Psychology in Acupuncture
    Psychology of Pain
    True or False
    Historical Prospect of Pain Perception
    Mental Attitude Toward Pain
    The Vicious Cycle of Pain
    Rebutting Acupuncture as Placebo
    Pain and Measurement
    A Challenge and A Puzzle
    Measurements of Pain
    Subjective Pain Versus Objective Pain
    Ranking the Trigger Points
    Trigger Points in Four Groups
    Trigger Points on the Spinous Processes
    Results of Pain Measurement
    Acute Versus Chronic Pain
    Good to Excellent Applications
    General Guidelines
    Samples of Pain for Demonstration
    Defining Good to Excellent Results
    Pain in the Face and Head
    Pain in the Neck and Shoulders
    Pain in the Upper Limbs
    Pain in the Body Trunk
    Pain in the Lower Limbs
    Applications with Mixed and Limited Results
    Defining Mixed and Limited
    Irrelevant to Pain
    Subjective Pain Perceived
    Pain in the Face and Head
    Pain in the Neck and Shoulder
    Pain in the Upper Limb
    Pain in the Body Trunk
    Pain in the Lower Limb
    Diffuse Pain
    Difficult Patients with Poor Results
    Connecting Difficult and Poor
    Profiles of Difficult Patients
    Pain in the Face and Head
    Difficult Pain from the Neck to the Fingers
    Pain After Surgery
    Phantom Limb Pain
    Spondylitic Abnormalities
    Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy
    Tailbone Fracture
    Difficult Patients with Different Results


    Houchi Dung earned a Ph.D. in anatomy from the University of Louisville in 1970. Soon after, he accepted a faculty position in the Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, which he held until his retirement in 2002. His main responsibilities were teaching gross human anatomy to medical and dental students and conducting research on a number of neurological mutations in mice.

    During his 31-year academic career, he published 24 papers on the field of acupuncture from his clinical experience. He has published several books on acupuncture and pain—three in English and three in Chinese.

    " … a key reference for any medicine collection or practitioner concerned with the therapy and applications of acupuncture. It presents a scientific, anatomically-based approach to acupuncture and discusses acupuncture points, pain measurement and management, and clinical applications from easy cases to challenging. Health professionals will find here all the basics needed to understand how acupuncture works and its possibilities, especially for relieving chronic and acute pain."
    The Bookwatch, Midwest Book Review

    "...a top recommendation for any health collection."
    —James A. Cox, Editor-in-Chief, The Bookwatch