Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Principles, Protocols, and Applications, Second Edition, 2nd Edition (Paperback) book cover

Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks

Principles, Protocols, and Applications, Second Edition, 2nd Edition

By Subir Kumar Sarkar, T.G. Basavaraju, C. Puttamadappa

CRC Press

349 pages | 69 B/W Illus.

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The military, the research community, emergency services, and industrial environments all rely on ad hoc mobile wireless networks because of their simple infrastructure and minimal central administration. Now in its second edition, Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Principles, Protocols, and Applications explains the concepts, mechanism, design, and performance of these highly valued systems.

Following an overview of wireless network fundamentals, the book explores MAC layer, routing, multicast, and transport layer protocols for ad hoc mobile wireless networks. Next, it examines quality of service and energy management systems. Additional chapters cover mobility models for multi-hop ad hoc wireless networks as well as cross-layer design issues.

Exploring Bluetooth, IrDA (Infrared Data Association), HomeRF, WiFi, WiMax, Wireless Internet, and Mobile IP, the book contains appropriate examples and problems at the end of each chapter to illustrate each concept. This second edition has been completely updated with the latest technology and includes a new chapter on recent developments in the field, including sensor networks, personal area networks (PANs), smart dress, and vehicular ad hoc networks.

Self-organized, self-configured, and self-controlled, ad hoc mobile wireless networks will continue to be valued for a range of applications, as they can be set up and deployed anywhere and anytime. This volume captures the current state of the field as well as upcoming challenges awaiting researchers.

Table of Contents


Fundamentals of Wireless Networks


IrDA 3


IEE 802.11 (WiFi)

IEE 802.16 (WiMAX)


Mesh Networking

Wireless Internet

IP Limitations

Mobile Internet Protocol (IP)

Discovering the Care-of Address

Registering the Care-of Address


Automatic Home Agent Discovery

Tunneling to the Care-of Address

Issues in Mobile IP

What Are Ad Hoc Networks?

Difference between Cellular and Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

Applications of Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

Technical and Research Challenges

Issues in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

MAC Layer Protocols for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

Important Issues and Need for Medium Access Control (MAC) Protocols

Need for Special MAC Protocols

Classification of MAC Protocols

Contention-Based MAC Protocols

Contention-Based MAC Protocols with Reservation Mechanisms

MAC Protocols Using Directional Antennas

Multiple-Channel MAC Protocols

Power-Aware or Energy-Efficient MAC Protocols

Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

Design Issues of Routing Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks

Routing Architecture

Unidirectional Links Support

Usage of Superhosts

Quality of Service (QoS) Routing

Multicast Support

Classification of Routing Protocols

Proactive, Reactive, and Hybrid Routing

Structuring and Delegating the Routing Task

Exploiting Network Metrics for Routing

Evaluating Topology, Destination, and Location for Routing

Proactive Routing Protocols

Wireless Routing Protocol (WRP)

Destination-Sequence Distance Vector (DSDV)

Fisheye State Routing (FSR)

Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV)

Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) Protocol

Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA)

Cluster-Based Routing Protocol (CBRP)

Location-Aided Routing (LAR)

Ant-Colony-Based Routing Algorithm (ARA)

Hybrid Routing Protocols

Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP)

Zone-Based Hierarchical Link State (ZHLS)

Distributed Dynamic Routing (DDR) Protocol

Multicast Routing Protocols for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Issues in Design of Multicast Routing Protocols

Classification of Multicast Routing Protocols

Tree-Based Multicast Routing Protocols

Mesh-Based Multicast Routing Protocols

Source-Based Multicast Routing Protocol

QoS Routing

Multicast Routing in QoS

Energy-Efficient Multicast Routing Protocols

Metrics for Energy-Efficient Multicast

EEMRP: Energy-Efficient Multicast Routing Protocol

Location-Based Multicast Routing Protocols


Transport Protocols for Ad Hoc Networks

TCP’s Challenges and Design Issues in Ad Hoc Networks


Design Goals

TCP Performance over MANETs

TCP Performance

Other Problems

Ad Hoc Transport Protocols

Split Approaches

End-to-End Approach

Quality of Service in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks


Hard-State versus Soft-State Resource Reservation

Stateful versus Stateless Approach

Hard QoS versus Soft QoS Approach

Classification of QoS Solutions

MAC Layer Solutions

Network Layer Solutions

QoS-Enabled Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing Protocol

QoS Extensions to AODV Protocol

Advantages and Disadvantages

QoS Frameworks for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

QoS Models


Operation of INSIGNIA Framework

Advantages and Disadvantages


Coarse Feedback Scheme

Class-Based Fine Feedback Scheme


Energy Management Systems in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

Why Energy Management Is Needed in Ad Hoc Networks

Classification of Energy Management Schemes

Overview of Battery Technologies

Principles of Battery Discharge

Impact of Discharge Characteristics on Battery Capacity

Battery Modeling

Battery-Driven System Design

Smart Battery System

Energy-Efficient Routing Protocol

Proposed Energy-Efficient Medium Access Control Protocol

Transmission Power-Management Schemes

Power Management of Ad Hoc Networks

Basic Idea of the Power Cost Calculate Balance (PCCB) Routing Protocol

Analysis of the PCCB Routing Protocol

MAC Protocol

Power Saving

Timing Synchronization Function

Power-Saving Function

Power-Saving Potential

Transmission Power Control

Adapting Transmission Power to the Channel State

MAC Techniques

Logical Link Control

AODV Protocol

Route Discovery

Route Maintenance

Local Energy-Aware Routing Based on AODV (LEAR-AODV)

Route Discovery

Route Maintenance

Power-Aware Routing Based on AODV (PAR-AODV)

Route Discovery

Route Maintenance

Lifetime Prediction Routing Based on AODV (LPR-AODV)

Route Discovery

Route Maintenance

Mobility Models for Multihop Wireless Networks

Mobility Models

Random Walk Mobility Model

Random Waypoint

The Random Direction Mobility Model

A Boundless Simulation Area


A Probabilistic Version of Random Walk

City Section Mobility Model

Limitations of the Random Waypoint Model and Other Random Models

Mobility Models with Temporal Dependency

Mobility Models with Spatial Dependency

Mobility Models with Geographic Restriction

Cross-Layer Design Issues for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks

A Definition of Cross-Layer Design

Cross-Layer Design Principle

General Motivations for Cross-Layer Design

Proposals Involving Cross-Layer Design

Creation of New Communication Interfaces

Merging of Adjacent Layers

Proposals for Implementing Cross-Layer Interactions

Direct Communication between Layers

A Shared Database across Layers

Completely New Abstractions

Cross-Layer Design: Is It Worth Applying It?

The von Neumann Architecture

Source-Channel Separation and Digital System Architecture

The OSI Architecture for Networking

Pitfalls of the Cross-Layer Design Approach

Cost of Development

Performance versus Longevity

Interaction and Unintended Consequences


Performance Objectives

Maximizing Total Capacity

Max–Min Fairness

Utility Fairness

Cross-Layer Protocols

Applications and Recent Developments in Ad Hoc Networks

Typical Applications


Applications and Opportunities

Academic Environment Applications

Defense Applications

Industrial Environment Applications

Healthcare Applications

Search and Rescue Applications

Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks



Highlights of the Most Recent Developments in the Field


Wireless Ad Hoc Sensor Networks


About the Authors

Subir Kumar Sarkar is with Jadavpur University in Kolkata, India.

T.G. Basavaraju is with Sapthagiri College of Engineering in Bangalore, India.

C. Puttamadappa is with Manipal Institute of Technology, India.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Information Technology
COMPUTERS / Networking / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mobile & Wireless Communications