Adaptation in Sports Training: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Adaptation in Sports Training

1st Edition

By Atko Viru

CRC Press

320 pages

Purchasing Options:$ = USD
Hardback: 9780849301711
pub: 1994-12-27
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315136639
pub: 2017-12-06
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Founded on an analysis of scientific literature and backed by an abundance of references, this timely new book examines problems related to sports training, as well as the concept that training-induced changes are founded on adaptive protein synthesis. Discussions include:

  • Alterations in the organism's adaptivity during exercise training

  • Intracellular control of protein synthesis points on molecular mechanisms in exercise training

  • Endocrine mechanisms with regard to acute adaptation during exercise, as well as amplification and post-translation control of the adaptive protein synthesis

  • Practical benefits of the adaptation process in training
  • Table of Contents


    General Outlines of Adaptation Processes and the Biological Nature of Exercise Training

    Adaptation and Training

    The Nature of Exercise Training

    Model of the Top Athlete


    Hormones in Adaptation to Physical Exercises: Hormonal Responses to Exercise

    Blood Hormonal Ensemble During Exercise

    Determinants of Hormonal Responses

    Factors Modulating Hormonal Responses to Exercise


    Significance of Hormones in Regulation of Metabolism During Exercise

    Factors Determining the Hormone Effect

    Mobilization of Energy Reserves

    Mobilization of Protein Resources

    Homeostatic Regulation of Water-Electrolyte Balance During Exercise


    Post-Exercise Recovery Period

    Outlines of the Post-Exercise Recovery

    Restoration of Normal Functional Activities

    Repletion of Energy Stores

    Reconstructive Function of the Recovery Process



    Specific Nature of Skeletal Muscles

    Hypertrophy of Myofibrils

    Contractile Mechanism

    Mitochondria and Oxidative Enzymes

    Enzymes of Anaerobic Pathways of ATP Resynthesis

    Intramuscular Energy Stores and Myoglobin

    Muscle Capillarization

    Fiber Type Transformation Problem



    Specificity of Training Effects on Aerobic Working Capacity and the Cardiovascular System

    Training Effects on Anaerobic Threshold and Maximal Oxygen Uptake

    Specificity of Training Effects on the Cardiovascular System


    Specificity of Training Effects on Control Functions and the Connective Tissue

    Endocrine Functions

    Neural Adaptation


    Molecular Mechanisms of Training Effects

    Protein Synthesis in Training

    Metabolic Control of Protein Synthesis in Training

    Hormonal Action on Adaptive Protein Synthesis in Training

    Adaptive Protein Synthesis in the Myocardium

    Other Theories of Training Mechanisms



    Gender Differences in Training Effects

    Metabolic Capacities in Male and Female Athletes

    Endocrine Systems in Exercise in Women

    Training Effects on Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy

    Training Effects on Aerobic Working Capacity



    Physiological Aspects of Selected Problems of Training Methodology: Training Tactics

    Choice of Training Exercises

    Training Session

    Microcycle of Training

    The Main Principles of Training Tactics


    Physiological Aspects of Selected Problems of Training Methodology: Training Strategy

    Training Design for a Many-Year Period

    Year-Round Training


    Concluding Remarks

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    MEDICAL / Anatomy
    MEDICAL / Sports Medicine