Adaptive Collaborative Management in Forest Landscapes
Villagers, Bureaucrats and Civil Society
This book examines the value of Adaptive Collaborative Management for facilitating learning and collaboration with local communities and beyond, utilising detailed studies of forest landscapes and communities.
Many forest management proposals are based on top-down strategies, such as the Million Tree Initiatives, Forest Landscape Restoration (FLR) and REDD+, often neglecting local communities. In the context of the climate crisis, it is imperative that local peoples and communities are an integral part of all decisions relating to resource management. Rather than being seen as beneficiaries or people to be safeguarded, they should be seen as full partners, and Adaptive Collaborative Management is an approach which priorities the rights and roles of communities alongside the need to address the environmental crisis. The volume presents detailed case studies and real life examples from across the globe, promoting and prioritizing the voices of women and scholars and practitioners from the Global South who are often under-represented. Providing concrete examples of ways that a bottom-up approach can function to enhance development sustainably, via its practitioners and far beyond the locale in which they initially worked, this volume demonstrates the lasting utility of approaches like Adaptive Collaborative Management that emphasize local control, inclusiveness and local creativity in management.
This book will be of great interest to students, scholars and practitioners working in the fields of conservation, forest management, community development and natural resource management and development studies more broadly.
Table of Contents
1. Adaptive Collaborative Management: Experiential and Theoretical Forebearers
Carol J. Pierce Colfer, Ravi Prabhu and Anne M. Larson
2. Local People’s Perspective on Action Learning: Impressions from the Amazon
James Johnson and Benno Pokorny
3. Researcher Collaboration Complexities in Participatory Action Research: Zambian Experiences
Tendayi Mutimukuru-Maravanyika, Elias Madzudzo, and Mwansa M. Songe
4. Gender and Adaptive Collaborative Management in a Forested Ugandan Landscapes
Allan Bomuhangi, Abwoli Yabezi Banana, Jimmy Bushoborozi, Concepta Mukasa, Alice Tibazalika and Esther Mwangi
5. Strengthening Women’s Tenure Rights and Participation in Community Forestry in Central Uganda
Concepta Mukasa, Alice Tibazalika, Abwoli Banana, Esther Mwangi and Tendayi Mutimukuru-Maravanyika
6. Capacity Building for ACM: Lessons Learned from Training in Distinct Contexts
Peter Cronkleton, Kristen Evans, and Anne Larson
7. Learning from Adaptive Collaborative Management: A Participatory Tool to Support Adaptive and Reflective Learning in Multi-Stakeholder Forums
Juan Pablo Sarmiento Barletti
8. How Adaptive Collaborative Management Can Leverage Changes in Power: Insights from Social Theory
Cynthia McDougall and Hemant Ojha
9. Can Activist Engagements have Research Outcomes? The Case of ACM and Participatory Action Research
Robert Fisher and William Jackson
10. Circles and Spirals
Ravi Prabhu, Anne M. Larson and Carol J. Pierce Colfer
Carol J. Pierce Colfer is currently a Senior Associate at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) and Visiting Scholar at Cornell University’s Southeast Asia Program, Ithaca, New York, USA. She is author/editor of numerous books, including Masculinities in Forests (Routledge, 2020), The Earthscan Reader on Gender and Forests (Routledge, 2017) and Gender and Forests (Routledge, 2016).
Ravi Prabhu is a forester with thirty years of international experience. He began his international career with CIFOR and has been with World Agroforestry (ICRAF) since 2012 and is the Deputy Director General-Research. Since January 2020 he is also the Director of Innovation, Investment and Impact at CIFOR-ICRAF. He won the Queen’s Award for Forestry in 2005, presented by HM Queen Elizabeth II.
Anne M. Larson has been a Principal Scientist at the Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) since 2012. She is currently the Team Leader for Equal Opportunities, Gender, Justice and Tenure at CIFOR and also co-coordinates the Governance of Natural Resources flagship of the Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) CGIAR Research Program. Anne serves on the Council of the International Land Coalition (ILC) and the board of directors of the Rights and Resources Initiative (RRI).
"This is a thought-provoking and engaging book about how a global initiative on adaptive collaborative management has helped transform the lives of both rural community members and researchers. It provides an inspiring account of the enormous power of shared learning experiences. What makes the book stand out to me are the personal reflections by the authors, especially when it comes to the many struggles involved in creating and sustaining this innovative initiative."
Krister Andersson Professor of Political Science and Director, The Center for the Governance of Natural Resources, University of Colorado at Boulder, USA
"This book explores the critical role researchers and development practitioners have in promoting collaboration and reflexive learning. A reminder that engagement should not be taken for granted, chapters offer insightful approaches to unpack what collaboration is really about and why it is needed to advance transformative development outcomes. Drawing on a comprehensive set of situations that span diverse geographies and topics, the book provides insightful perspectives to address emerging challenges in natural resources governance."
Iliana Monterroso Ibarra, Scientist, Co-Coordinator of Gender and Social Inclusion Research, CIFOR, Guatemala City, Guatemala
"What a privilege to share these authors’ quest to apply appealing concepts: Learn by doing and adjust. Work alongside groups you support. Listen to diverse perspectives. Recognize disparities. Their amazing exploration shows those concepts’ huge promise and complexity. Few final answers, but tons of wisdom. Well worth the ride."
David Kaimowitz, Manager of the Farm and Forest Facility at the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, and CIFOR’s second Director General
"This book provides a unique and rare reflection on a multi-year learning programme on Adaptive Collaborative Management. The cases engage a reader as a co-learner in the evolution of the participatory action research approach and its outcomes. The honest reflection of the authors reveals the quality of implementation and their own development in these processes. A great read, with lots of lessons for anyone engaging in complex natural resource management interventions!"
Jürgen Hagmann, Institute for People, Innovation and Change in Organisations - PICOTEAM
"Building adaptive and collaborative capacity requires ability to learn by and learn from doing, seeking long-run improvements over time; demands inclusivity while turning participation on its head. This book demystifies the processes for researchers and the communities they engage alike, while highlighting the value of emergent outcomes on the Research – Action continuum."
Nadarajah Sriskandarajah, Professor of Environmental Communication (Emeritus), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
"This collection by three leading scientists in the world of natural resource governance demonstrates brilliantly the potential and impact of adaptive collaborative management – as a means to advance sustainability and democracy, to co-produce knowledge and practice, and to strengthen governance processes. Its insights will be of interest to students, professors, and researchers and to scholars and decision makers alike."
Arun Agarwal, Professor, SEAS, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor MI 48109 USA
"A timely reminder about the untapped potential of exploring theories about practice in environmental governance. At once illuminating in its genealogy and rich for its empirical applications across tropical forest regions in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, this book provides both a window into praxis and a menu for those driven by collaborative interests in addressing pressing environmental challenges at a landscape scale. It is both rich empirically and unique for its generalizability, catching readers up with important dimensions of thinking around gender, justice, and representation in ACM. With all the hype around participatory approaches and knowledge co-production in both research initiatives and development projects, this book reminds readers how to easily avoid classic mistakes and shows what it takes to nurture better participatory process to achieve more meaningful outcomes in environmental governance."
Micah Fisher, Assistant Professor, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, University of Hawaii, Honolulu
"ACM has evolved over the past couple of decades and has demonstrated its worth as a multidisciplinary participatory approach in achieving practical, social and research outcomes. This volume brings together researchers, many of whom have been involved in ACM since its inception, to reflect on their experiences in applying ACM and participatory action research in a wide range of complex natural resource management settings. It is a valuable addition to the research and development literature."
Don Gilmour Chair of ACM International Steering Committee from 2000, and Adjunct Associate Professor, Forest Research Institute, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland