This volume examines the processes and impacts of exclusion on the Adivasis (tribal or indigenous people) in India and what repercussions these have for their constitutional rights. The chapters explore a wide range of issues connected to the idea of exclusion — land and forest resources, habitats and livelihoods, health and disease management, gender relations, language and schooling, water resources, poverty, governance, markets and technology, and development challenges — through case studies from different parts of the country.
The book argues that any laws intended to safeguard the fundamental rights of Adivasis must acknowledge the fact that their diverse and complex identities are not homogenous, and that uniform laws have failed to address their systemic marginalisation since the colonial era. This work appeals for a serious and meaningful political intervention towards tribal development.
The volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of tribal and Third World studies, sociology and social anthropology, exclusion studies and development studies.
Table of Contents
List of Figures and Tables
Foreword by Shantha Sinha
List of Abbreviations
Introduction: Conceptual Framework
V. Srinivasa Rao
PART I: Dichotomy of Rights and Exclusion: Adivasis in-between
Isolation, Inclusion and Exclusion: The Case of Adivasis in India
In Between Inclusion and Exclusion: The Changing face of Health and Disease Management Practices among Gonds in a Central Indian Village
S. N. Chaudhary
Abandoned by Nation: ‘Adverse Possessions’ and the Denial of Tribal Rights to Habitat in Indo-Bangladesh Border
Inclusions and Exclusions of Adivasi Women: Subsuming Challenges from the Past, present and Future in Chhattisgarh
Expropriation of Land and Cultures and the Rise of the Radical Left: The Odisha Story and Beyond
Subrat Kumar Sahu and Mamata Dash
Kidnap of Collector in Orissa: The Question of Tribal Exclusion
Tribal Rights and Big Capital: Critical Reflections on the Growing Dichotomy and Role of Corporate Media
PART II: Untouchability, Atrocities and Marginalisation: An Unspoken Empirical Veracity
Understanding Adivasi Dispossession from their Land and Resources in terms of Investment-Induced Displacement
Livelihoods of Adivasis in India: Continuing Marginalisation
Adivasis Water Exchange and Caste-Based Water Lords: A Case of Groundwater Market in a Village of Gujarat, India
Atrocities against Adivasis: An Implicit Dimension of Social Exclusion
G. C. Pal
Exclusion and Persistence of Poverty among Adivasis in India: A Disaggregated Analysis
PART III: Inclusive Policies: Myth or Reality
An Unbroken History of Broken Promises: Exploration from a Tribal Perspective
Language and Schooling of Adivasi Children in India: Issues Relating to Their Right to Education
V. Srinivasa Rao
Developmental Challenges of Nomadic and Denotified Tribes of India: With Special Reference to Andhra Pradesh
Decentralised Governance and Implementation of PESA in Tribal Areas: Evidences from Western Tribal Belt of India
Yatindra Singh Sisodia and Tapas K. Dalapati
V. Srinivasa Rao is Associate Professor at the Centre for Regional Studies, School of Social Sciences, University of Hyderabad, India. Earlier he was Assistant Professor and Research Associate in the Centre for the Study of Social Exclusion and Inclusive Policy at the University of Hyderabad (2009–17) and Maulana Azad National Urdu University (2007–9) respectively. Prior to this, he undertook research while working with CARE-India on education, health, food security and livelihood activities in the tribal areas of northern Andhra Pradesh on the Sustainable Tribal Empowerment Project (STEP) assisted by the European Union (2002–7). He has published the book Primary Education in Tribal Areas in India: A Study of Community Participation in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. He has also published his research findings in peer-reviewed journals including Economic and Political Weekly, Journal of Educational Planning and Administration, and Indian Journal of Public Administration.
‘A valuable addition to the literature on different forms of dispossession of Adivasis — where even supposedly inclusive policies lead to dispossession of languages and cultures.'
Dev Nathan, Visiting Professor, Institute for Human Development, New Delhi, India; Coordinator, GPN Studies, New Delhi, India; and Visiting Research Fellow, Center on Globalization, Governance and Competitiveness, Duke University, USA
‘Indian Adivisis have been victim of imperial as well as internal colonialism in post-Independent India, with them losing their resources for livelihood and cultural moorings and experiencing exclusion even from welfare programmes. The volume with an interdisciplinary perspective highlights multiple issues that causes their exclusion.’
Ghanshyam Shah, Former National Fellow, Indian Council of Social Science Research, New Delhi, India