Every day, social service agencies collect millions of pieces of data about the children and families they serve. Agencies depend on this data to inform decision-making by personnel throughout the organization and to provide meaningful research and evaluation on program effectiveness and outcomes. As capacity for collecting and utilizing data has increased so has the recognition that this data can and should be used more broadly. Further, it should include not just single-system data, but data across different human service agencies.
Administrative/big data systems can be powerful tools in increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of public child welfare services. Understanding, harnessing, and using big data holds tremendous promise in creating transformative change in the social services. Data analytics and data mining can lead to a better understanding of what services work for specific populations (targeting and predictive modelling), provide a more nuanced understanding of service outcomes for the workforce and major stakeholders (transparency), and facilitate collaboration across existing service delivery silos to reduce duplication of services and enhance consumer access to services (efficiency). This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Public Child Welfare.
Introduction Terry V. Shaw, Bethany Lee, and Jill Farrell
1. Four Principles of Big Data Practice for Effective Child Welfare Decision Making Bridgette Lery, Jennifer M. Haight, and Lily Alpert
2. Child Well-Being: Where Is It in Our Data Systems? Melissa Jonson-Reid and Brett Drake
3. Dual-System Families: Cash Assistance Sequences of Households Involved With Child Welfare JiYoung Kang, Jennifer L. Romich, Jennifer L. Hook, JoAnn S. Lee, and Maureen Marcenko
4. Antipsychotic Use and Foster Care Placement Stability Among Youth With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity/Disruptive Behavior Disorders Ming-Hui Tai, Terry Shaw, and Susan dosReis
5. From Maltreatment to Delinquency: Service Trajectories After a First Intervention of Child Protection Services Catherine Laurier, Sonia Hélie, Catherine Pineau-Villeneuve, and Marie-Noële Royer
6. Children in Out-of-Home Care and Adult Labor-Market Attachment: A Swedish National Register Study Torun Österberg, Björn Gustafsson, and Bo Vinnerljung
7. The Relationship Between Child Maltreatment, Intimate Partner Violence Exposure, and Academic Performance Lisa R. Kiesel, Kristine N. Piescher, and Jeffrey L. Edleson