After a quarter of a century of implementation of New Public Management (NPM) reform strategies, this book assesses the major real outcomes of these reforms on states and public sectors, at both the organisational level and a more political level. Unlike most previous accounts of reform, this book looks at how reform has changed the role of the public administration in democratic governance. Featuring case studies on the UK, Germany, France, Norway, Ireland, Switzerland, Scandinavia, Post communist states, Mexico, South Korea, Turkey and the European Commission, and focusing on two issues this book:
- Examines the significant variations in the "trajectories" of administrative reform among West European countries on the basis of empirically rooted research on different national case studies.
- Assesses the extent to which these "constitutive" public policies have affected the institutions of government and the governing processes of our democratic occidental states and ask how have NPM-inspired programs, with their exclusive focus on managerialist objectives and instruments, challenged the political and democratic nature of public administration?
Looking at the broader issues relating to the current recompositions of democratic states, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of all matters relating to public administration and governance within political science, management, public law, sociology, contemporary history, and cultural studies.
1. Introduction: Assessing Administrative Reforms Jon Pierre and Jean-Michel Eymeri-Douzans Part I: Administrative Reforms in Practice: Trajectories, Strategies, Acclimatizations 2. NPM Reforms Legacy: A Common Praxeologic, a Variety of Acclimatizations, a Renewed Bureaucratization Jean-Michel Eymeri-Douzans 3. Has NPM a trust problem? Public Sector Incentive Systems in Japan, Korea, Spain, and Sweden Carl Dahlström and Victor Lapuente 4. Administrative Reforms and the Complexification of Competencies Requested from Civil Servants: the Case of Norway Tom Christensen and Per Laegreid 5. The un-Politics of New Public Management in Ireland Niamh Hardiman and Muiris MacCarthaigh 6. Shifting Discourses, Steady Learning and Sedimentation: the German Reform Trajectory in the Long Run Julia Fleischer and Werner Jann 7. The Rise of Managerialism as a Result of Bureaucratic Strategies and Power Games: The case of France Julie Gervais 8. Beyond the Reforms: Changing Civil Service Leadership in the European Commission Anchrit Wille Part II: The Unanticipated Impact of Administrative Reforms: a Challenge to Democracy? 9. Bureaucracy and Democracy: Towards Result-based Legitimacy? B. Guy Peters 10. Contending Models of Administrative Reform: the New Public Management Versus the New Weberianism Jon Pierre and Bo Rothstein 11. Markets, Morality and Democratic Governance:Insights from the UK Matthew Flinders 12. Reforming the State in France: From Public Service to Public Management? Alistair Cole 13. Assessing the Impact of Administrative Reforms on Democratic Governance: The Case of Accountability in Switzerland Aurélien Buffat and Basile Larpin 14. Administrative Reform and the Quality of Governance in Post-Socialist States: The Case of Slovenia Simona Kustec-Lipicer and Polona Kovac 15. Transforming Governance through Administrative Reforms in Emerging Countries: Mexico, South Korea and Turkey Gül Sosay 16. Conclusion Jean-Michel Eymeri-Douzans and Jon Pierre