Published in 1998, the expansion of Europe overseas required the creation of institutions for governing the conquered peoples, as well as the conquerors, their descendants, and later immigrants. As a group, bureaucrats were essential for the preservation of extensive and long-lasting European colonies. This volume looks in particular at the Americas and sets out the differing responses of Portugal, Spain, Britain and France and the systems they elaborated. A notable theme is the conflict between the demands of the centre, and the local pressures, and the extent to which the bureaucrats often came to identify with these.
Table of Contents
1. Authority and Flexibility in the Spanish Imperial Bureaucracy, John Leddy Phelan 2. Bureaucrats, Mark A. Burkholder 3. The Sale of Fiscal Offices and the Decline of Royal Authority in the Viceroyalty of Peru, 1633-1700, Kenneth J. Andrien 4. Creole Appointments and the Sale of Audiencia Positions in the Spanish Empire Under the Early Bourbons, 1701-1750, Mark A.Burkholder and D. S. Chandler 5. Elites and Cadres in Bourbon Chile, Jacques A. Barbier 6. Government and Elite in Late Colonial Mexico, D.A. Brading 7. Intendants and Cabildos in the Viceroyalty of La Plata, 1782-1810, John Lynch 8. Magistracy and Society in Colonial Brazil, Stuart B. Schwartz 9. Army and Empire: English Garrison Government in Britain and America, 1569-1763, Stephen Saunders Webb 10. Governors or Generals? A Note on Martial Law and the Revolution of 1689 in English America, Ian Steele 11. Sir Thomas Lawrence, Secretary of Maryland: A Royal Placeman’s Fortunes in America, David W. Jordan 12. Politics in New Hampshire Under Governor Benning Wentworth, 1741-1767, Jere R. Daniell 13. Customs and Contentions: John Hatton of Salem and Cohansey, 1764-1776, Larry R. Gerlach 14. Colonial Civil Servant and Counter-Revolutionary: Thomas Irving (1738?-1800) in Boston, Charleston, and London, John J. McCusker 15. Jonathan Duncan: A Lesson in Administrative Survival, Neil Rabitoy 16. Politics, Patronage, and the Imperial Interest: Charles de Beauharnais’s Disputes with Gilles Hocquart, Dale S. Standen.
'the ... volumes in An Expanding World should become a standard collection for any academic library. The invaluable bibliography, the variety of themes, and the historical problems will engage students of all levels, undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral, in many aspects of early modern and world history for years to come.' Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol. XXX, No. 1