Membranes are an energy efficient separation technology that are now the basis for many water treatment and food processing applications. However, there is the potential to improve the operating performance of these separations and to extend the application of membranes to energy production, gas separations, organic solvent-based separations, and biomedical applications through novel membrane materials. This book contains 20 chapters written by leading academic researchers on membrane fabrication and modification techniques and provides a comprehensive overview on the recent developments of membrane technology.
Membranes can be manufactured from a range of materials including polymeric compounds, and ceramic materials, and both these materials are considered in the book. There are 5 chapters on water and wastewater membranes that cover the fabrication of thin film (TFC) composite membranes for nanofiltration(NF)/reverse osmosis (RO)/forward osmosis (FO) applications, stimuli responsive membranes, electrospun membranes, porous ceramic membranes, and polymeric ultrafiltration (UF) manufacture and modification.
There are another 6 chapters on gas separation that consider carbon membranes, zeolite membranes, silica template and metal oxide silica membranes, TFC membranes, silica membranes, and metal organic framework (MOF) membranes. Zeolite membranes are also considered for organic solvent applications, as are solvent-resistant membranes manufactured by phase inversion, ceramic-supported composite membranes, and ceramic NF membranes. The emerging areas of membranes for energy and biomedical applications have 3 and 2 chapters, respectively. Energy applications consider ion exchange membranes for use in fuel cells, membranes for electrodialysis, and membranes for use in microbial fuel cells. For biomedical applications the chapters focus on hemodialysis membranes and redox responsive membranes.
Table of Contents
Membranes for Water and Wastewater Applications. Advanced Materials in Polymeric Ultrafiltration Membranes for Antifouling Improvement. Preparation and Surface Modification of Porous Ceramic Membrane for Water Treatment. Recent Progress in Membrane Distillation Using Electrospun Nanofiber. pH/Temperature-Responsive Polymers. The Recent Progress on Development of Advanced Forward Osmosis for Water and Wastewater Treatment. Advancements in Thin Film Composite Membrane Preparation and Modification for NF and RO Applications. Nanostructured RO Membranes for Fouling Control. Membranes for Gas Separation Process. Carbon Membrane for Gas Separation. Zeolite Membrane for Gas Separation. Ceramic Membrane for CO2 Applications. Membrane for Efficient Hydrogen Purification. Metal Organic Framework Membranes for Gas Separation. High Performance CO2 Separation Thin Film Composite Membranes. Membranes for Organic Solvent Applications. Organosilica Membranes for Pervaporation of IPA/Water. Solvent Resistant NF Membranes. Ceramic Membranes for Vacuum Distillation of Water-Organic Solvent Mixtures. Ceramic Membranes for Pervaporation. Membranes for Energy Applications. Progress in the Use of Ionic Liquids as Electrolyte Membranes. Polymer Electrolyte Membranes for High-Temperature Fuel Cells. Ceramic Membrane for Fuel Cell. Highly Proton Conductive Membrane Materials. Anion Exchange Membranes for Electrodialysis through Layer-by-Layer Deposition. Advancement in Microbial Fuel Cell Development for Energy Recovery from Wastewater. Membranes for Biomedical Applications. Hemodialysis. Functional Nanoporous Membranes for Drug Delivery. Thermal Tunable Membranes for Drug Delivery. Anti-Fouling Membranes for Health Applications. Tailoring Nanofiltration Membrane Properties for Highly-Efficient Antibiotics Removal