This new volume, Advanced Molecular Plant Breeding: Meeting the Challenge of Food Security, aims to provide a better understanding of molecular plant breeding in order to boost the quality of agriculture produce, to increase crop yields and to provide nutritious food for everyone by 2050, when the global population is expected to reach a new height of about 10 billion. The challenge to provide quality food for such an increased population will be exacerbated by the depletion of natural resources and by shrinking arable land areas. However, scientists believe the challenge can be met by implementing new and improved techniques of quantitative trait inheritance in plant breeding. Integrating genomics and molecular biology into appropriate tools and methodologies can help to create genetically engineered plants, such as by using biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, molecular markers, ‘-omics’ technology, and genome editing.
The milestone of whole genome sequencing from Arabidopsis to rice has opened the door to a new era of functional genomics, which aims to determine the functions of all the genes identified in their genomes, which will help in the improvement of crop species qualitatively and quantitatively in order to meet the ongoing challenges of doubling world food production by 2050.
This important volume provides recent knowledge of advanced plant breeding tools researchers, teachers, graduate and post-graduate students in plant sciences, and those in plant biotechnology, applied botany, agricultural sciences, plant genetics and molecular biology.
The contributors to this book were selected from a wide and diverse range of institutions. They provide an abundance of new research and knowledge on advanced plant breeding tools and techniques.
Table of Contents
Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security: 2050 (Future Plant Breeding)
D. N. Bharadwaj
Application of Genotype and Environmental Interactions in Plant Breeding
Chandra Nath Mishra, Satish Kumar, K. Venkatesh, Vikas Gupta, Devmani Bind, and Ajay Verma
Forward and Reverse Genetics in Plant Breeding
Masochon Raingam, Megha Bhatt, Akash Sinha, and Pushpa Lohani
Biodiversity and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources (in-Situ and Ex-Situ)
Sheel Yadav, Chet Ram, and Dhammaprakash Pandhari Wankhede
Uses and Importance of Wide Hybridization in Crop Improvement
Vikas Gupta, Chandra Nath Mishra, and Satish Kumar
Application of Mutation Breeding in Plants
A. K. Mehta and M. H. Basha
Applications of Molecular Marker-Assisted Breeding in Plants
S. Pandey and V. C. Pandey
Importance of Genomic Selection in Crop Improvement and Future Prospects
Satish Kumar, Senthilkumar K. Muthusamy, Chandra N. Mishra, Vikas Gupta, and Karnam Venkatesh
Application and Achievements of Recombinant DNA Technology in Crop Improvement
Rakesh Kumar, H. M. Mamrutha, Karnam Venkatesh, Kashi Nath Tiwari, and Satish Kumar
Plant Tissue Culture Techniques and Its Achievements
S. Pandey and V. C. Pandey
Breeding Strategies to Convert C3 into C4 Plants
Akshaya Kumar Biswal, Arun Kumar Singh, Vivek Thakur, Satendra Kumar Mangrauthia, and Revathi Ponnuswamy
Molecular Pharming (Pharmaceuticals): Primary and Secondary Metabolites in Plants
Mir Zahoor Gul, Mohd Yasin Bhat, Anirudh Kumar, and Beedu Sashidhar Rao
Plant Based Edible Vaccines: An Innovative Concept to Immunization
Rajeev Sharma, Nishi Mody, and Suresh P. Vyas
Breeding for Nutritional Quality Enhancement in Crops: Biofortification and Molecular Farming
Rahul Priyadarshi, Hitendra Kumar Patel, and Anirudh Kumar
Terminator Technology (GURT Technology)
D. R. Mehta and A. K. Nandha
Omics in Plant Breeding
D. R. Mehta and Ramesh Kumar
RNA Interference (RNAI) Technology in Biology and Plant Breeding
Dinesh Narayan Bharadwaj
Genome Editing in Plant Breeding
D. R. Mehta and A. K. Nandha
Nanobiotechnology in Agriculture
D. N. Bharadwaj and Sanjay Kumar Singh
D. N. Bharadwaj, PhD, is currently an expert and examiner at several Indian universities and a reviewer for various scientific journals in India and abroad. He was formerly Professor of Plant Sciences at Haramaya University, Ethiopia (Africa), under the United Nations Development Program (UNPD) and was also Professor of Biology under a UNDP program at the Eritrea Institute of Technology, Asmara, Eritrea. In addition, he was Head of the Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding at C.S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology, Kanpur, India.
Other former positions include lecturer at Kanpur University, where he taught several botany subjects to undergraduate and postgraduate students, and Scientist Pool Officer of the CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Govt. of India). He has made significant contributions to several crop breeding programs of ICAR (Indian Council of Agriculture Research) on such projects such as cotton, soybean, sorghum, groundnut, wheat, and barley etc. He also worked as a seed production officer at the National Seed Project of ICAR.
During his stay of more than nine years in foreign countries, he visited over 20 countries and had opportunities to visit various educational institutes, universities, and their laboratories. With over 40 years of teaching and research experience, he supervised above many agriculture students in MSc and PhD programs. Dr. Bharadwaj has participated in several national and international workshops, seminars, and symposia and presented 15 research papers. He has published over 40 refereed research papers in national and international journals, contributed several book chapters, and published a dozen or so textbooks and reference books with Indian and foreign publishers. He also awarded a best scientists award in 1998 by the American Biographical Institute, Inc. USA.
“An outstanding compilation of genetics and genomics that can drive progress in modern plant breeding. The chapters are well designed by several specialist scientists/breeders from diverse specialized areas in the field of plant breeding. A wonderful job in integrating information about traditional and molecular plant breeding approaches. I hope this encyclopedic handbook is poised to become a benchmark reference for experienced breeders, researchers, teachers and students alike.”
— From the Foreword by M. S. Swaminathan, Founder Chairman, M. S. Swaminathan Research Foundation