Advanced Remote Sensing Technology for Tsunami Modelling and Forecasting: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Advanced Remote Sensing Technology for Tsunami Modelling and Forecasting

1st Edition

By Maged Marghany

CRC Press

302 pages | 8 Color Illus. | 277 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2018-07-05
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Description

The innovation in space technologies has generated a new method for observing and monitoring tsunamis from space. Most tsunami remote sensing studies focus on using classical image processing tools or conventional edge detection procedures. However, these methods do not use modern physics, applied mathematics, signal communication, remote sensing data and innovative space technologies. This book equips readers to understand how to monitor tsunamis from space with remote sensing technology art to create a better alarm warning system.

Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Principles of Tsunami

Definition of Tsunami

Tsunami Terminology

Physical Characteristics of Tsunami

Tsunami Classifications

How do tsunamis differ from other water waves?

The Wave Train

The Shoaling Effect

Tsunami Generation Mechanisms

Causes of Tsunami

How do Earthquakes Generate Tsunami?

How do landslides, volcanic eruptions, and cosmic collisions generate tsunamis?

What happens when a tsunami encounters land?

Tsunami Generation Mechanisms

Historical Tsunami Records

Why Aren't Tsunami Seen at Sea or from the Air?

Combination of Tsunami, Tide, Sea Level, and Storm Surge

Tsunami of Sumatra-Andaman Earthquake 26 December 2004

Why Earthquakes and Tsunamis occur in the Sumatra Region

Rupture of 2004 Earthquake and Tsunami

How earthquakes occur in the Sumatra region?

Mechanisms of Sumatran Earthquake and Tsunami

Physical Characteristics of the 2004 Earthquake

2004 Tsunami Beaming

Energy of the Earthquake and its Effects

Propagation of 2004 Tsunami

Paths of Tsunami along Andaman Sea

Retreat and rise cycle

Novel Theories of Tsunami Generation Mechanisms

5000 Years of Tsunamis

Tsunami Recurrence

Can Tsunami Cause Marine Landslide?

Slow Slip and Tsunami

Low-Frequency Earthquake Event

New Tsunami Generation Mechanisms and Models

Molecular Hydrodynamic Tsunami Generation

Can Gravity Cause Tsunami?

Did Himalayan Mountain Cause 2004 Tsunami ?

Did Deep Heat Spawn the 2004 Tsunami?

Can Nuclear Bomb Create a Tsunami?

Can HAARP Bomb Create a Tsunami?

Modification of The Earth’s Rotation by 2004 Earthquakes

Earth Rotation

Forces affecting the Length of the Earth’s Day

2004 Tsunami’s Effects on Earth’s Rotation

Principles of Optical Remote Sensing For Tsunami Observation

Introduction to Remote Sensing

Electromagnetic Spectrum

Energy in Electromagnetic Waves

Photoelectric Effect

Young's Slits

Electromagnetic-Radiation-Matter Interactions

Interaction Processes on Remote Sensing

Blackbody Radiation

Spectral Signatures

Spatial Dimension

Potential of Optical Remote Sensing Satellite for Monitoring Tsunami

Introduction

Tsunami Observation from High Resolution Satellite Images

Tsunami Inundation Mapping Using Terra-ASTER Images

Tsunami Observation from Low Resolution Satellite Images

Modelling Shoreline Change Rates Due to the Tsunami Impact

Shoreline Definition Regarding Tsunami

Study Areas and Data Acquisitions

Automatic Detection of Shoreline Extraction

Tsunami Impacts on Shoreline Deformation

The Role of Vegetation Covers on Tsunami Wave Energy Reduction

Modelling of Tsunami Impacts on Physical Properties of Water Using Modis Data: A Study Case of Aceh, Indonesia

Introduction

Coastal Water of Aceh

MODIS Satellite Data

Impact of Tsunami on Coastal Physical Properties

Mechanism of Upwelling By Tsunami

Genetic Algorithm For Simulation of Tsunami Impacts on Water Mass Variations Using Modis Satellite Data

Water Mass Definition

Remote Sensing and Water Masses

Genetic Algorithm

Tsunami Causes Water Masses Redistribution

Can Water Masses Redistribution Affect Length of Day?

Three-Dimensional Tsunami Wave Simulation from Quickbird Satellite Data

Introduction

Theory of Wave Spectra in Optical Remote Sensing Data

QuickBird and Kalutara, Sri Lanka

Wave Spectra Estimation from QuickBird Satellite Data

Numerical model of Tsunami Run-up

Fuzzy B-spline Method for 3-D Run-up Simulation

Galerkin Finite Element

Four–Dimensional Hologram Interferometry of Tsunami Waves from Quickbird Satellite Data

Introduction

Physics of Hologram

How Holography Works?

Four-Dimensional

Mathematical Model for Retrieving 4-D Using Hologram Interferometry

4-D Hologram Visualization of QuickBird

4-D and Relativity

Principles of Synthetic Aperture Radar

Principles

Radio Detecting and Ranging

Synthetic Aperture Radar

Radar Resolution

Radar Range Equation

Radar Backscattering

SAR Imagine Sea Surface

Detection of Internal Wave from Synthetic Aperture Radar Post Tsunami

Internal Wave

Internal Wave Imaging in SAR

Algorithms

Tsunami Derived Internal Wave in SAR Data

Automatic Detection of Internal Waves

Internal Wave Variations with Physical Water Properties

Tsunami Deriving internal Wave from Optical Satellite Data

Altimeter Satellite Data Observed Tsunami Spreading

Microwave Altimeter

Principles of Altimeter

Altimetric Measurements Over the Ocean

Altimeter Sensors for 2004 Tsunami

Schrödinger Theory for Future Tsunami Forecasting in Malacca Straits, Indian Ocean, Red Sea and Nile River

Quantum for Wave Propagation

Schrödinger Equation for Tsunami Propagation

Different Study Cases

Tsunami From Point View of Quantum Mechanics

Quantum Viewpoints of GERD Impacts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

About the Author

Maged Marghany has a Ph.D. in Environmental Remote Sensing from the University Putra Malaysia where he now works as a researcher. He has conducted extensive research on the application of SAR data to coastal studies. He has been leading several projects related to the application of SAR to Malaysian coastal waters funded by Ministry of Science and Technology, Malaysia (MOSTE). His research is directed towards the use of SAR data for modeling shoreline changes and developing a new approach for forecasting oil slick trajectory movements. He has taught extensively and published over 200 papers on the topic.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI019000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / General
SCI042000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Meteorology & Climatology
TEC036000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems