1144 Pages 294 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Advanced Thermodynamics Engineering, Second Edition is designed for readers who need to understand and apply the engineering physics of thermodynamic concepts. It employs a self-teaching format that reinforces presentation of critical concepts, mathematical relationships, and equations with concrete physical examples and explanations of applications—to help readers apply principles to their own real-world problems.

    Less Mathematical/Theoretical Derivations—More Focus on Practical Application

    Because both students and professionals must grasp theory almost immediately in this ever-changing electronic era, this book—now completely in decimal outline format—uses a phenomenological approach to problems, making advanced concepts easier to understand. After a decade teaching advanced thermodynamics, the authors infuse their own style and tailor content based on their observations as professional engineers, as well as feedback from their students. Condensing more esoteric material to focus on practical uses for this continuously evolving area of science, this book is filled with revised problems and extensive tables on thermodynamic properties and other useful information.

    The authors include an abundance of examples, figures, and illustrations to clarify presented ideas, and additional material and software tools are available for download. The result is a powerful, practical instructional tool that gives readers a strong conceptual foundation on which to build a solid, functional understanding of thermodynamics engineering.

    Thermolab Excel-Based Software for Thermodynamic Properties and Flame Temperatures of Fuels



    Importance, Significance and Limitations

    Review of Thermodynamics

    Mathematical Background

    Overview of Microscopic/Nanothermodynamics


    Appendix: Stokes and Gauss Theorems


    First Law of Thermodynamics

    Zeroth Law

    First Law for a Closed System

    Quasi Equilibrium (QE) and Nonquasi-equilibrium (NQE) Processes

    Enthalpy and First Law

    Adiabatic Reversible Process for Ideal Gas with Constant Specific Heats

    First Law for an Open System

    Applications of First Law for an Open System

    Integral and Differential Forms of Conservation Equations


    Second Law of Thermodynamics and Entropy

    Thermal and Mechanical Energy Reservoirs

    Heat Engine and Heat Pump

    Consequences of the Second Law


    Entropy Balance Equation for a Closed System


    Entropy Measurements and Evaluation

    Local and Global Equilibrium

    Entropy: Energy Relation for Single Component Incompressible Fluids

    Third Law

    Entropy Balance Equation for an Open System

    Internally Reversible Work for an Open System

    Irreversible Processes and Efficiencies

    Cyclic Processes

    Entropy Balance in Integral and Differential Form

    Maximum Entropy and Minimum Energy

    Generalized Derivation of Equilibrium for a Single Phase

    Multiphase Multicomponent Equilibrium



    Optimum Work and Irreversibility in a Closed System

    Availability or Exergy Analyses for a Closed System

    Generalized Availability Analysis

    Availability/Exergetic Efficiency

    Chemical Availability

    Integral and Differential Forms of Availability Balance


    Postulatory (Gibbsian) Thermodynamics

    Classical Rationale for Postulatory Approach

    Simple Compressible Substance

    Legendre Transform

    Application of Legendre Transform

    Work Modes and Generalized State Relation

    Thermodynamic Postulates for Simple Systems

    Fundamental Equations in Thermodynamics


    State Relationships for Real Gases and Liquids

    Equations of State

    Virial Equations

    Clausius-I Equation of State

    VW Equation of State

    Redlich-Kwong Equation of State

    Other Two-Parameter Equations of State

    Compressibility Charts (Principle of Corresponding States)

    Boyle Temperature and Boyle Curves

    Deviation Function

    Three Parameter Equations of State

    Generalized Equation of State

    Empirical Equations of State

    State Equations for Liquids/Solids


    Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Fluids

    Ideal Gas Properties

    James Clark Maxwell, 1831–1879 Relations

    Generalized Relations

    Evaluation of Thermodynamic Properties

    Pitzer Effect

    Kesler Equation of State (KES) and Kesler Tables


    Experiments to Measure (uo – u)

    Vapor/Liquid Equilibrium Curve

    Throttling Processes

    Development Of Thermodynamic Tables


    Thermodynamic Properties of Mixtures

    Generalized Relations and Partial and Mixture Molal Properties

    Useful Relations for Partial Molal Properties

    Ideal Gas Mixture

    Ideal Solution


    Excess Property

    Osmotic Pressure

    Molal Properties Using the Equations of State


    Phase Equilibrium for a Mixture

    Miscible, Immiscible, and Partially Miscible Mixture

    Phase Equilibrium

    Simplified Criteria for Phase Equilibrium

    Pressure and Temperature Diagrams

    Dissolved Gases in Liquids

    Deviations from Raoult’s Law



    Criteria for an Isolated System

    Mathematical Criterion for Stability

    Application to Boiling and Condensation

    Entropy Generation during Irreversible Transformation

    Spinodal Curves

    Determination of Vapor Bubble and Drop Sizes


    Chemically Reacting Systems

    Chemical Reactions and Combustion


    First Law Analyses for Chemically Reacting Systems

    Combustion Analyses in the Case of Nonideal Behavior

    Second Law Analysis of Chemically Reacting Systems

    Mass Conservation and Mole Balance Equations

    Overview on Energy Consumption and Combustion


    Reaction Direction and Chemical Equilibrium

    Reaction Direction and Chemical Equilibrium

    Criteria for Direction of Reaction for Fixed Mass System

    Chemical Equilibrium Relations

    Van’t Hoff Equation

    Equilibrium for Multiple Reactions

    Adiabatic Flame Temperature with Chemical Equilibrium

    Gibbs Minimization Method

    Appendix: Equilibrium Constant for any Reaction in Terms of Equilibrium

    Constants of Elements


    Availability Analysis for Reacting Systems

    Entropy Generation through Chemical Reactions


    Fuel Cells

    Fuel Availability

    IC Engines and Exergy


    Thermal Sciences and Biological Systems

    Biomass Processing

    Food and Nutrients

    Human Body


    Thermochemistry of Metabolism in Biological Systems

    Heat Transfer Analysis from the Body

    Body Temperature and Warm and Cold Blooded

    Second Law and Entropy Generation in Biological Systems

    Entropy Generation Through Chemical Reactions

    Lifespan, Energy and Entropy




    A Summary of Chapterwise Formulae


    Appendix A: Tables

    Appendix B: Charts


    Dr. Kalyan Annamalai received his BS from Anna University (Engineering College at Guindy), Chennai, MS from the Indian Inst. of Science, Bangalore, and Ph.D. from the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, USA. He worked at Brown University and later at AVCO-Everett Research Laboratory, Revere, Massachusetts, USA. He joined Texas A&M in 1981 as an Assistant Professor and is currently Paul Pepper Professor of Mechanical Engineering. He is also a Senior TEES Fellow of College of Engineering, Texas A&M. He is currently involved research projects dealing with coal and biomass combustion, gasification, NOx and Hg reductions using new reburn fuels and laser based sensor developments for NOx and Hg. He is a member of combustion institute and a fellow of American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He serves on the editorial boards of International Journal of Green Energy and Journal of Combustion, and serves as Associate Editor (Coal and Biomass) for the Transactions of ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power.

    Dr. Ishwar K. Puri is Professor and Department Head of Engineering Science and Mechanics at Virginia Tech. He is a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He serves as Secretary of the American Academy of Mechanics. He has edited a book on the environmental implications of combustion processes, and coauthored textbooks on advanced thermodynamics Engineering and on combustion science and engineering. He is the author of nearly 300 archival publications and conference presentations, and book chapters in the field of transport phenomena, fluid mechanics, combustion, and mathematical biology. He got his Ph.D. (1987), and M.S. (1984) degrees in Engineering Science (Applied Mechanics) from the University of California, San Diego after obtaining a B.Sc. (1982) in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Delhi (Delhi College of Engineering). He served as an Assistant Research Engineer at the University of California, San Diego from 1987-90. Thereafter, he was appointed as Assistant Professor in the Mechanical Engineering Department at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) in 1990. He served at UIC as Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies (2000-01) and as Executive Associate Dean of Engineering (2001-04).

    Dr. Milind A. Jog received his B. S. (Mechanical Engineering) in 1985 and M. S. in Mechanical Engineering (Thermal Fluid Science) in 1987, both from the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. He worked at Thermax Ltd. as a Design Engineer before joining the Ph. D. program. He received his Ph. D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1993 and joined the faculty of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Jog has received several research and teaching awards at the University of Cincinnati including the National Science Foundation CAREER Award, Sigma Xi Outstanding Investigator Award, Robert Hundley Award for Excellence in Teaching, and BP-Amoco Faculty Excellence Award. He was recognized as "Master Engineering Educator" by UC College of Engineering. He has published over 150 archival and journal papers in the field of sprays and atomization, two-phase flow, interfacial phenomena, and computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer. He is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Institute for Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems. He is a Regional Editor (North America) for the Journal of Enhanced Heat Transfer and has served as a Guest Editor for the ASME Journal of Heat Transfer.

    ". . . written in such a way that in particular engineers will find it extremely useful. . . The layout is successful and the beautiful illustrations as well as the many written problems will make its useful as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses."
    -Panayiotis Vlamos, President, V-Publications, Athens, Greece