The field of plant genetic engineering has arisen from the laboratory and into the market place as a technology to provide farmers and consumers with improved crops. 1996 marks a turning point as the first genetically engineered crops to control agronomically important pests are registered for commercial sale. In most cases it has taken over a decade to develop commercially viable products. This book serves both as an update of current technologies that have been proven successful for engineering insect tolerant crops and an overview of new technologies that are being pursued for the development of new genetically engineered crops in the future. The book includes an introductory chapter on the world wide importance of insect problems in crops and the advantages of genetically engineered crops over traditional breeding; reviews insect control principles that are being develpoed for genetically engineered crops; and provides an overview of many new areas that wil lead to new insect control agents in the next decade.
Uses of transgenes to increase host plant resistance to insects - opportunities and challenges; insect control with transgenic plants expressing "Bacillus thuringiensis" crystal proteins; the development of a comprehensive resistance management plan for potatoes expressing the Cry3A endotoxin; transgenic maize expressing "Bacillus thuringiensis" isecticidal protein for control of European corn borer; enhancing insect resistance in rice; cholesteral oxidase for the control of boll weevil; vips - novel proteins for control of corn pests; plant lectins as insect control proteins in transgenic plants; transfer of bruchid resistance from the common bean to other starchy grain legumes by genetic engineering with the alpha-amylase inhibitor gene; proteinase inhibitors and resistance of transgenic plants to insects; chitinases for insect control; the role of peroxidase in host insect defenses; insecticidal compounds induced by regulated overproduction of cytokinins in transgenic plants; genetic engineering of plant secondary metabolism for insect protection; managing resistance to transgenic crops.