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# Advances and Trends in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation

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## Book Description

*Advances and Trends in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation*** **features over 300 papers classified into 21 sections, which were presented at the Fourth International Conference on Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (SEMC 2010, Cape Town, South Africa, 6-8 September 2010). The SEMC conferences have been held every 3 years in Cape Town, and since then brought together academics, researchers and practitioners active in structural mechanics, associated computation and structural engineering. The main purpose of the conferences was to review recent achievements in the advancement of knowledge and understanding in these areas, share the latest developments, and address the challenges that the present and the future pose.

All major aspects of structural mechanics, associated computation and structural engineering are addressed in the present volume, including: structural mechanics (dynamics, vibration, impact, buckling, seismic response, fluid-structure interaction, soil-structure interaction); mechanics of materials (plasticity, fracture, fatigue, creep, shrinkage, damage, deterioration); numerical/computational modelling (numerical methods, formulations, finite-element modelling, structural modelling, material modelling, simulations); structural engineering and construction in the various materials (steel, concrete, timber, masonry, glass, steel-concrete composite, fibre-reinforced composite, laminated composite); design, construction and operational considerations (fire resistance, seismic resistance, loading, safety and reliability, codification, design optimisation, construction, assembly, monitoring, maintenance, repair, retrofitting). The structures dealt with include all sorts of buildings, sports facilities, bridges, viaducts, tunnels, underground structures, foundation structures, coastal structures, dams, industrial towers and masts, containment structures (silos, tanks and pressure vessels), ship and aircraft structures, motor-vehicle structures, mechanical components and biological structures.

*Advances and Trends in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation* is published as a book of extended abstracts, and an accompanying CD-ROM with the full papers, and will be much of interest to engineers, academics and researchers in civil, structural, mechanical and aerospace engineering, and to those concerned with the analysis, design, construction and maintenance of engineering structures.

## Table of Contents

1. Keynotes

Challenges and advances in the analysis of structures

K.J. Bathe

Recent developments in structural control research and applications in China

H.N. Li & L.S. Huo

South African Stadium Projects: Johannesburg, Durban, Port Elizabeth and Cape Town

K. Göppert

Life-cycle performance, reliability, redundancy and optimal management of infrastructure systems: Applications to bridges and naval ships

D.M. Frangopol & N.M. Okasha

The use of Eurocode 3 “Design of Steel Structures” in the design and verification of joints

F.S.K. Bijlaar

Design life of thin-walled concrete domes

E. Hamed, M.A. Bradford, R.I. Gilbert & Z.-T. Chang

2. Dynamic analysis, vibration analysis, vibration control

Structural dynamics research and applications (Invited Paper)

D. Thambiratnam

Dynamic response of large primary structures to wind loads: Experimental tests in wind tunnel (Invited Paper)

C. Borri, P. Biagini & C. Mannini

On space-time isogeometric analysis of panel flutter

H. Netuzhylov &A. Zilian

Computation method for the prediction of gust-induced vibrations for permeable membrane cladding elements

F. Kemper, M. Feldmann & J. Kuck

Aerodynamic force coefficients for rain-wind induced vibrations from full-scale measurements

M. Clobes, O. Steiln & U. Peil

Shape modifications of bridge cables for aerodynamic vibration control

K. Kleissl & C.T. Georgakis

Pedestrian induced vertical vibrations: Response to running using the Response Spectrum Method

G. Matteoni & C.T. Georgakis

Human induced vibrations of lightweight floor systems supported by cold-formed steel joists

W. Rack & J. Lange

A new method for evaluation and assessment of floor vibration

Ch. Heinemeyer, M. Feldmann & F. Galanti

Dynamic testing of bracing patterns of a demountable grandstand

S. Nhleko, A. Blakeborough, M.S.Williams & J. Whittle

Asymptotic results for highly anisotropic spinning disks

C.D. Coman

Modelling and verifying of an anthropomorphic passenger dummy model using multibody dynamics

F. Möller, A. Gessler & M. Feldmann

Transmissibility of whole-body vibration experienced by off-road vehicle operators based on ISO 2631-1 and ISO 2631-5

S.A. Aye & P.S. Heyns

Dynamic behaviour of soil-steel bridges

Z. Manko & D. Beben

The stick-slip joint effect on dynamics behaviour of nonlinear beam

S.A. Karim, A. Dafnis & H.-G. Reimerdes

Algorithms for time-domain transformations to treat wave propagation in soil

J. Bochert

Effect of variable geometric piezoelectric patches on vibration of FG plate under constant electric charge

S.M.R. Khalili, H. Zoohor, H. Pourrostami & N.S. Viliani

Effects of rotation and thermoelastic/pyroelectric couplings on the dispersion of acoustic surface waves in a piezothermoelastic half-space

M. Sanbi, E. Essoufi, L.A. Faik & M. Rahmoune

Thermoelastic and pyroelectric coupling effects on dynamics and active control of smart structures using finite element method with localized thermopiezoelectric elements

M. Sanbi, L.A. Faik & M. Rahmoune

3. Seismic response, seismic design

Towards earthquake resistant design of steel buildings for uniform ductility demands (Invited Paper)

M.T. Kyrkos & S.A. Anagnostopoulos

Early observations from the magnitude Mw 7.0 January 12, 2010 Haiti earthquake (Invited Paper)

A.S. Elnashai &A. Lewis

Vulnerability of buildings due to far-field effects of earthquakes (Invited Paper)

T. Balendra & Z.J. Li

Time delay effects of earthquake excitation on responses in high-rise buildings

D.S. Li, H.N. Li & L. Ren

The L’Aquila earthquake of April 6th 2009: Seismic response of the hospital facilities

C. Casarotti, S. Peloso &A. Pavese

Development of Performance Based Tsunami Engineering (PBTE)

I.N. Robertson

Seismic behaviour of prefabricated concrete sandwich panels

D.A. Bournas, A. Pavese & S. Peloso

Relationship between seismic index of structure and seismic response of retrofitted RC structure

T. Takatani & M. Mori

Definition of conservative design values of the residuals of seismic response parameters of RC frames

A. D’Ambrisi & M. Mezzi

Seismic analysis method of structure with passive energy dissipation devices

G. Li, H.N. Li &Y.G. Li

An experimental investigation of the seismic behaviour of semi-supported steel shear walls

A. Jahanpour, J. Jönsson & H. Moharrami

Stiffness and damping aspects of fiber reinforced elastomeric bearings

U. Gerhaher, A. Strauss & K. Bergmeister

The design, experiment and application of coupling beam dampers

J. Teng, B.-T. Ma,W.-H. Li, D.X. Cao, H. Zhang, B.Wu, Z.Wang & D.R. Zhou

Different seismic behaviour of RC frame structures modeled with and without masonry infills

T. Trombetti, L. Landi, S. Silvestri, G. Gasparini & I. Ricci

Nonlinear seismic response reduction of different types of structures using two types dampers

J.T. Qu & H.N. Li

Parametric study on structural behaviour of shear walled systems

F.G. Gülay, A.E. Toprak & F. Doˇgan

Seismic assessment of a gravity-load designed R/C frame with masonry infills

M. Valente

Response analysis of base isolated railway bridges

B. Del Principe, L. Di Sarno, L. Evangelista & E. Cosenza

A predictive FE model for a simple precast concrete panel wall subjected to moderate shaking

F.A. Malhas & H.H. Nassif

Maximum seismic rotational response of multi-storey structures

S. Silvestri, G. Gasparini &T. Trombetti

3D time history analysis of RC structures versus commercial methods with attention to the modeling of floor slabs and near versus far-fault earthquakes

A. Mortezaei & H.R. Ronagh

Modeling and design issues of non load-bearing permanent shuttering systems with concrete under seismic loads

S. Peloso, I. Lanese, A. Pavese &A. Zanardi

Effect of shear wall and steel bracing as lateral load resisting system on a ten storey building

S.V. Venkatesh, H. Sharada Bai & R. Rajeshwari

Distribution of peak inter-story drift for estimating non-structural elements vulnerability

I. Mahmoodzadeh-kani, A.D.R. Abadi &A. Taghaveekanee

Suppression of wind induced vibration using elevated service reservoir as tuned mass damper

N. Chetia & S. Talukdar

Evaluation of damping matrix for buildings

A. Hemmati & M. Gerami

4. Material modelling, numerical methods, numerical formulations, FEM modelling

Particle dynamic methods for microsystem applications (Invited Paper)

J.G. Korvink, D. Kauzlaric, D.Weiß, J. Lienemann, A. Greiner, O. Liba &Y. Hanein

Introduction of multi-scale modeling techniques for the analysis of long span FRP composite bridges (Invited Paper)

M.S. Cheung, B.Y.B. Chan & H.H. Almansour

High-performance finite element and coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian simulations of pile installation processes (Invited Paper)

J. Grabe & S. Henke

Identification of material properties for a unified visco-plasticity model and application to isothermal and anisothermal experimental data

C.J. Hyde,W. Sun, T.H. Hyde &Y.P. Gong

A nonlinear micropolar continuum theory for initial plasticity

I. Münch & P. Neff

A new material model for concrete within microplane framework. Part I: Constitutive formulation and computational algorithm

J. Li & N.V. Tue

A new material model for concrete within microplane framework. Part II: Numerical validation and application to structural analysis

J. Li & N.V. Tue

A micromorphic theory and its application to elastic size-scale effects

S. Braun, S. Skatulla, H.-D. Beushausen & C. Sansour

Nonlinear analysis of large concrete structures using a finite element shell model

J.Wasner &V. Sigrist

Compact RC structures with textile strengthening: Computational models and application

F. Steinigen,W. Graf & M. Kaliske

Isogeometrical analysis of functionally graded materials in plane elasticity problems

B. Hassani & N.Z. Moghaddam

Investigation and modeling of the glued steel-glass connection used in hybrid beam

M. Netusil & M. Eliasova

Coupled hygro-mechanical stress analysis on adhesive material under hot/wet environments

X. Jiang, H. Kolstein & F.S.K. Bijlaard

A Genetic Algorithm based procedure for the constitutive characterization of composite plates using dispersive guided waves data

A. Marzani, M. Mazzotti, E. Viola, L. De Marchi, N. Speciale & P. Rizzo

A viscoplastic constitutive equation for the modelling of tailings heaps consisting of rock salt

S.Wachter & R. Katzenbach

Advances in strongly-coupled fluid-structure interaction by space-time finite elements

A. Zilian & S. Reinstädler

Tools for modeling fluid-structure interaction via Lagrangian FEM

D. Krybus & B. Patzak

Simulation of permeation tests on articular cartilage under different testing conditions

G. Spatafora, F. Gervaso & F. Boschetti

A posterior error estimation in the isogeometrical analysis method

B. Hassani, A. Ganjali & M. Tavakkoli

Numerical design of geothermal projects

U. Arslan & H. Huber

Numerical modeling of the behaviour of multiple-cable-pylon cap joint in a cable roof structure

W.A. Salah Khalil, M.A. Gizejowski & S.Wierzbicki

A “simple beam” revisited

R.P. Prukl

Finite element analysis modelling of full scale 5-ton electric overhead travelling crane and the crane supporting structure

T.N. Haas, P.E. Dunaiski & P. Mainçon

Numerical models of lightweight roof structures

J. Re˛bielak

5. Damage mechanics, fracture, fatigue, blast, impact,damage modelling

A thermodynamic approach to nonlocal strain damage

F.M. de Sciarra

Fracture mechanical based assessment of partial penetration welds in T- and cross joints

B. Eichler & M. Feldmann

Fracture criterion for all concretes: Normal, lightweight, high- and ultra-high-performance concrete

K. Speck & M. Curbach

Fracture mechanics test specimen design for cementitious composites

J. Zatloukal, R. Sovják & P. Konvalinka

Perturbation problems for interfacial cracks

A. Piccolroaz, G. Mishuris &A.B. Movchan

Fatigue performance of pre-stressed and reinforced concrete

M. Foglar

High frequency hammer peening: Enhancement of lifetime of fatigue loaded steel structures

T. Ummenhofer & R. Puthli

Steel frame structures under blast loading

J. Mediavilla & F. Soetens

Performance of reinforced concrete columns under vehicular impacts

T. Gurbuz, D. Thambiratnam, N. Perera &A. Ilki

Spatial statistical analyses for time-dependent corroded surfaces of carbon steel plates in various corrosive environments

S. Kainuma, Y. Mukaigawa, Y. Itoh, Y. Jeong & I.T. Kim

Prediction of whole process of concrete cracking under combined steel corrosion and service load

S.-T. Yang, C.-Q. Li & O. Harireche

6. Loading on structures, structural analysis, testing, practical structural design

Probabilistic basis of present codes of practice (Invited Paper)

M. Holicky & J.V. Retief

Application of computational mechanics in design of tall buildings (Invited Paper)

K. Kayvani

Impact of engineering seismicity and cyclic load on a prefabricated planar structure of a multi-storey building (Invited Paper)

J.Witzany, T. Cˇejka & R. Zigler

A beam element for the analysis of framed structures with multiple discontinuities (Invited Paper)

S. Caddemi, I. Caliò, M. Marletta & D. Rapicavoli

Design of sport stadia:Wind action perspective

A.M. Goliger, M. Gizejowski, M. C´wik & J. Mahachi

Numerical method for live load distribution in road bridges

J. Hołowaty

The computational estimating of safety load factors and silo wall strength according to experimental and theoretical loads of pressure of bulk materials

M. Kaminski & M. Maj

Comparative study of wind loads on gable roof buildings with and without attached canopies

R. Goyal &A.K. Ahuja

An ACS algorithm for the formation of subminimal-suboptimal cycle bases

A. Kaveh & M. Jahanshahi

Excel for advanced structural analysis

R. Barker

Theory for large complicated space bar structures with algorithms and programs

J.B. Obre˛bski

Design assisted by testing: A tool for the design resistance determination

M. Karmazínová & J.J. Melcher

Design, construction and shake table testing of a full-scale seven-story apartment building

J.W. van de Lindt, S.E. Pryor & S. Pei

Gautrain Southern Viaducts designed to Eurocode

W.J. Martin

Buitengragt structural steel pedestrian bridge: A continuous asymmetrical box girder

J.R.B. Anderson

Study of the structural behaviour of low/medium/high rise reinforced concrete residential buildings in Kuwait

T.A. Awida

Design of the Nasrec Transportation Hub roof

N. Featherston & D. Middleton

On the calculation of Eurocode 3 buckling interaction factors for combined bending and axial compression

D. Green &A. Zingoni

7. Plates, shells, pipes, laminated composites, sandwich structures

Finite rotation finite element analysis of layered composite plates and shells (Invited Paper)

R. Schmidt, S. Tiranasavasdi &T.D. Vu

Hybrid active-passive laminated structures: Modeling, optimization and identification (Invited Paper)

A.L. Araújo, C.M. Mota Soares, C.A. Mota Soares & J. Herskovits

Stability of sandwich barrelled shell under pressure (Invited Paper)

K. Magnucki & P. Jasion

Power towers: On structural engineering problems of solar updraft chimneys (Invited Paper)

W.B. Kraetzig, R. Harte, U. Montag & M. Graffmann

Structural optimization of solar towers to minimize wind induced effects

C. Borri, F. Lupi & H.-J. Niemann

New direction of cooling towers monitoring and diagnostics

J. Bydzovsky, Z. Snirch &A. Dufka

Application of sandwich-structures in steel bridges

S. Möller, M. Feldmann & G. Sedlacek

Optimum design of a composite morphing leading edge for high lift wing

R. Morishima & S. Guo

Localized buckling in sandwich beam-columns

S. Yiatros & M.A.Wadee

Application of generalized differential quadrature method to bending analysis of laminated thick plates with mixed boundary conditions

S. Fazeli, M. Salehi, A. Zamani & F. Zamani

Stress wave propagation in shape memory alloy reinforced rectangular composite plates

M. Salehi & H. Akharatdoost

Residual capacities of uniaxially compressed composite panels under buckling driven delamination

C. Völlmecke & M.A.Wadee

Effect of distributed attached patches on fundamental natural frequency of thick cylindrical and spherical shells using higher-order shell theory

S.M.R. Khalili, S. Tafazoli & K. Malekzadeh

A new triangular buckling pattern of twisted inextensible sheets

A.P. Korte & G.H.M. van der Heijden

Initial curvature effects on the behaviour of cylindrical shell structures

E. Viola, N. Fantuzzi & L. Rossetti

Effect of varying thickness on the buckling and post-buckling behaviour of thin-walled cylindrical steel shells subjected to combined external pressure and

axial compression

H. Shahbazifard & K. Abedi

Cylindrical bending of thick isotropic plates using trigonometric shear deformation theory

Y.M. Ghugal & J.T. George

Free vibration of thick isotropic plates using trigonometric shear deformation theory

Y.M. Ghugal & J.T. George

Dynamic response of a circular plate resting on a tensionless Vlasov foundation

A. Tekin & ˙I. Co¸skun

Leakage evaluation in longitudinally cracked pressurized pipes

S. de Miranda, L. Molari, G. Scalet & F. Ubertini

8. Thin-walled sections, steel structures, steel connections, steel-concrete composite structures

The mechanics of post-local buckling and overall bending interaction in thin-walled I-section compression members (Invited Paper)

J. Loughlan & N. Yidris

Restrained distortional buckling and postbuckling behaviour of steel-concrete composite beams under hogging bending (Invited Paper)

M.A. Gizejowski &W.A. Salah Khalil

Reliability-based methodology for the design of support formwork systems by advanced structural analysis (Invited Paper)

T. Chandrangsu, K.J.R. Rasmussen & H. Zhang

Own theory for thin-walled straight bars: Development and investigations (Invited Paper)

J.B. Obre˛bski

Iterative inelastic buckling method for estimating collapse loads of steel cable-stayed bridges

D.H. Choi, H.S. Na, H. Yoo &A. Elvin

Local buckling of cold-formed thin-walled channel beams with drop flange

P. Paczos & K. Magnucki

Performance of K-braced cold-formed steel shear walls subjected to lateral cyclic loading

M.Z. Dastjerdi & H.R. Ronagh

The coupled post-local buckling and overall bending interaction mechanics of thin-walled plain channel columns

J. Loughlan & N. Yidris

Compressed steel members with combined cross-sections

P. Juhás & M. Al Ali

Behaviour of curved hybrid steel girders

K. Matongo &A. Masarira

Experimental investigation of lateral deflection of columns with intermediate slenderness submitted to axial compressive loads

S. Imiełowski &A. Ziółkowski

A genetic algorithm-based regression to predict resistance of plate girders subjected to patch loading

F. Shahabian, H. Rajabi Mashhadi & J. Farzaneh

Behaviour of non-prismatic steel members

D. Ochan &A. Masarira

Drilling hole effect on tensile properties of stainless steel 316L

M. Benachour, A. Hadjoui, N. Benachour, F.Z. Seriari & F. Hadjoui

Assessment of robustness in the design of steel structures

M. Jacobsohn, J.V. Retief & P.E. Dunaiski

M-N interaction in beam-to-column joints: Development of a design model

J.-F. Demonceau & J.-P. Jaspart

Stability design criteria for steel column splices in non-sway frames

A.M. Girão Coelho, F.S.K. Bijlaard & P.D. Simão

Modeling of HSS endplate connections: Achievements and perspectives

X. Qiang, F.S.K. Bijlaard, H. Kolstein & L. Twilt

Effect of bolt tension variation on the seismic response of cold-formed steel–special bolted moment frame

A. Sato & C.M. Uang

Residual stresses of high strength bolts with large diameters

F. Marten & P. Schaumann

Compactness requirements of RBS connections

A. Vasseghi & S.G. Shahidi

The problems of the action of high strength steel elements in structures

M. Šmak

Composite beams with innovative shear connection

S. Rauscher & J. Hegger

Modeling of composite slab failure in steel-concrete multistory buildings

L. Kwasniewski & M. Gizejowski

Finite element modelling of shear connection behaviour in a push test using profiled sheeting

J. Qureshi, D. Lam & J. Ye

9. Behaviour of structures in fire, design for fire resistance

Fire-induced collapses in structures: Basis of the analysis and design (Invited Paper)

F. Bontempi & F. Petrini

Fire – material – structure: A holistic approach towards analysis of underground infrastructure (Invited Paper)

M. Zeiml, A. Amouzandeh, A. Galek, H. Moser, T. Ring, S. Shrestha, H.A. Mang & R. Lackner

Calculation of restraint axial forces of concrete cylinders under transient temperature conditions (Invited Paper)

U. Schneider & M. Schneider

Different approaches of European regulations for fire design of steel structural elements

L. Giuliani & I. Budny

Performance based investigations of structural systems under fire

F. Gentili, C. Crosti & L. Giuliani

Numerical analyses for Performance-Based Fire Engineering (PBFE)

F. Petrini

Fire safety assessment of long tunnels

F. Gentili, C. Crosti & K. Gkoumas

Measures for tunnel fire safety

K. Gkoumas

When a bridge becomes a tunnel: Fire design of a steel-concrete composite bridge

Ch. Heinemeyer & M. Feldmann

Behaviour of masonry walls subjected to fire: Experimental tests and analytical model

M. Andreini & M. Sassu

Simplified analytical model for centrically and eccentrically loaded steel columns in fire

D. Somaini, M. Knobloch & M. Fontana

Experimental and analytical investigation of component column web in shear under bending and axial force at elevated temperature

M. Strejˇcek & F.Wald

Stub column tests on square and rectangular hollow steel sections at elevated temperatures

J. Pauli, M. Knobloch & M. Fontana

Interaction diagrams for heated concrete sections using the tangent stiffness matrix

A.H. Law & M. Gillie

Calculation of temperature development on concrete members during tunnel fires by CFD modelling

M. Schneider & U. Schneider

Estimation about the residual working life of concrete structural members after fire

Y.P. Song & H.L.Wang

10. Reinforced and prestressed concrete structures

Finite element design of concrete structures: Differences between theory and practice (Invited Paper)

G.A. Rombach & M. Kohl

Strength and ductility of two-way slabs containing welded wire fabric (Invited Paper)

R.I. Gilbert & Z.I. Sakka

Global resistance factors for reinforced concrete structures

M. Holicky & M. Sykora

Reliability analysis of concrete structures applied to strut-and-tie model

J.C. Pantoja, T.G. Pecin, L.E. Vaz & L.F. Martha

Strut-and-tie model for waffle slabs

M.K. Rahman, S.K.G. Pillai & M.H. Baluch

Experimental research on reinforced concrete beams under pure torsion and torsion with shear

M. Kaminski &W. Pawlak

Shear strength of reinforced concrete beams without web reinforcement

Y. Che, L. Yu &Y.P. Song

Shear reinforced beams in autoclaved aerated concrete

T. Cornelius

Influence of rebar straightening on bond properties between steel and concrete

C. Bosco, G. Mancini & F. Tondolo

Combined concrete-bond failure of a steel bonded anchor

J. Barnat & M. Bajer

Bond between corroded steel rebar and concrete: Experimental tests and finite element analyses

M. Valente

Behaviour of screw anchors in normal strength concrete at pullout failure

C. Kontzi

Prediction of ultimate stress in unbonded tendon for post-tensioned concrete beams

H.H. Nassif, O. Ozkul & F.A. Malhas

Long-term behaviour of GFRP tendon

J. Forn°usek, R. Sovják, P. Máca, P. Konvalinka & J.L. Vítek

Special charges for thin-walled structures demolition

T. Pokorny

Modelling of the surface of fair-face concrete structures

O. Steger & M. Popenkova

Computer application of yield line theory in the analysis of solid slabs

J.O. Akinyele

11. Fibre-reinforced concrete, high-strength concrete, high-performance concrete

Ultra high performance concrete structures: Recent developments in research and practice (Invited Paper)

E. Fehling, T. Leutbecher & S. Stuerwald

Nanotechnology: A new approach for high performance concretes and sustainable concrete structures (Invited Paper)

M. Schmidt & D. Stephan

Cracking behaviour of fibre reinforced concrete beams containing longitudinal reinforcement

L. Vandewalle & B. Parmentier

Numerical analysis of concrete beams reinforced with steel fibres

K. Holschemacher, V. Gribniak, G. Kaklauskas & D. Bacinskas

Efficiency of steel fibres regarding the shear carrying capacity of UHPC beams

G. Bertram & J. Hegger

Long-term investigation of concrete elements with FRP

R. Sovják, J. Forn°usek, P. Máca, P. Konvalinka & J.L. Vítek

Advantages of textile reinforced concrete applied to a pedestrian bridge

J. Hegger, C. Kulas & C. Goralski

Slender façade structure made of textile reinforced concrete

J. Hegger, C. Kulas & M. Horstmann

Modeling compressive strength of high-performance concrete with multiple regression

A. Kapelko, M. Kapelko & R. Kapelko

12. Durability, creep, shrinkage and transport processes in concrete

Effects of creep and shrinkage of concrete on composite structures

R. Šafáˇr, P. Bouška & M. Vokáˇc

Effect of shrinkage on the time-dependent deflection of reinforced concrete slabs

H.Q.Wu & R.I. Gilbert

Creep and shrinkage prediction models for concrete water retaining structures in South Africa

E.S.D. Mucambe & G.P.A.G. van Zijl

Investigation of plastic shrinkage cracking in concrete

R. Combrinck &W.P. Boshoff

Numerical time-dependent analysis of prestress losses affected by rheology phenomena and nonlinear structural performance

L. Vráblík, J. Loško &V. Kˇrístek

Performance characteristics of concrete wall panels under long-term loads

G. Sossou

Durability and long-term performance of concrete railway sleepers: Structural analysis and practice

K. Giannakos

The experimental research and analyses on usability of sulphur polymer composite for corrosion protection of reinforcing steel in concrete

M. Ksia˛˙zek

Modeling University of Cape Town Chloride Conduction Test for Concrete

M.A. Shazali, M.K. Rahman & M.H. Baluch

Conductivity of moisture in non stationary state

J. Skramlik, M. Novotny & O. Fuciman

13. Construction materials, construction methods, building performance

Appropriate constructions and materials for new lightweight building methods (Invited Paper)

B. Baier

Innovative concrete structures using fabric formwork

J.J. Orr, T.J. Ibell &A.P. Darby

A proposal of bamboo frameworks for low-cost constructions in seismic areas

M. Andreini, M. Sassu & I. Ngoma

Testing shotcrete in accordance with new European standards

A. Hubacek & R. Hela

Influence of selected hydrophobic agents on some properties of autoclaving cellular concrete used in building engineering

D. Beben & Z. Manko

Impact of indoor materials on indoor air quality

I. Senitková &T. Tomˇcík

Analysis of durability-based design performance of coarse aggregates used for RC structures in corrosive environments

S.A. Alghamdi, S. Ahmad & M.O. Yusuf

Comparison of the properties of Portland cement and Portland-limestone cement

A.L. Mrema

Influence of crushed rock powder and fly ash on strength characteristics of concrete

A. Sanjay Raj, Nagabhushana & H. Sharada Bai

14. Timber structures, masonry structures, glass structures

Analysis and modelling of the mechanical behaviour of structural steel and timber joints (Invited Paper)

A. Bouchaïr, B. Xu &A. Abidelah

Design of interconnected timber-concrete constructions

V. Franková, Š. Kovaˇríková, D. Sekanina & J. Daˇnková

Numerical simulation of the ductile failure behaviour of wood

S. Franke

Numerical modeling of the brittle failure behaviour of wood

B. Franke & P. Quenneville

Analysis and modelling of the thermo-mechanical behaviour of dowelled and bolted steel-to-timber joints

M. Audebert, A. Bouchaïr, M. Taazount & D. Dhima

Pull-out capacity of steel bars bonded parallel to grain of timber

D. Yeboah, R. Gilfillan, S. Gilbert, D. McPolin & S. Taylor

Reliability analysis of a cylindrical timber shell roof system

J.O. Afolayan & H.O. Raji

Numerical modelling of masonry towers: The case study of the “Rognosa” tower in San Gimignano

M. Girardi, C. Padovani, A. Pagni & G. Pasquinelli

The effect of horizontal and vertical reinforcement on shear capacity of masonry walls

A. Fódi & I. Bódi

Influence of sulphate attack on elasticity of fired clay brick masonry wall

M.H.Wan Ibrahim, B.H. Abu Bakar, M.A. Megat Johari, P.J. Ramadhansyah & P. Bingel

Confined masonry as a reliable structural system for low income housing in earthquake prone zones

B. Sarrafi & S. Eshghi

Derivation of buckling curves of pane-like mono section glass columns of heat strengthened and tempered glass

M. Feldmann & K. Langosch

The path to a bonded glass enclosure: Testing from small to large scale

B.Weller, F. Nicklisch, V. Prautzsch & I. Vogt

Self-supporting glass roof as transparent space grid structure

B.Weller, S. Reich & J. Ebert

Transparent mullions and transoms in facades

B.Weller, A. Meier &T.Weimar

Polymers transfer significant compression forces into glass edges

B.Weller, J. Ebert & S. Reich

15. Structural safety, structural reliability, risk assessment

An inverse reliability analysis based on stochastic simulation and artificial neural network

D. Novák & D. Lehký

Reliability differentiation in the Eurocodes

D. Diamantidis & M. Holický

Towards sound assessment and improvement of robustness of structures: Treatment of structural robustness in European standards

H. Narasimhan & M.H. Faber

Review of the ISO 2394 reliability basis of structural design

J.V. Retief & M. Holický

Structural reliability and the basis of design for concrete structures

K.K. Mensah, J.V. Retief & C. Barnardo

Risk analysis of construction projects: From risk identification to contingency timetable

O. Kapli´nski

A new approach for time dependent risk assessment of coastal structures

C.-Q. Li

Risk-based bridge inspection

F. Dier & K. Zilch

16. Structural optimization

Optimum design of structures: Design, fabrication and economy (Invited Paper)

K. Jármai

Ant colony algorithms for nonlinear analyses, simultaneous analysis-design, and optimal design of structures (Invited Paper)

A. Kaveh & M. Hassani

An improved lower bound limit state optimisation algorithm

C. Frier & L. Damkilde

Multicriterion approach to minimum compliance topology optimization of trusses with comparison to stress-constrained minimum weight design

K. Mela & J. Koski

Optimum design of tubular trusses for displacement constraint

J. Farkas & K. Jármai

Shakedown design of structures under dynamic loading

S. Benfratello, F. Giambanco & L. Palizzolo

Advanced high performance vehicle frame design by means of topology optimization

M. Cavazzuti, A. Merulla, E. Bertocchi, A. Strozzi & M. Pettazzoni

Sport car space-frame chassis design in view of weight reduction

E. Torricelli, D. Costi, A. Baldini, E. Bertocchi & P. Moruzzi

Optimum design of a rack and pinion gear pair using the Taguchi method

W.S. Chung, D.H. Jung, H.S. Song &Y.K. Seo

Optimization of stiffened plates for steel bridges based on Eurocode 3 Part 1-5 using genetic algorithms

J. Ndogmo & R. Parra

Optimum design of plate girders by genetic algorithm

F. Shahabian, H. Rajabi Mashhadi & J. Farzaneh

The virtual work optimization method applied to structures: An investigation into cellular beams versus trusses

R.S.Walls &A.A. Elvin

Ant colony system for the formation of sparse flexibility matrices: Tetrahedron elements

A. Kaveh & M. Daei

A search algorithm for optimizing the grouping of members

R.S.Walls &A.A. Elvin

“SampleRecycling”: An adaptive DOE for response surfaces

D. Schneider

Application of numerical optimization in geotechnics

J. Grabe & S. Kinzler

17. Structural health monitoring, damage detection

Use of optical fibre technology to measure structural performance (Invited Paper)

L.F. Boswell

Optical fiber grating sensors

H.N. Li, L. Ren, Z.G. Jia & D.S. Li

A multi-channel wireless transmission system for structural monitoring

S. Casciati, L. Faravelli & Z.C. Chen

Application of FBG sensors in monitoring curing process of carbon fiber composite

Z.G. Jia, L. Ren, D.S. Li, H.N. Li, M.F. Ren & Q.Z. Huang

Study on the effect of different construction materials on GPS carrier phase signals

T.H.Yi, H.N. Li & M. Gu

Laser measurements of deformations of structure components

M. Pałys, J.Z. Durlej, M. Antosz & D. Latos

LMI based fault tolerant control of building structures

L.S. Huo, C.X. Qu & H.N. Li

Urban disaster management system development focusing on predicting performance

M.Y. Zhang, J.T. Qu &W.L. Yang

Structural health monitoring (SHM): The state of the art

E. Safak & E. Cakti

Monitoring aspects in a rotating tower

S. Casciati, F. Casciati & L. Faravelli

Probabilistic monitoring aspects and optimisation of a jointless bridge

R.Wendner, A. Strauss & K. Bergmeister

Managing the structural health of concrete dams

E.A. Portela

Infrared thermography and ultrasound techniques for detecting FRP – concrete adhesion problems

G. Concu, B. De Nicolo, D. Meloni, N. Trulli & C. Piga

Compressive damage detection in concrete by a nonlinear ultrasonic testing procedure

P. Antonaci, P.G. Bocca, C.L.E. Bruno, A.S. Gliozzi & M. Scalerandi

18. Structural failures, damage assessment, repair, strengthening, retrofitting

Progressive debonding in RC beams shear-strengthened with FRP side strips (Invited Paper)

J.F. Chen, G.M. Chen & J.G. Teng

Structural failures and forensics (Invited Paper)

Y. Liu & J. Dawe

Computational aspects associated with the integrative lifetime assessment of engineering structures

A. Strauss, R.Wendner, T. Guggenberger & K. Bergmeister

Displacement-based seismic assessment procedure for multi-span reinforced concrete bridges

L. Petrini & O.B. ¸Sadan

Mean damage ratios for reinforced concrete and masonry buildings constructed in Turkey

M.S. Yucemen &A. Deniz

Causes of structural damage to low-rise buildings in Gauteng (South Africa)

J.T.Winczewski

Parametric study on seismic performance of an existing RC building

F.G. Gülay, T. Gökce & I.E. Bal

Structural behaviour of deteriorated mining steel structures

T.L. Bopape &A. Masarira

Coordinating and directing whole building collapse investigations

W. Bracken & B. Tuomy

Collapse of a multi-storey building at the final stages of construction

H.C. Uzoegbo & G.A. Harli

Investigation of partial collapse of a cylindrical roof

O. Caglayan, K. Ozakgul & O. Tezer

Shear strengthening of RC beams with PBO-FRCM composites

A. D’Ambrisi & F. Focacci

Rehabilitation or new structures: Potential of concrete-to-concrete bond

P. Lenz & K. Zilch

Local bond-slip relations of PBO-FRCM composites for strengthening RC members

A. D’Ambrisi & F. Focacci

Hybrid advisory system for the process of industrial flooring repairs

M. Gajzler

Experimental research on prestressed concrete main beams of road bridge strengthened by CFRP strips under static loads at different repair stages

Z.Z. Manko &A.G. Mordak

Analysis of post-tensioned concrete road bridge beams strengthened by CFRP strips using FEM and field tests under static load

A.G. Mordak & Z.Z. Manko

Torsional behaviour of concrete T-beams retrofitted with steel plates

B.R. Niranjan &T.V. Sudha

19. Sustainable construction, preservation, reconstruction

Hybrid or composite constructions: A way to economic and sustainable structures (Invited Paper)

J. Feix, D. Fleck & C. Cherubim

On modelling of projects with utility assessment (Invited Paper)

Cˇ . Jarský

Adaptive floor slab systems as a contribution to sustainability

T. Dressen, J. Hegger & S. Rauscher

Numerical modeling of behaviour of an insulation block from recycled polymers

J. Pˇenˇcík & L. Matˇejka

Sustainable building experience

S. Gampfer,W. Huss, J. von Grabe &A.Wolfrum

Societal considerations in the design of sustainable concrete structures

R.N. Muigai, M.G. Alexander & P. Moyo

Revitalizing health and safety in the concrete construction for oil and gas industry in Libya

G.E. Abulgasim, C. Kara-Zaitri & S.P. Bindra

Interface model for the nonlinear analysis of blocky structures of ancient Greek temples

S. Rizzo, G. Fileccia Scimemi & G. Giambanco

Brunelleschi’s dome in Florence: The masterpiece of a genius

C. Borri, M. Betti & G. Bartoli

Preservation of historical buildings in connection with underground constructions

I. Bódi, K. Koris &A. Molnár

Reconstruction of the “Berolinahaus” in Berlin: Use-dominated structural design for construction in existing buildings

O.-H. Pekoll & R. Glasenapp

Structural assessment and consolidation of an historical cupola

D. Meloni, G. Concu, B. De Nicolo & M. Valdès

20. Soil-structure interaction, tunnels, underground structures, foundations

Effect of soil structure interaction on internal forces in integral bridges

D. Peri´c, A. Esmaeily &V.K. Tadikamalla

Parametric study of influence of subbase height to the contact stress distribution in buried vaults

J. Pˇenˇcík & M. Štˇepánek

The influence of the installation method on soil plugging in open-ended piles

S. Henke

Comparative analysis of simulation and field monitoring on the metro pit constructing safety

J.H. Shi, L. He, C.L. Shi & M.H. Zhong

Bearing behaviour of embedded piles due to cyclic and dynamic lateral head loads

M. Pulsfort &T.Welskopf

1g model tests with foundations in sand

S. Krabbenhoft, L. Damkilde & J. Clausen

Free slip plane analysis of a strip footing using a genetic algorithm

R. van der Meij

Diverse design approaches to slope stabilization

A. Borowiec &A. Maj

Vibration of infinite medium which includes two cylindrical cavities when partially subjected to harmonic inner pressure

H.F. Kara & H. Engin

Dynamic response of an infinite medium with two materials including twin cavities

A. Özmutlu & H. Engin

On the displacement of pipelines due to adjacent trench excavations

M.F. Ahlinhan & M. Achmus

A review of basic soil-structure interaction models for geotechnical problems

R. Chauhan, S. Mittal & R. Goyal

21. Structural engineering education

Bologna Process: Friend or foe? Experience between change and tradition

U. Quapp & K. Holschemacher

SDC software for teaching Structural Mechanics

G. Faraggiana & F. Algostino