This book describes advances in the thinking of experts in the field of combustion toxicology through 1991. It emphasizes contributions due to the efforts of the working groups of ISO/TCQ2/SC3, along with presentation of the most up-to-date strategy for minimizing the risk of toxic hazards in fires.
Table of Contents
1. Smoke Toxicity in the 1990’s 2. Assessment of Fire Model DIN 53436 3. Development of a Safety Concept for Assessment of the Toxicity of Combustion Products 4. Toxic Gases Evolution from Commercial Building Materials under Fire Atmosphere in a Semi-Full-Scale Room 5. Inhalation Toxicity of Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen Cyanide Gases Released During the Thermal Decomposition of Polymers 6. The Fractional Effective Dose Model for Assessment of Toxic Hazards in Fires 7. Modeling of Toxicological Effects of Fire Gases: VII. Studies on Evaluation of Animal Models in Combustion Toxicology 8. Acute Inhalation Toxicity in Rats Exposed to Thermal Degradation Products of a New Chlorinated Fluid for Electrical Transformers 9. Toxic Gases and Smoke Evolution from Foam Plastic Building Materials Burning in Fire Environments 10. Prediction of the Toxic Effects of Fire Effluents 11. Evaluation of Smoke Toxic Potency Test Methods: Comparison of the NBS Cup Furnace, the Radiant Furnace and the UPITT Tests 12. A Method to Determine the Potential Toxicity of Smoke from Burning Polymers: I. Experiments with Douglas Fir 13. Combustion Product Toxic Potency Measurements: Comparison of a Small Scale Test and “Real-World” Fires 14. Experimental Study on Human Emotional Instability in Smoke Filled Corridor: Part 2 15. Utilization of Drosophila melanogaster Flies the Evaluation of Toxic Products from Burning Materials 16. Smoke Gas Analysis by FTIR Method: Preliminary Investigation 17. Large-Scale Validation of Bench-Scale Fire Toxicity Tests 18. New York State Fire Gas Toxicity Requirements: Past, Present and Future 19. The Eflct of Elevated Temperature on Carbon Monoxide-Induced Incapacitation 20. A Critical Evaluation of the Proposed NIBS Toxicity Test