1st Edition

Advances in Hemp Research

ISBN 9781560228721
Published January 22, 1999 by CRC Press
272 Pages

USD $160.00

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Book Description

Offering up-to-date information on the uses and composition of the plant, Advances in Hemp Research provides growers, researchers, manufacturers, and suppliers with methods and data for the processing and cultivation of hemp for textile and paper products. You will learn how recent advances in germplasm resources, breeding methods, and the improvement of physiological, morphological, and biochemical characteristics of the plant can strengthen hemp fiber, making it a profitable and important crop to study and to grow for uses in the textile and paper industries.

Providing you with a complete update on the advances in research in several different areas, this text covers the entire spectrum of recent international hemp research and technological developments. Advances in Hemp Research discusses many factors essential to the improvement of the crop and its uses, including:

  • breeding techniques, agronomical practices, increased stress tolerance, and processing techniques that will enable the plant to produce high-quality fibers
  • new cultivars to distinguish licit from illicit field cultivation
  • the recent advances in crop physiology, such as radiation use efficiency, harvest index, and dry matter yields
  • cultivation practices such as soil structure, manuring, harvesting, and crop rotation and how they contribute to optimal growing conditions for the plant
  • current disease and control measures that lessen parasitic damage and loss of crops
  • storing, processing, and marketing hemp as a component of paper, pulp, fiber, and oil

    Furthering the advancement of cannabis as an environmentally friendly and useful crop, this text supplies you with the information you need to successfully grow healthier and more resilient plants. Advances in Hemp Research will benefit your breeding studies or your business ventures by providing you with information and laboratory results that will help you successfully grow the cannabis plant for commercial use.

Table of Contents


  • About the Editor
  • Contributors
  • Preface
  • Chapter 1. Botany of the Genus Cannabis
  • Introduction
  • Life Cycle
  • Origin, Early Evolution, and Domestication
  • Early History and Dispersal
  • Taxonomy
  • Brief History of Hemp Breeding
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 2. The Phytochemistry of Cannabis: Its Ecological and Evolutionary Implications
  • Introduction
  • Cannabinoid Biogenesis and Anatomical Distribution
  • Cannabinoids and Environmental Stress
  • Evolution of Biogenetic Pathways
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 3. Detecting and Monitoring of Plant THC Content: Innovative and Conventional Methods
  • Introduction
  • Immunodiagnostic
  • Polyclonal Antibodies
  • Monoclonal Antibodies
  • Recombinant Antibodies
  • Assay Format
  • Conclusion
  • Chapter 4. Agronomical and Physiological Advances in Hemp Crop
  • Introduction
  • Cannabis Gene Pool
  • Variety Recommendations
  • Hemp in Crop Rotation
  • Seedbed
  • Methods of Planting
  • The Effect of Temperature on Leaf Appearance and Canopy Establishment in Fiber Hemp
  • Seeding Rate
  • Growing Conditions
  • Cultural Practices
  • Phenological Development
  • Effect of Nitrogen Fertilization and Row Width
  • The Chemical Composition of Hemp Stem
  • Cultivation Techniques and Crop Destination
  • Constraints to Dry Matter Production in Fiber Hemp
  • Implications for Future Research
  • Chapter 5. Crop Physiology of Cannabis Sativa: A Simulation Study of Potential Yield of Hemp in Northwest Europe
  • Introduction
  • Crop Physiological Characteristics
  • Potential Yield
  • Hemp versus Kenaf
  • Chapter 6. A Survey of Hemp Diseases and Pests
  • Introduction
  • Insect Pests of Stalk and Roots
  • Insect Pests of Leaves, Flowers, and Seeds
  • NonInsect Pests
  • Fungal Diseases
  • Other Diseases
  • Control of Diseases and Pests
  • Chapter 7. Cannabis Germplasm Resources
  • Introduction
  • The Structure of the Cannabis Gene Pool
  • Fiber and Seed Strains
  • Drug Strains
  • Other Domesticated Cannabis
  • Cannabis Germplasm Ex-Situ
  • Chapter 8. Genetic Improvement: Conventional Approaches
  • Historical Review
  • Sex Genetics
  • Improvement in Stem Yield
  • Breeding for an Increase in Fiber Content
  • Breeding for Reduced THC Content
  • Resistance Breeding
  • Breeding for Seed Yield and Oil Content
  • Biotechnological Aspects
  • Chapter 9. Advances in Biotechnical Approaches or Hemp Breeding and Industry
  • Tissue Culture and Breeding
  • Cell Culture and Secondary Metabolism
  • Molecular Markers for Hemp Breeding
  • Future Perspectives
  • Chapter 10. Alkaline Pulping of Fiber Hemp
  • Introduction
  • Bast Fiber Pulps for Paper Applications
  • Hemp Woody Core and Hardwood Pulp
  • Introduction of Hardwood and Recycled Fibers in Paper
  • Important Pulping Processes and Their Significance for Hemp
  • Alkaline Pulping of Hemp
  • Recommendations
  • Chapter 11. Hemp Seed: A Valuable Food Source
  • Introduction
  • Extraction Methods
  • Oil composition and Properties
  • Critical Enzyme
  • GLA Importance
  • SDA Supporting Role
  • Future Prospects
  • Index
  • Reference Notes Included

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