Aerodynamics Principles for Air Transport Pilots: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Aerodynamics Principles for Air Transport Pilots

1st Edition

By Rose Davies

CRC Press

288 pages | 157 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780367188542
pub: 2020-04-17
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Description

Equipping readers with the ability to analyze the aerodynamic forces on an aircraft, the book provides comprehensive knowledge of the characteristics of subsonic and supersonic airflow.

This book begins with the fundamental physics principles of aerodynamics, then introduces the Continuity Equation, Energy Equations, and Bernoulli’s Equation, which form the basic aerodynamic principles for subsonic airflow. It provides a thorough understanding of the forces acting on an aircraft across a range of speeds and their effects on the aircraft's performance, including a discussion on the difference in aerofoil and aircraft shapes. Aircraft stability issues are analyzed, along with the development of a boundary layer over an aerofoil, the changes of air speed and air pressure, and boundary layer separation.

Readers will gain a clear understanding of the nature of airflow over aircraft during subsonic, transonic, and supersonic flight. The book emphasizes the connection between operating actions in flight and aerodynamic requirements. The content will be of interest to senior undergraduates studying to obtain their Airline Transport Pilot License (ATPL)/Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) certificate, general aviation and air transport pilots, and aircraft maintenance engineers.

Table of Contents

Preface

Chapter 1 Calculus Revision

Differentiation

Function analysis (derivatives)

Derivatives of functions of multi-variables

Integration

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 2 Fundamental principles of Aerodynamics (Subsonic)

Continuity equation

Bernoulli’s equation

Ideal Gas Law

First Law of Thermodynamics

Processes

Energy equation

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 3 Viscous Flow and Boundary Layer

Viscosity

Pressure loss

Reynolds number and regimes of viscous flow

Boundary layers

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 4 Aerodynamic Forces – subsonic flight

Geometric features of aerofoil

Theory of lift

Drag

Features of aerofoil on aerodynamic forces

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 5 Stability

Revision on moment

Pitch moment and pitch moment coefficient

Longitudinal stability

Lateral stability

Directional stability

Lateral and directional stability (Dynamic)

Longitudinal dynamic stability

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 6 Speed of sound and Mach number

Speed of sound in air

Mach number

Mach number measurement

Mach number applications

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 7 Compressible Air Flow

Compressible 1-D air flow

Compressible airflow with a variable area of flow path

Shockwave

Shockwave in a flow path

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 8 Aerodynamics over Transonic Aerofoil

Shockwaves on aerofoil

Changes of CP, CL and CD on a transonic aerofoil

Shock stall

Shockwaves on control surfaces

Transonic control issues

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 9 Transonic flight and aerofoil

Transonic speed limits

Crossover Altitude

Increase Mcrit

Transonic aerofoils

Area rule

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 10 Supersonic Waves

Two examples reversible and irreversible adiabatic processes (supersonic)

Oblique shockwaves

Expansion waves

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Chapter 11 Introduction of Supersonic Flight

Supersonic flow over aerofoil

Boundary layer and drag

Supersonic wings and planeforms

Kinetic heating

Supersonic control

Exercises

List of figures in this Chapter

Notation

Appendix I List of derivatives

Appendix II M Diagram

Appendix III Prandtl-Meyer Function

Appendix IV Answers of exercises

References

Acknowledgement

About the Author

Rose G Davies works at the School of Aviation, Massey University, New Zealand. She developed, and coordinates the current aerodynamics courses for the BAv degree in the Massey University Air Transport Program. She has teaching experience in aero-science and aircraft systems, physics and mathematics, and the foundation courses for various degrees. Rose has a Bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering, majoring in internal combustion engine design, a Master’s degree in engineering-thermophysics–combustion, and a PhD in applied mathematics. Before starting her university teaching career, Rose had some 20 years research experience in mathematical modelling and fluid dynamics, combustion, and remote sensing of engine emissions. She is a member of ASME, AIAA, ANZIAM, and the Royal Society New Zealand, and a member of the Editorial Board of the Journal of Aviation/Aerospace Education and Research (JAAER).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General
TEC009070
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mechanical
TEC017000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Industrial Health & Safety