This book redirects attention to the groups—women and minorities—for whom equal opportunity and affirmative action programs were initially designed in American society. It provides national and longitudinal information regarding the position of women and minorities in institutions.
1. Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action: An Overview 2. The Labored Birth of Affirmative Action: A Focus on Employment 3. Government Employment and Affirmative Action 4. The Impact of Affirmative Action in Industry 5. Affirmative Action, Equal Employment Opportunity, and Higher Education 6. Public and Private Reactions to Organized Affirmative Action 7. Affirmative Action: Reverse Discrimination or Equity?