African-American Social and Political Thought : 1850-1920 book cover
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African-American Social and Political Thought
1850-1920





ISBN 9781560005636
Published January 1, 1991 by Routledge
628 Pages

 
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Book Description

In bringing together the most characteristic and serious writings by black scholars, authors, journalists, and educators from the years that preceded the modem civil rights movement, 'African-American Social and Political Thought' provides a comprehensive guide to the range and diversity of black thought. The volume offers a deep history of how the terms of contemporary debate over the future of black Americans were formed. The writings assembled here reveal a tension and a thread between two essential poles of thought. These include those voices that clearly projected civic assimilation as the goal of black aspiration, and those who described how this aim would be achieved, as well as nationalist or separatist voices that despaired of ever having a dignified future in a biracial society. These two positions reflect the most fundamental questions faced by any minority group. In his forceful and courageous introduction to this new edition, Howard Brotz relates the thoughts and reflections of these black thinkers to the social and political situation of blacks in America today and argues against the political orthodoxy and sociological determinism that perpetuates the image of the black as a perennial and passive victim. In the scope and quality of its contents, African-American Social and Political Thought is a unique, invaluable source book for cultural historians, sociologists, and students of black history.

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION TO THE TRANSACTION EDITION
FOREWORD
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION TO THE ORIGINAL EDITION: A GUIDE TO THE MATERIALS

PART I Emigration

MARTIN R . DELANY
    The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, and Destiny
        of the Colored People of the United States
        (abridged)
    Official Report of the Niger Valley Exploring
        Party (excerpt)
EDWARD W. BLYDEN
    The Call of Providence to the D e s c e h t s of
        Africa in America
    The African Problem and the Method of Its Solution
JAMES T. HOLLY
    A Vindication of the Cafiacity of the Negro Race
        for Self-Government a d Civilized Progress
ALEXANDER CRUMMELL
    The Relations and Duties of Free Colored Men in
        America to Africa (excerpt)
    The Race Problem in America
AFRICAN CIVILIZATION SOCIETY
    Constitution

Part II Assimilation

HENRY HIGHLAND GARNET
    The Past and the Present Condition, a d the Destiny
    of the Colored Race (excerpt)
FREDERICK DOUGLASS
    What Are the Colored People Doing for Themselves?
    An Address to the Colored People of the United States
    Prejudice Not Natural
    The Nature of Slavery
    Letter to Harriet Beecher Stowe
    The Claims of the Negro Ethnologically Considered
    The Doom of the Black Power
    Speech on the Dred Scott Decision
    African Civilization Society
    The Present and Future of the Colored Race in America
    What the Black Man Wants
    Address before the Tennessee Colored Agricultural
        and Mechanical Association
    The Civil Rights Case
    The Future of the Negro
    The Future of the Colored Race
    The Nation's Problem
    The Folly of Colonization
T. THOMAS FORTUNE
    Education
    Political Independence of the Negro
    Solution of the Political Problem
BOOKER T. WASHINGTON
    The Educational Outlook in the South
    Atlanta Exposition Address
    Our New Citizen
    Democracy and Education
    Address Delivered at Hampton Institute
    Letter to the Louisiana State Constitutional Convention
    An Interview on the Hardwick Bill
    On Making Our Race Life Count in the Life of the Nation
    Early Problems of Freedom
    Progress of the American Negro
    The Negro and the Labor Problem of the South
    The Fruits of Industrial Truining
    The American Negro and His Economic Value
    The Intellectuals and the Boston Mob
    The Mistakes and the Future of Negro Education
    Is the Negro Having a Fair Chance?
    My View of Segregation Laws
ARCHIBALD H. GRIMKE
    Modern Industrialism and the Negroes of the United States

PART III Cultural Nationalism

WILLIAM EDWARD BURGHARDT DU BOIS
    The Conservation of Races
    The Philadelphia Negro (excerpt)
    Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others
    The Talented Tenth
    Declaration of Principles of the Niagara Movement
    Resolutions of the Niagara Movement
    The Evolution of the Race Problem

PART IV The Revival of Political Nationalism

MARCUS GARVEY
    Race Assimilation
    The True Solution of the Negro Problem
    An Appeal to the Soul of White America
    Racial Reforms and Reformers
    Who and What Is a Negro?
    An Appeal to the Conscience of the Black Race to See Itself
    The Negro's Place in World Reorganization
    Aims and Objects of Mouement for Solution of Negro Problem
    Racial Ideals
Sources and Acknowledgments
Index

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