This book explores, at a time when several powers have become serious players on the continent, aspects of African agency, past and present, by African writers on foreign policy, representative of geography, language and state size.
In the past, African foreign policy has largely been considered within the context of reactions to the international or global “external factor”. This groundbreaking book, however, looks at how foreign policy has been crafted and used in response not just to external, but also, mainly, domestic imperatives or (theoretical) signifiers. As such, it narrates individual and changing foreign policy orientations over time—and as far back as independence—with mainly African-based scholars who present their own constructs of what is a useful theoretical narrative regarding foreign policy on the continent—how theory is adapted to local circumstance or substituted for continentally based ontologies. The book therefore contends that the African experience carries valuable import for expanding general understandings of foreign policy in general.
This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of Foreign Policy Analysis, Foreign Policy Studies, African International Relations/Politics/Studies, Diplomacy and more broadly to International Relations.
Table of Contents
2. What Next? Past and present African foreign policy concepts and practices
3. The African Union as a Foreign Policy Player: African Agency in International Cooperation
4. Unprincipled Pragmatism and Anti-Imperialist Impulses in an Interconnected World: The Zuma Presidency, 2009-2017
5. Towards A Strategic Culture Approach to Understanding and Conceptualising Ethiopia’s Foreign Policy Towards Israel and the Middle Eastern Arab Countries
6. Nigeria’s Foreign Policy and Intervention Behaviour in Africa: What Role for Agency?
7. Zimbabwe and New Signifiers: Towards a cultural political economy of Foreign Policy Making
8. Realist Conceptions of Kenya’s Foreign Policy and Foreign Policy Behaviour: A Theoretical and Contextual Disposition
Korwa Gombe Adar and Mercy Kathambi Kaburu
9. Addressing the Conceptual Void of African Small State Foreign Policy in Orthodox Theory: A Case Study of Botswana's Principled Pragmatism
Kabelo M. Mahupela
10. Tunisia’s Foreign Policy Towards France Before and After an Undemanding ‘Revolution’: A Theoretical Explanation of the An-Nahdha-led Interim Governments’ Soft Policy
Ahmed Ali Salem
11. Straddling Between Convergence and Divergence: A Constructivist’s View of Malawi’s Foreign Policy in Post-independence Africa
12. Strategies of a Small State Between Realism and Liberalism: Sixty Years of Guinea’s Diplomacy and Foreign Policy (1958-2018)
Issaka K. Souaré
13. Rethinking SADC’s Collective Policymaking Processes on External Relations and Non-state Participation for Region-building
Cecilia Lwiindi Nedziwe
14. Towards an Understanding of the Interplay Between Ghana’s Foreign and Defence Policies
Kwesi Aning and Kwaku Danso
Paul-Henri Bischoff is Professor of International Relations and erstwhile longstanding Head of Department of Political and International Studies at Rhodes University, Grahamstown-Makhanda, South Africa.