This book provides a comprehensive synthesis of current knowledge of the potential and challenges associated with the multiple roles, use, management and livelihood contributions of indigenous vegetables in urban agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa. There has been growing research and policy effort around urban agriculture in the region over the last two decades, but never has it been integrated with work on under-researched crops such as indigenous vegetables. These species have multiple advantages, including low input requirements, adaptability to African environments, high nutritional value and marked biodiversity, cultural and local food security significance. Yet they are overlooked in the modern world, where recent emphasis has been directed to growing a limited range of exotic crops, both for internal markets and for export to developed country markets. This book provides evidence that, in spite of this neglect, in many African cities indigenous vegetables are still widely used, cultivated and marketed. It goes on to consider their potential to contribute to income generation and poverty alleviation of the growing numbers of urban dwellers in sub-Saharan Africa, whilst promoting urban greening and sustainability. Based on critical analysis of the debates it presents a multidisciplinary analysis of the realities and future opportunities.
Table of Contents
Foreword * Defining Urban Agriculture and Indigenous Vegetables * Biodiversity of African Indigenous Vegetables * Urban Agriculture in African Cities * Nutritional Contributions of Important African Indigenous Vegetables * Production and Harvesting Systems for African Indigenous Vegetables * Management of African Indigenous Vegetables Towards Improved Production * Marketing of African Vegetables in Cities * Current Extent of African Vegetables in Urban Agriculture *Integration Of Urban Agriculture Into Spatial Planning - drawing lessons from the Dar es Salaam experience* Integration of IVs and Urban Agriculture: Recurring Themes and Policy Lessons for the Future
Charlie Shackleton is Professor and Head of Department in the Department of Environmental Science, Rhodes University, South Africa. Margaret Pasquini is a geographer working as a research officer at CAZS Natural Resources, Bangor University, Wales, UK. Her research interests are directed at topics which lie at the interface between agricultural systems and environmental protection. Her work has focused on vegetable production systems in urban agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa, investigating soil fertility management strategies (and particularly the use of urban waste ash), and more recently looking at the promotion, cultivation and conservation of indigenous vegetables. Axel Drescher is Professor at the Faculty of Forestry and Environmental Sciences and Coordinator of the Section on Applied Geography of the Tropics and Subtropics (APT) at the Department for Physical Geography (IPG), University of Freiburg, Germany. His entry point in the topic originates from his research work on 'Homegardens in African Spaces' 1990 - 1993 in Zambia and Zimbabwe. His major research and publication activities are in the field of Urban and Periurban Agriculture as one solution for food insecurity.
'The twenty- one contributors to this book represent a broad variety of institutions, mostly African, and fields ranging from ethnobotany and horticulture to nutrition, economics, sociology, and soil science. This diverse expertise has allowed authoritative presentation on many different facets of the subject. In short, the volume is both informative and inspiring; it is highly recommended for those interested in sustainable agriculture (on any continent) or African ethnobotany.' - Wendy Applequist, Economic Botany
'Offers a comprehensive synthesis of all the issues surrounding indigenous vegetables in urban agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa' - CTA Spore
'All chapters contain valuable information in key fields of interest.' - David Gibbon, The Journal of Experimental Agriculture, Vol 46 (2), 2010
'A useful publication'- IZWA