The issue of resettling ex-prisoners and ex-offenders into the community has become an increasingly important one on both sides of the Atlantic. In the USA the former Attorney General Janet Reno identified the issue as 'one of the most pressing problems we face as a nation' in view of the massive prison population and the rapid increase in rates of incarceration, while in the UK it has become an increasingly important issue for similar reasons, and the subject of recent reports by HM Inspectorate of Prisons and HM Inspectorate of Probation, as well as from the Social Exclusion Unit of the Home Office.
Yet this issue has not been well served by the criminological literature, and the new policies and programmes that have been set up to address the problem have not been well grounded in criminological thinking. This book seeks to address the important set of issues involved by bringing together the best of recent thinking and research into desistance from crime, drawing upon research in both the UK and the USA, and with a distinct focus on how this might impact upon the design and implementation of ex-offender reintegration policy.
'After Crime and Punishment is a must for those interested in the reintegration and resettlement of ex-prisoners and ex-offenders. It provides both an introductory text and an up-to-date and original exploration of the theoretical and practical study of desistance. From definitions to research, this text uses a dynamic and fresh style to report on an eclectic mix of related areas.' - Carly Angus, West Midlands Area Psychology Office
Contents. Foreword by Neal Shover Part I: Desistance Theory and Reintegration Practice 1. Ex-offender Reintegration: Theory and Practice by Shadd Maruna, Russ Immarigeon and Thomas P. LeBel 2. Reintegration and Restorative Justice: Towards a Theory and Practice of Informal Social Control and Support by Gordon Bazemore and Carsten Erbe 3. Social Capital and Offender Reintegration: Making Probation Desistance Focused by Stephen Farrall Part II: Methodological Considerations 4. Connecting Desistance and Recidivism: Measuring Changes in Criminality over the Lifespan by Shawn D. Bushway, Robert Brame and Raymond Paternoster 5. Somewhere Between Persistence and Desistence: The Intermittency of Criminal Careers by Alex R. Piquero Part III: Applied Research on Desistance 6. Jail or the Army: Does Military Service Facilitate Desistance from Crime? by Leana Allen Bouffard and John H. Lamb 7. To Reoffend or not to Reoffend? The Ambivalence of Convicted Property Offenders by Ros Burnett 8. Desistance from Crime: Is it Different for Women and Girls? by Gill McIvor, Cathy Murray and Janet Jamieson 9. Beating the Perpetual Incarceration Machine: Overcoming Structural Impediments to Re-entry by Stephen C. Richards and Richard S. Jones 10. With Eyes Wide Open: Formalizing Community and Social Control Intervention in Offender Reintegration Programmes by Faye S. Taxman, Douglas Young and James M. Byrne 11. Less than the Average Citizen': Stigma, Role Transition and the Civic Reintegration of Convicted Felons by Christopher Uggen, Jeff Manza and Angela Behrens Index