276 pages | 73 B/W Illus.
No society can escape population ageing. This demographic phenomenon has profound social consequences on the lifestyles of individuals and societies. In the light of the accelerated ageing of the Mediterranean area, the analyses which inform this work aim to understand how the age-related policies of Nation-States are partly responsible for the behaviours of the generations. They also highlight how the lifestyle changes are the result of trends which are common to these societies. The Mediterranean area constructed here by the researchers offers an in-depth reflection on the national cases presented, in terms of their specificities or societal singularities, as well as of their dynamics of convergence.
Drawing on empirical research in sociology, demography, geography and economics, exploiting the most recent data available and setting the present in historical perspective, Ageing, Lifestyles and Economic Crises studies Mediterranean societies in relation to three major challenges which they now confront. These are: population ageing and its implications in terms of intergenerational family support relationships; increasingly insecure adult professional trajectories and their consequences for the evolution of social gender roles, in an economic context commonly referred to as a 'crisis'; and lastly the role of Nation-States' public policies in the social reproduction of these gender inequalities.
These three issues are the keystone to understanding the ongoing transformations in the lifestyles and life cycles of Mediterranean societies. This volume marshals a wealth of recent data that will be useful not only to many academics and scientists but also to local and national policy-makers.
Table of contents
List of Tables and Figures
Notes on Contributors
Introduction: The Mediterranean area: a total social context
Part 1: Mediterranean disparities and convergences: the demographic order in question
Introduction: Population ageing: convergences and uncertainties in the Mediterranean
Isabelle Blöss-Widmer, Elena Ambrosetti, Sébastien Oliveau
Chapter 1: An overview of demographic ageing in Italy: past, present and expected evolution
Giorgia Capacci and Francesca Rinesi
Chapter 2: Demographic transitions, ageing and the ‘great recession’ in Spain
Francisco Zamora López, Noelia Camara, Laura Barrios, Alain Parant, Margarita Delgado
Chapter 3: From multifaceted transition to rapid ageing: Morocco at the dawn of a new era
Chapter 4: Half a century of ageing in France: dynamics and specificities of the mediterranean coastline
Yoann Doignon, Isabelle Blöss-Widmer, Sébastien Oliveau
Part II: Contours of familial solidarities and change in multigenerational societies in the Mediterranean
Introduction: 'The problem' of family solidarities in mediterranean societies
Thierry Blöss and Michèle Pagès
Chapter 5: Public policies towards the family in Italy: an analysis of the evolution of the italian welfare state and its impact on gender and generations
Elena Ambrosetti and Donatella Strangio
Chapter 6: Households of the elderly in Spain: between solitude and family solidarities
Francisco Zamora López, Laura Barrios, Irene Lebrusan, Alain Parant, Margarita Delgado
Chapter 7: Family solidarities and old age in Morocco: new realities, new challenges
Muriel Sajoux and Mohammed Amar
Chapter 8: Family mutual support in multigenerational France. Social classes, generations and gender: memberships in question
Thierry Blöss, Isabelle Blöss-Widmer, Michèle Pagès
Part III: Uncertainties in gender relations in the Mediterranean: social trajectories and modes of political regulation
Introduction: Age, gender and social trajectories: the uneven emancipation of women in mediterranean societies
Thierry Blöss and Elena Ambrosetti
Chapter 9: The gender gap at home and in the labour market: the case of Italy
Serena Arima, Pietro Demurtas, Alessandra De Rose, Maria Herica La Valle, Adele Menniti, Maria Rita Sebastiani
Chapter 10: Gender inequalities, paid work and family formation in Spain
Marta Domínguez Folgueras, María José González, Irene Lapuerta
Chapter 11: Morocco between women’s emancipation and reproduction of gender inequalities
Mohammed Amar and Ilham Dkhissi
Chapter 12: Work-life balance through the lens of the dynamics of individualisation in France
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