What are the ultimate motives that instigate individuals’ behaviours? What are the aims of social perception? How can an individuals’ behaviour be described both from the perspective of the actor and from the perspective of an observer? These are the basic questions that this book addresses using its proposed agency-communion framework. Agency (competence, assertiveness) refers to existence of an organism as an individual, to "getting ahead" and to individual goal-pursuit; communion (warmth, morality) refers to participation of an individual in a larger organism, to "getting along" and to forming bonds.
Each chapter is written by experts in the field and use the agency-communion framework to explore a wide variety of topics, such as stereotypes, self-esteem, personality, power, and politics.
The reader will profit from the deep insights given by leading researchers. The variety of theoretical approaches and empirical contributions shows that the parsimonious and simple structure of two types of content in behavior, motives, personality, self-concept, stereotypes, and more to build an overarching frame to different phenomena studied in psychology.
Table of Contents
- Introduction: The Big Two of Agency and Communion as an overarching framework in psychology
- Connect and Strive to Survive and Thrive:
The Evolutionary Meaning of Communion and Agency
- Agency and communion in social cognition
- Warmth and Competence Are Parallels to Communion and Agency: Stereotype Content Mode
- Agency and Communion in Self-Concept and in Self-Esteem
- Agentic and Communal Social Motives
- The Big Two Dimensions of Desirability
- Agency and Communion in Grandiose Narcissism
- Agency and Communion: Their Implications for Gender Stereotypes and Gender Identities
- Dimensional Comparison Theory and the Agency–Communion Framework
- The dimensional compensation model: Reality and strategic constraints on warmth and competence in intergroup perceptions
- Power, Self-Focus and the Big Two
- The "Big Two" in Citizens’ Perception of Politicians
- Rethinking the nature and relation of fundamental dimensions of meaning
Andrea E. Abele & Bogdan Wojciszke
Todd Chan, Iris Wang, & Oscar Ybarra
Bogdan Wojciszke and Andrea E. Abele
Susan T. Fiske
A. E. Abele & N. Hauke, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
Kenneth D. Locke
D. L. Paulhus
Jochen E. Gebauer and Constantine Sedikides
Sabine Sczesny, Christa Nater, & Alice H. Eagly
Friederike Helm & Jens Möller
Aleksandra Cislak and Aleksandra Cichocka
Susanne Bruckmüller & Nicole Methner
Alex Koch and Roland Imhoff
Andrea E. Abele is a professor at Friedrich-Alexander University (Erlangen, Germany). Her research interests are social cognition and the fundamental dimensions of social judgment and behavior. She has published about 220 articles. She is a full member of the Bavarian Academy of Science and a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and of the Society for Experimental Social Psychology.
Bogdan Wojciszke is a professor at SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities (Sopot, Poland). His research interests are social cognition and moral judgments and has published 11 books and over 160 papers. He is a full member of Polish Academy of Science and a fellow of Association for Psychological Science.