Conflict is a major facet of many environmental challenges of our time. However, growing conflict complexity makes it more difficult to identify win-win strategies for sustainable conflict resolution. Innovative methods are needed to help predict, understand, and resolve conflicts in cooperative ways.
Agent-Based Modeling of Environmental Conflict and Cooperation examines computer modeling techniques as an important set of tools for assessing environmental and resource-based conflicts and, ultimately, for finding pathways to conflict resolution and cooperation. This book has two major goals. First, it argues that complexity science can be a unifying framework for professions engaged in conflict studies and resolution, including anthropology, law, management, peace studies, urban planning, and geography. Second, this book presents an innovative framework for approaching conflicts as complex adaptive systems by using many forms of environmental analysis, including system dynamics modeling, agent-based modeling, evolutionary game theory, viability theory, and network analysis. Known as VIABLE (Values and Investments from Agent-Based interaction and Learning in Environmental systems), this framework allows users to model advanced facets of conflicts—including institution building, coalition formation, adaptive learning, and the potential for future conflict—and conflict resolution based on the long-term viability of the actors’ strategies.
Written for scholars, students, practitioners, and policy makers alike, this book offers readers an extensive introduction to environmental conflict research and resolution techniques. As the result of decades of research, the text presents a strong argument for conflict modeling and reviews the most popular and advanced techniques, including system dynamics modeling, agent-based modeling, and participatory modeling methods. This indispensable guide uses NetLogo, a widely used and free modeling software package, to implement the VIABLE modeling approach in three case study applications around the world. Readers are invited to explore, adapt, modify, and expand these models to conflicts they hope to better understand and resolve.
Part I: Conflict and the Promise of Conflict Modeling
1. Environmental Conflicts in a Complex World
2. Why Model? How Can Modeling Help Resolve Conflict?
3. The History and Types of Conflict Modeling
4. Participatory Modeling and Conflict Resolution
Part II: Modeling Environmental Conflict
5. System Dynamics and Conflict Modeling
6. Agent-Based Modeling and Environmental Conflict
7. Modeling Conflict and Cooperation as Agent Action and Interaction
Part III: Applications of the VIABLE Model Framework
8. A Viability Approach to Understanding Fishery Conflict and Cooperation
9. An Adaptive Dynamic Model of Emissions Trading
10. Modeling Bioenergy and Land Use Conflict
11. The Future of Modeling Environmental Conflict and Cooperation